Ah! não ser compreendido é a tortura do Artista!
Ofegante, rompendo os joelhos pelas fragas,
Vê, debalde, fulgir, nas nuvens de ametista,
A miragem do ideal, entre as estrelas magas...
Arqueja; o vendaval de angústias que o contrista
Vem-lhe aos olhos sangrar em tristezas pressagas...
Alça a vista: arde o céu tão longe! Baixa a vista:
Tão longe os corações a rolar como as vagas!
E ele, que tem o azul preso no crânio aflito,
Abre em astros de sangue a noite dos abrolhos,
Ergue constelações de rimas no infinito...
Soluça de aflição no deserto profundo,
Tendo os astros no olhar e a noite sobre os olhos,
Tendo os mundos nas mãos sem nada ter no Mundo!...
Moacyr Gomes de Almeida (nasceu a 22 de abril de 1902, Rio de Janeiro, RJ e faleceu a 30 de abril de 1925, Rio de Janeiro)
Ah! não ser compreendido é a tortura do Artista!
● 0065 - Lucan dies (b. 0039). Roman poet.
● 0311 - Galerius Valerius Maximianus lança um edito sob o qual os cristãos são reconhecidos legalmente no Império Romano.
● 0313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
● 0418 - Roman Emperor Honorius (who ruled 395 - 423) issued a decree denouncing Pelagianism, which taught that humanity can take the initial and fundamental steps toward salvation by its own efforts, apart from divine grace.
● 0711 - Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
● 1006 - Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
● 1063 - Emperor Renzong of China dies (b. 1010).
● 1064 - German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland.
● 1245 - King Philip III of France was born (d. 1285).
● 1250 - King Louis IX of France was ransomed for one million dollars.
● 1309 - Kazimierz III, the Great, was born. King of Poland (1333-70).
● 1315 – Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon.
● 1341 - John III of Dreux dies (b. 1285). Duke of Brittany.
● 1349 - Jewish community at Radolszell Germany, exterminated.
● 1396 - Crusaders & earl of Nevers depart from Dijon.
● 1439 - Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick dies (b. 1382). English military leader.
● 1483 - Orbital calculations suggest that on this day Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503.
● 1492 - Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
● 1504 - Francesco Primaticcio (or Primatice, Primadizzi) di Bologna, was born (d. 1570). Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, draftsman, stuccoist, and architect, active in France.
● 1524 - Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, dies (b. 1473). French soldier.
● 1531 - O português Martin Alonso de Souza desembarca no lugar que mais tarde seria a cidade de Rio de Janeiro.
● 1536 - A Inquisição é instalada em Portugal.
● 1544 - Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England.
● 1553 - Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont was born (d. 1601). Queen of France.
● 1555 - Pope Marcellus II dies (b. 1501).
● 1623 - François de Laval was born (d. 1708). First bishop of New France.
● 1632 - Johan Tzerclaes dies. Count of Tilly (b. 1559). Bavarian general.
● 1642 - Dmitry Pozharsky dies (b. 1578). Russian prince.
● 1651 - Jean-Baptiste de la Salle was born (d. 1719). French educational reformer, Catholic saint.
● 1655 - Eustache Le Sueur (or Lesyeur, Lesueur) dies (b. 19 Nov 1617). Parisian painter and draftsman. He was one of the most important painters of historical, mythological and religious pictures in 17th-century France and one of the founders of French classicism. He was long considered the ‘French Raphael’ and the equal of Nicolas Poussin and Charles Le Brun.
● 1657 - Jacques de Stella dies (b. 19 Sep 1596). French painter, draftsman, and engraver. Stella is an example of a painter who was a star, enjoying great esteem in his lifetime, both as an artist and a patron (of Nicolas Poussin), but whose work is no longer specially appreciated
● 1660 - Petrus Scriverius dies (b. 1576). Dutch writer.
● 1662 - Queen Mary II of England was born (d. 1694).
● 1664 - François Louis, Prince of Conti was born (d. 1709). French general.
