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On this day in History - May 28

0585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
0640 Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)
1156 Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet
1357 - King Afonso IV of Portugal dies (b. 1291).
1371 - John the Fearless, was born (d. 1419). Duke of Burgundy.
1503 - James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married by Pope Alexander VI according to Papal Bull.
1503 - Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England is signed, which would actually last 10 years.
1524 - Selim II, was born (d. 1574). Ottoman Emperor.
1588 - Pierre Seguier, was born (d. 1672). Chancellor of France.
1588 - The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, begins to set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port).
1660 - King George I of Great Britain was born (d. 1727)
1738 - Joseph Ignace Guillotin, France, physician/inventor, guillotine .
1749 - Pierre Hubert Subleyras, dies (b. 1699). French painter specialized in Historical Subjects. Mass of St Basil
1754 - French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party at Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette Couty in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1759 - William Pitt the Younger, was born (d. 1806). Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1774 - American Revolutionary War: The first Continental Congress convenes.
1779 - Thomas Moore, was born (d. 25 Feb 1852). Poet, lyricist (Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms, The Last Rose of Summer, Oft in the Stilly Night);
1799 - Nascimento de António Pereira de Sá Sotto Maior . Visconde de Milhaúdos - Portugal.
1804 - Napoleão Bonaparte é proclamado imperador da França
1805 - Luigi Boccherini, dies (b. 1743). Italian composer.
1807 - Louis Agassiz, was born (d. 1873). Zoologist and geologist.
1810 - Alexandre Calame, was born (d. 17 Mar 1864). Swiss painter, specialized in Landscapes
1811 - Henry Dundas, dies (b. 1742).
1st Viscount Melville, British minister.
1818 - Pierre Beauregard, was born. American Confederate general.
1836 - Alexander Mitscherlich, was born (d. 1918). Chemist.
1843 - Noah Webster, dies (b. 1758). American author, politician, and lexicographer.
1849 - Anne Brontë, dies (b. 1820). English author, sister of Charlotte and Emily Brontë.
1853 - Carl Olof Larsson, was born (d. 22 Jan 1919). Swedish painter, illustrator and printmaker. 1858 - Carl Rickard Nyberg, was born (d. 1939). Inventor.
1863 - American Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts to fight for the Union.
1884 - Edvard Benes, was born (d. 1948). Politician.
1884 - Foram inauguradas as instalações do Jardim Zoológico de Lisboa
1887 - Jim Thorpe, was born (d. 1953). Sportsman.
1892 - Sepp Dietrich, was born (d. 1966). SS officer, bodyguard of Adolf Hitler.
1892 - In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1898 - O fotógrafo italiano Secondo Pia tira as primeiras fotografias do Santo Sudário.
1900 - Tommy Ladnier, was born (d. 1939). Jazz musician.
1900 - Boer War: The Orange Free State is annexedIn a proclamation timed to coincide with the Queen's birthday, General Lord Roberts renames the Orange Free State (Oranje Vrij Staat) as the Orange River Colony. Utrecht, in the Transvaal, also surrenders to the British.
1902 - Boer War: PeaceBoer negotiators are handed the final British proposals for the Boer surrender. The offer includes a general amnesty for all burghers except for rebels and those involved in (listed) war crimes. Rebel leaders are to be put on trial.
1903 - Foi inaugurada a iluminação eléctrica da cidade de Lisboa.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends. The Russian Baltic Fleet was destroyed by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.
1908 - Ian Fleming, was born (d. 12 Aug 1964). Author of James Bond books.
1910 - T-Bone Walker, was born (d. 1975). Blues singer.
1910 - Lady Rachel Kempson, was born (d. 2003). Actress.
1911 - Fritz Hochwälder, was born (d. 1986). Author.
1911 - Thora Hird, was born (d. 2003). British actress.
1911 - Portugal - Primeiras eleições legislativas do regime republicano. A legislação eleitoral é praticamente igual à da monarquia, não sendo estabelecido um sistema eleitoral democrático. Há 850.000 eleitores, dos quais só 60% votarão.