● 1671 - Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
● 1696 - Robert Plot dies (b. 1640). British naturalist.● 1710 - Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée was born (d. 1795). Bavarian general.
● 1712 - Philipp van Limborch dies (b. 1633). Dutch Protestant theologian.
● 1721 - Roger Sherman was born (d. 1793). American statesman.
● 1723 - Mathurin Jacques Brisson was born (d. 1806). French naturalist.
● 1729 - Chevalier Pierre-Jacques-Antoine Volaire was born. French painter.
● 1736 - Johann Albert Fabricius dies (b. 1668). German classical scholar and bibliographer.
● 1743 - Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo dies. Peruvian playwright and poet
● 1755 - Jean-Baptiste Oudry dies (b. 17 Mar 1686).French artist specialized in Animals. specialized in Animals.
● 1758 - François d'Agincourt dies (b. 1684). French composer
● 1770 - David Thompson was born (d. 1857). Canadian explorer.
● 1774 Yellow Creek massacre, British settlers (soon to be American settlers) massacre family members of Chief Logan and spark off the conflict known as Lord Dunmore's War
● 1776 - Nicolas Rodríguez Peña was born. Argentine independency heroe.
● 1777 - Carl Friedrich Gauss was born (d. 1855). German mathematician, astronomer and physicist.
● 1789 - On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
● 1792 - John Montagu dies (b. 1718). Supposed inventor of the sandwich.
● 1794 - The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
● 1795 - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy dies (b. 1716). French writer and numismatist.
● 1798 - Charles-Auguste van den Berghe was born (d. 17 Nov 1853). French painter.
● 1803 - Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana
● 1808 - 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri.
● 1812 - The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
● 1812 - Kaspar Hauser was born (d. 1833). German mystery boy.
● 1824 - D. Miguel é derrotado ao liderar golpe militar em Portugal.
● 1829 - Ferdinand von Hochstetter was born (d. 1884). Austrian geologist.
● 1835 - Franz von Defregger was born (d. 02 Jan 1921). Austrian academic painter.
● 1838 - Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation
● 1839 - Floriano Peixoto (Marechal Floriano Vieira Peixoto) was born in Ipioca, Maceió. 3th President of Brazil (23 Nov 1891 a 15 Nov 1894).
● 1840 - Júlio de Castilho was born in Lisbon (d. 8 Feb 1919). Portuguese memorialist, historian and diplomat.
● 1841 - Birth of Orville J. Nave, the U.S. Armed Services chaplain who compiled the "Nave's Topical Bible" -- still in print!
● 1845 - Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins was born. Portuguese historian / Nascimento de Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins, historiador autodidacta, socialista, defensor mais tarde da instauração de um regime autoritário, será um dos membros da «Geração de 70» do século XIX.
● 1847 - Archduke Charles dies (b. 1771). Austrian general.
● 1849 - The republican patriot and guerrilla leader Giuseppe Garabaldi repulsed a French attack on Rome.
● 1854 - Inauguração por D. Pedro II da Primeira Ferrovia Brasileira, a Estrada de Ferro Mauá, no Rio de Janeiro-RJ.
● 1856 - Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against northamerican mercenaries.
● 1857 - San Jose State University forms.
● 1857 - Eugene Bleuler was born (d. 1940). Swiss psychiatrist.
● 1860 - Navaho Indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby).
● 1861 - President Abraham Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory.
● 1862 - Swift Run Gap WV skirmishes.
● 1863 - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
● 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Jenkin's Ferry - Retreating Union troops led by General Frederick Steele repel Confederate forces under General Edmund Kirby Smith.
● 1864 - Work began on the Dams along the Red River. The work would allow Union General Nathaniel Banks' troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
● 1864 - New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
● 1864 - Battle of Jenkins' Ferry AR; General William Read Scurry is killed
● 1864 - Juhan Liiv was born (d. 1913). Estonian poet.
● 1865 - Max Nettlau was born (d. 1944). German anarchist.
● 1865 - General Shermans "Haines's Bluff" at Snyder's Mill VA
● 1865 - Robert Fitzroy dies (b. 1805). English admiral and meteorologist.
● 1867 - Burton Mossman was born (d. 1956). Arizona Ranger.
● 1867 - Death of Ithamar Conkey, 52, a popular 19th century English bass vocalist. He also composed the hymn-tune RATHBUN to which we sing today, "In the Cross of Christ I Glory."
● 1868 - Maciel_Monteiro was born in Recife (PE) (d. 5 Jun 1868). Brazilian poet, politician and diplomat.
● 1869 - Hans Poelzig was born (d. 1936). German architect.
● 1870 - Franz Lehár was born (d. 1948). Austrian composer.
● 1871 - Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory. 144 surrendering Apaches are killed by white and Mexican adventurers.
● 1871 - Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
● 1874 - Cyriel Verschaeve was born (d. 1949). Belgian clergyman.
● 1875 - Inauguração do Hospital de Niños - Buenos Aires.
● 1875 - Jean Frederic Waldeck dies (b. 1766). French explorer, lithographer and cartographer.
● 1876 - Orso Mario Corbino was born (d. 1937). Italian physicist.
●1877 - Alice B. Toklas was born (d. 1967). American companion of Gertrude Stein
●1883 - Indalecio Prieto was born in Oviedo (d. 1962). Spanish socialist politician.
●1883 - Jaroslav Hašek was born (d. 1923). Czech novelist.
●1883 - Édouard Manet dies (b. 23 Jan 1832). French Realist Impressionist painter and printmaker. Manet made the transition from the realism of Gustave Courbet to Impressionism. [The Spanish Singer ; The Picnic; Luncheon in the Studio; Olympia; The Café; La modiste;].
● 1888 - Hailstones kill about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi India
● 1888 - Kiyotaka Kuroda becomes Prime Miniser of Japan
● 1888 - John Crowe Ransom was born (d. 1974). American poet and critic.
● 1889 - 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
● 1889 - The first national holiday in the United States was celebrated. The citizens of the U.S. observed the centennial of George Washington’s inauguration.
● 1889 - Ellis Wilson was born. Artist
● 1893 - Joachim von Ribbentrop was born (d. 1946). Nazi foreign minister.
● 1894 - Coxey's Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
● 1895 - Philippe Panneton was born (d. 1960). French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer.
● 1896 - Hans List was born (d. 1996). Austrian inventor.
● 1897 - Humberto (Duarte) Mauro was born in Volta Grande - MG. Brazilian actor and film director.
● 1897 - O físico britânico Joseph John Thompson anuncia o descobrimento do elétron, partícula elementar do átomo.
● 1898 - Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr. was born. Reporter, columnist, author, lecturer.
● 1900 - Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
● 1900 - Casey Jones dies attempting to save the runaway train Cannonball Express.
● 1900 - Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor. This was done without the consent of the Hawaiians of course.
● 1900 - Train engineer John Luther "Casey" Jones of the Illinois Central Railroad died in a wreck near Vaughan, Miss., after staying at the controls in an effort to save the passengers. (The event was immortalized in song).
● 1901 - Simon Kuznets was born (d. 1985). Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate.
● 1902 - Theodore Schultz was born (d. 1998). American economist, Nobel laureate.
● 1902 - Theodore Schultz, the American economist who won a Nobel Prize for his important studies of the human factor in the workplace, was born.
● 1903 - Emily Stowe dies (b. 1831). Canadian physician and suffragist.
● 1904 - The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in Saint Louis, Missouri.
● 1904 - The ice cream cone makes its debut.
● 1904 - Birth of John T. Benson, Jr, religious composer and former president of Heartwarming Music in Nashville. His best-known sacred composition was the hymn, "Love Lifted Me."
● 1905 - The French psychologist, Alfred Binet, explained his new ‘intelligence tests’.