1912 - Hans Zassenhaus was born (d. 21 Nov 1991). German mathematician who did important work on Group Theory and Lie algebras. Author of Lehrbuch der Gruppentheorie (1937).
1912 - Patrick White, was born (d. 1990). Author.
1914 - W. G. G. Duncan Smith, was born (d. 1996). World War II pilot.
1915 - Joseph Greenberg, was born (d. 2001). Linguist.
1915 - Women in Berlin demonstrate for peace
1916 - Walker Percy, was born (d. 1990). Author.
1917 - Papa John Creech, was born (d. 1994). Musician.
1917 - Morte do arqueólogo argentino Juan Bautista Ambrosetti.
1918 - The first Republic of Armenia declares its statehood.
1918 - Independence day in the Azerbaijan Republic.
1918 - Fundação do Club Atlético Huracán Corrientes - Argentina
1921 - Heinz G. Konsalik, was born (d. 1999). Author.
1922 - Lou Duva, was born. Boxing trainer.
1923 - György Ligeti, was born. Composer.
1923 - Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, was born (d. 1998). Actor, director, producer.
1923 - Henry Kissinger, was born. US presidential advisor
1925 - Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, was born. German baritone.
1925 - Bülent Ecevit, was born. Prime Minister of Turkey .
1926 - Military dictatorship established in Portugal to suppress the unrest of the First Republic. Um golpe militar iniciado em Braga e comandado pelo general Gomes da Costa pôs fim à 1.ª República. Este golpe de Estado promoveu a instauração da ditadura militar em Portugal, a que a revolução de 25 de Abril de 1974 pôs fim.
1930 - The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
1931 - Carroll Baker, was born. Actress .
1933 - Membros do Partido Nacional-Sindicalista, os «camisas azuis» chefiados por Rolão Preto, surgem fardados nas comemorações do 28 de Maio realizadas em Braga.
1934 - The Dionne quintuplets, was born. The world's first surviving quintuplets .
1934 - Near Callender, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1934 - The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
1936 - Betty Shabazz, was born. Civil rights leader and wife of Malcolm X.
1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1937 - Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.
1938 - Osvaldo Romberg, was born. Painter, architect.
1938 - Jerry West, was born. Basketball star .
1940 - World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
1940 - World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik. First allied infantry victory in WW2.
1940 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen dies (b. 1868).
1941 - World War II: North Africa Max Schmeling, German ex-world heavyweight boxing champion, is captured whilst trying to flee British troops in Egypt.
1942 - World War II: In retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1800 people.
1942 - World War II: North AfricaOperation Venezia:Colonel General Erwin Rommel begins his third offensive to push the British back into Egypt.
1944 - Rudy Giuliani, was born. Former mayor of New York City
1944 - Gladys Knight, was born. Singer.
1944 - Billy Vera, was born. Actor/musician
1945 - John Fogerty, was born. Musician ("Creedence Clearwater Revival")
1946 - K. Satchidanandan, was born. Poet.
1947 - Sondra Locke, was born. Actress
1948 - Unity Mitford, dies (b. 1914). Fascist sympathizer.
1949 - Wendy O. Williams, was born (d. 1998). Musician ("The Plasmatics").
1952 - É inaugurado no Porto o Estádio das Antas.
1955 - John McGeoch, was born (d. 4 Mar 2004). Scottish musician, Siouxsie and the Banshees.
1957 - Kirk Gibson, was born. Baseball player.
1961 - Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International. Amnesty International founded - (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)
1962 - Roland Gift, was born. Musician ("Fine Young Cannibals")
1962 - Brandon Cruz, was born. Actor .
1963 - Cyclone hits Chittagong, Bangladesh; about 1 million houses destroyed
1963 - Estimated 22,000 die in another cyclone in Bay of Bengal (India)
1963 - Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st PM of Kenya.
1963 - Em Portugal, o tecto da estação ferroviária do Cais do Sodré desabou provocando um elevado número de mortos e ferido.