● 1907 - Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
● 1908 - Eve Arden [Eunice Quedens] was born (d.12 Nov 1990). Emmy Award-winning actress: Our Miss Brooks , Anatomy of a Murder, Grease, Stage Door, Tea for Two.
● 1908 - Bjarni Benediktsson was born (d. 1970). Icelandic foreign and later prime minister.
● 1909 - Queen Juliana of the Netherlands was born (d. 2004).
● 1909 - F. E. McWilliam was born (d. 1992). Northern Irish sculptor.
● 1910 - Al Lewis was born. Actor (The Munsters).
● 1911 - Luise Rinser was born. (d. 17 Mar 2002). German writer.
● 1911 - Portugal approves woman suffrage.
● 1912 - América Futebol Clube (Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil) is founded.
● 1914 - Carlos Lacerda was born (d. 1977). Brazilian journalist, writer and politician.
● 1914 - Dorival Caymmi was born in Salvador, Bahia. Brazilian singer and composer.
● 1914 - Vermont Royster was born (d. 22 Jul 1996). Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, editor: The Wall Street Journal; columnist: Thinking Things Over; author: Journey through the Soviet Union, A Pride of Prejudices, My Own, My Country’s Time: A Journalist’s Journey.
● 1916 - Claude Shannon was born (d. 2001). The "father" of information theory .
● 1916 - Robert Shaw was born (d. 25 Jan 1999). American conductor [Robert Show Chorale; music director of Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus].
● 1917 - American Friends Service Committee founded.
● 1919 - Germany - Troops crush the revolutionaries who have declared a Republic in Bavaria state; over the next three days they will kill over 700.
● 1920 - Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
● 1920 - Duncan Hamilton was born (d. 1994). British racing driver.
● 1921 - Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
● 1921 - George Crowe was born. American baseball player.
● 1923 - Al Lewis was born (d. 2006). American actor.
● 1923 - Percy Heath was born (d. 2005). American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet).
● 1923 - Francis Tucker was born (d. 2008). South African Rally Driver.
● 1925 - Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for USD $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
● 1925 - Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg was elected the first President of Germany.
● 1925 - Johnny Horton was born (d. 1960). American musician.
● 1925 - Corinne Calvet was born (d. 2001). French actress.
● 1925 - Moacyr de Almeida dies (b. 22 Apr. 1902). Brazilian poet.
● 1926 - Cloris Leachman was born in Des Moines, Iowa - USA. Academy Award-winning actress: The Last Picture Show ; Emmy Award-winner: A Brand New Life [1972-73], The Mary Tyler Moore Show [1973-74], Cher [1974-75], Screen Actor’s Guild 50th Anniversary Celebration [1983-84]; Phyllis, Backstairs at the White House, The Facts of Life.
● 1927 - Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
● 1927 - The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia as the first women's federal prison in the United States.
● 1927 - Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
● 1928 - Cherkess Autonomous Region is established in RSFSR (until 1957)
● 1929 - Earnest Streeruwitz becomes chancellor of Austria
● 1928 - Hugh Hood was born (d. 2000). Canadian author.
● 1929 - Klausjürgen Wussow was born. German television actor.
● 1930 - The Soviet Union proposed a military alliance with France and Great Britain.
● 1930 - Lawton Chiles was born (d. 1998). American politician.
● 1931 - The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opened.
● 1931 - António Cabral was born in Castedo do Douro, Alijó (d. 23 Oct. 2007). Portuguese poet ande essayst.
● 1933 - Dickie Davies was born. British television presenter.
● 1933 - Willie Nelson was born in Abbott, Texas. American country musician, composer and actor who won the 1989 Grammy Living Legend Award.
● 1933 - Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, dies assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza.
● 1934 - Austrian gets "Austrian facist" constitution.
● 1934 - Jerry Lordan was born (d. 1995). English composer and singer.
● 1935 - World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
● 1935 - José Fialho Gouveia was born in Montijo (d. 2 Out 2004). Portuguese TV and radio personality.
● 1936 - Alfred Edward Housman dies (b. 1859). English poet.
● 1938 - The animated cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
● 1938 - The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
● 1938 - Gary Collins was born. Actor. Gary Collins Official Web Page.
● 1938 - Juraj Jakubisko was born. Slovak film director.
● 1938 - Larry Niven was born. American science fiction author.
● 1938 - The cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt, debuts in movie theaters, introducing Bugs Bunny.
● 1939 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television.
● 1939 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television. He was opening the New York World's Fair, billed as a look at "the world of tomorrow."
● 1939 - The first railroad car equipped with fluorescent lights was put into service. The train car was known as the "General Pershing Zephyr."
● 1939 - The 1939 New York World's Fair opens.
● 1939 - RCA owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World's Fair broadcast.
● 1940 - Burt Young was born. American actor.
● 1940 - Belle Martell was licensed in California by state boxing officials. She was the first American woman, prizefight referee.
● 1941 - Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
● 1941 - Johnny Farina was born. American musician (Santo and Johnny)
● 1941 - Edwin Porter dies (b. 1870). Film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company
● 1942 - 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc WI
● 1943 - Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
● 1943 - World War II: Operation Mincemeat - The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. 1943 - Bobby Vee was born. American singer.
● 1943 - Frederick Chiluba was born. Zambian president (1991-2001).
● 1943 - Otto Jespersen dies (b. 1860). Danish philologist.
● 1943 - Beatrice Webb dies (b. 1858). British economist.
● 1944 - Jill Clayburgh was born. American actress.
● 1944 - Richard Schoff was born. Singer (The Sandpipers).
● 1945 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day.
● 1945 - Concentration camp München-Allag freed
● 1945 - Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks
● 1945 - Red Army occupies Demmin
● 1945 - Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
● 1945 - Russian Army frees Ravensbrück concentration camp
● 1945 - US troops attack the Elbe
● 1945 - The morning radio program Arthur Godfrey Time, starring Arthur Godfrey, debuts.
● 1945 - Annie Dillard was born. American writer.
● 1945 - Michael Smith was born (d. 1986). American astronaut.
● 1945 - Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun die (suicide).
● 1946 - Ulla Hahn was born. Lyricist.
● 1946 - King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden was born.
● 1946 - Don Schollander was born. American swimmer, Olympic gold medalist- Olympic Hall of Famer: 1st swimmer to win 4 gold medals in one Olympics , also won two gold in 1968; International Swimming Hall of Famer: set 8 world records in the 400-meter freestyle and 9 in the 200-meter in his career; Sullivan Award (U.S. outstanding athlete  ).
● 1946 - Bill Plympton was born. American animator.
● 1946 - Brasil: Proibição do JOGO (Decreto Lei nº 9215 de 30 de abril de 1946 - Governo Dutra) e encerramento de todos os Casinos do país.
● 1947 - In Nevada Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam again.
● 1947 - Finn Kalvik was born. Norwegian singer.
● 1947 - Leslie Grantham was born. English actor/murderer.
● 1947 - Mats Odell was born. Swedish politician.
● 1947 - Tom Køhlert was born. Brondby IF coach.
● 1948 - In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
● 1948 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.
● 1948 - The Land Rover is unveiled at the Amsterdam Auto Show.
● 1948 - Allan Arkush was born. American film director.
● 1948 - José Nuno Martins was born in Fratel. Portuguese radio and TV personality. ● 1948 - Marco Nanini was born in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian actor.
● 1948 - Perry King was born. American actor.
● 1949 - Phil Garner was born. Baseball manager.
● 1949 - Antonio Guterres was born. Prime Minister of Portugal / Nascimento de António Guterres. Político do Partido Socialista e Primeiro-ministro português (1995 - 2000).
● 1952 - Anne Frank published in English; The British public gets the chance to read The Diary of a Young Girl, written by Anne Frank who hid from the Nazis in Holland during the war.