1963 - OTAN anuncia a instalação da base de comando da Zona Ibero­Atlântica em Portugal
1964 - Jeff Fenech, was born. Boxer.
1964 - Christa Miller, was born. Actress (The Drew Carey Show, Scrubs).
1964 - The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
1965 - Chris Ballew, was born. Musician.
1968 - Kylie Minogue, was born. Actress and singer.
1968 - Cornelis Theodorus Maria Kees van Dongen, dies (b. 26 Jan 1877). Dutch-born French Fauvist painter and printmaker. He was a member of Die Brücke
1969 - Sound engineer Glyn Johns mixes the second of the Beatles Bootlegs.
1969 - A. C. Milan wins 14th Champions Europe Cup in Madrid
1971 - Audie Murphy, dies (b. 1924). American actor and war hero.
1972 - King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom dies (b. 1894)
1974 - Northern Ireland's power-sharing Sunningdale Agreement collapses following a general strike by loyalists.
1975 - Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos thus creating the Economic Community of West African States.
1975 - Bayern Munchen wins 20th Champions Europe Cup in Paris
1975 - Portugal: - As sedes do MRPP são ocupadas pelo Comando Operacional do Continente (COPCON), comandado por Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho, que prende alguns dos seus dirigentes.
1977 - In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
1977 - Elisabeth Hasselbeck, was born. Television panelist.
1979 - European Market accepts Greece as member
1980 - Mark Feehily, was born. Member of the Irish boyband Westlife
1980 - Nottingham Forrest wins 25th Champions Europe Cup in Madrid
1980 - Rolf Nevanlinna, dies (b. 1895). Mathematician.
1982 - Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
1983 - Hamburger ZV wins 28th Champions Europe Cup in Athens
1986 - Democratic Labor Party wins parliamentary election in Barbados
1987 - 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and will later be released on August 3, 1988.
1987 - A robot probe finds the wreckage of the USS Monitor near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. 1988 - Morte do pintor italiano Alfredo Volpi
1990 - Eugenia Charles' Dom'n Freedom Party wins election in Dominica.
1990 - César Gaviria Trujillo installed as President of Colombia .
1991 - Ethiopians People's Revolutionary Democratic Front capture Addis Ababa.
1991 - Valeriu Muravschi assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Moldávia.
1993 - Billy Conn, dies (b. 1917). Boxer. W orld light heavyweight champion from 1939-41;
1993 - Polish government of Suchocka falls
1993 -Newly independent Eritrea becomes a member of the United Nations.
1994 - Julius Boros, dies (b. 1920). Golfer.
1994 - Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., dies (b. 1916). American magazine writer.
1995 - Neftegorsk, Russia is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake killing at least 2,000 people, 2/3 of the town's population.
1995 - An outbreak of the Ebola virus kills 153 people in Zaire.
1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.
1998 - Phil Hartman, diesd (b. 1948). Actor, comedian.
1999 - In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo de Vinci's newly-restored masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display.
2000 - The volcano Mount Cameroon erupts.
2001 - Francisco Varela, dies (b. 1946). Chilean biologist and philosopher.
2002 - Jean Berger, dies (b. 1909). German-born composer.
2002 - Washington DC's medical examiner declares that Chandra Levy's death was the result of homicide.
2003 - Alexander Heimann, dies. Author.
2003 - Oleg Makarov, dies (b. 1933). Cosmonaut.
2003 - Martha Scott, dies (b. 1912). American actress.
2003 - Ilya Prigogine, dies (b. 1907). Winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry - 1977
2004 - The cable TV channels TechTV and G4 merge.
2004 - Reverend Thomas L. Gross canonically elected Administrator of the Diocese of Honolulu by the diocesan College of Consultors
2004 - Conselho de Governo iraquiano escolhe Iyad Allawi para o cargo de primeiro-ministro.
2004 - Paul McCartney abre o Rock in Rio Lisboa
2004 - Umberto Agnelli, dies (b. 1934). Italian businessman.
Republic Day in Azerbaijan and Armenia (both 1918)