● 1952 - Jacques Audiard was born. French film director.
● 1953 - The British West Indian colonies agreed on the formation of the British Caribbean Federation that would eventually become a self-governing unit in the British Commonwealth.
● 1953 - Marie Osmond was born. Singer (The Osmonds).
● 1954 - Jane Campion was born in Wellington. New Zealand film director
● 1955 - Nicolas Hulot was born. French journalist and author.
● 1955 - Element 101, Mendelevium, announced.
● 1955 - Imperial Bank of India nationalized
● 1955 - West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages
● 1956 - Alben W. Barkley dies (b. 1877). Vice President of the United States. ● 1956 - Jorge Chaminé was born. Portuguese baritone.
● 1956 - Lars von Trier was born. Danish film director.
● 1958 - Charles Berling was born. French actor, director and screenwriter.
● 1959 - Stephen Harper was born. Prime Minister of Canada.
● 1959 - Paul Gross was born. Canadian actor, director, and writer.
● 1959 - Stephen Harper was born. Prime Minister of Canada
● 1959 - W. Thomas Smith Jr. was born. American author and columnist
● 1960 - Kerry Healey was born. American politician.
● 1961 - Isiah Thomas was born. American basketball player, coach, owner.
● 1961 - Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize.
● 1961 - 1st shuttle flights between Washington DC, Boston MA & New York NY begin (Eastern).
● 1961 - Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
● 1962 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to an altitude of 75,190 meters
● 1962 - Robert Reynolds was born. Country musician (The Mavericks).
● 1962 - Norway applies for membership of the European Community.
● 1963 - Michael Waltrip was born. American race car driver.
● 1964 - The FCC ruled that all TV receivers should be equipped to receive both VHF and UHF channels.
● 1964 - Albert Margai becomes Prime-Minister of Sierra Leone.
● 1964 - Barrington Levy was born. Jamaican Reggae and dancehall musician.
● 1964 - Ian Healy was born. Australian cricketer.
● 1965 - Adrian Pasdar was born. American actor.
● 1966 - Havasupai tribe in Grand Canyon reject BIA proposal to "modernize" tribal town of Supai, Arizona with roads, chairlift and helicopter service.
● 1966 - The Church of Satan is founded.
● 1966 - Margarida Pinto Correia was born in Lisboa. Portuguese writer. President of Fundação do Gil. Director of Cosmopolitan.
● 1966 - Anton LaVey founds the Church of Satan.
● 1966 - Jeff Brown was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
● 1967 - Highest tower in the world finished, 537 meters (USSR).
● 1967 - Turbo B was born. Rapper (Snap).
● 1968 - U.S. Marines attacked a division of North Vietnamese in the village of Dai Do.
● 1969 - Paulo Jr. was born. Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
● 1969 - Clark Vogeler was born. American musician (The Toadies).
● 1970 - Announcement of secret U.S. bombing and invasion of previously neutral Cambodia prompts demonstrations at college campuses across U.S. Four days before Kent State, National Guard troops fire shotguns on protesters at Ohio State University in Columbus, injuring seven. One thousand march in downtown Seattle; protesters trash ROTC offices at the University of Washington.
● 1970 - A Guerra do Vietname espalha-se ao Camboja. O presidente norte-americano Richard Nixon revela que tropas dos Estados Unidos e do Vietname do Sul foram enviadas ao Camboja para destruir as bases dos vietnamitas comunistas.
● 1970 - Inger Stevens dies (b. 1934). Swedish actress.
● 1971 - Portugal: o Decreto-Lei n.º 178/71 cria o Instituto de Acção Social Escolar ● 1971 - Darren Emerson was born. English DJ (Underworld) .
● 1971 - John Boyne was born. Irish novelist.
● 1971 - Carolyn Dawn Johnson was born. Country singer.
● 1971 - Chris Henderson was born. Rock musician (3 Doors Down).
● 1971 - Clark Vogeler was born. Rock musician.
● 1971 - Chris "Choc" Dalyrimple was born. R&B singer (Soul for Real).
● 1972 - One thousand rally on Mercer Island to protest Soviet mistreatment of Jews.
● 1972 - The North Vietnamese launched an invasion of the South.
● 1972 - Lisa Dean Ryan was born. Actress.
● 1972 - J.R. Richards was born. Singer (Dishwalla)
● 1973 - Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
● 1973 - Jeff Timmons was born. R&B singer (98 Degrees)
● 1973 - Akon was born. R& B singer
● 1973 – Václav Renc dies (b. 1911). Czech poet, dramatist and translator.
● 1974 - Agnes Moorehead dies (b. 1900). American actress.
● 1974 - Portuguese Comunist leader Álvaro Cunhal returns to Portugal after his exile.
● 1974 - Mikey Chan was born. Australian musician.
● 1975 - Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
● 1975 - Elliott Sadler was born. American race car driver.
● 1975 - Mike Chat was born. American actor.
● 1975 - Johnny Galecki was born. Actor.
● 1975 - Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops occupy Saigão, ending the war / Tropas do Vietname do Norte capturam Saigão e o presidente do Vietname do Sul, Duong Van Minh, se rende aos comunistas. Neste mesmo dia, tropas norte-americanas se retiram de Saigão, que é renomeada de Cidade de Ho Chi Minh.
● 1976 - Muhammad Ali beats Jimmy Young in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
● 1976 - España: se estrena el filme de Charlie Chaplin El gran dictador, rodado en 1940.
● 1976 - Amanda Palmer was born. American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
● 1977 - Jeannie Haddaway was born. American politician.
● 1978 - Tom Fulp was born. Computer artist, creator and owner of Newgrounds
● 1980 - Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London.
● 1980 - Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands after abdication of Queen Juliana.
● 1980 - Luis Muñoz Marín dies (b. 1898). Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician.
● 1981 - 16th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell and George Jones win.
● 1981 - John O'Shea was born. Irish footballer
● 1981 - Peter Huchel dies. German poet.
● 1982 - Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador
● 1982 - Iranian offensive in Khusistan.
● 1982 - Kirsten Dunst was born in Point Pleasant, New Jersey. American star actress (Interview with the Vampire).
● 1982 - Lloyd Banks was born. American rapper
● 1982 - Andrew Seeley was born. Canadian actor and singer
● 1982 - Lester Bangs dies (b. 1949). American music journalist, author, musician.
● 1983 - Jae Millz was born. Dominican African American Rapper
● 1983 - Troy Williamson was born. American football player
● 1983 - George Balanchine dies (b. 1904). Russian-born dancer and choreographer.
● 1983 - Michael Jackson's song "Beat It" hits number 1 on the Billboard music charts.
● 1983 - Muddy Waters dies (b. 1915). American blues musician.
● 1984 - U.S. President Reagan signed cultural and scientific agreements with China. He also signed a tax accord that would make it easier for American companies to operate in China.
● 1984 - Rashid Abdul Hamid Karami takes place (8th time) of the seat of the Prime-Minister of Lebanon.
● 1984 - Shawn Daivari was born. Persian-American professional wrestler and manager.
● 1984 - Tyler Wilkinson, Country singer (The Wilkinsons)
● 1985 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.
● 1985 - Last edition of Brink Daily Mail/Sunday Express in South Africa.
● 1985 - Miss Alex White was born. American musician.
● 1985 - George Pravda dies (b. 1918). Czechoslovakian actor.
● 1985 - Charles Francis Richter dies (b. 1900). American seismologist.
● 1986 - First use of CS gas against anti-nuclear demonstrators, Wackersdorf, West Germany.
● 1987 - Nicaraguan Minister, Miguel d'Escoto, receives Lenine Prize for Peace.
● 1987 - Harri Holkeri assume o cargo de primeiro-ministro da Finlândia.
● 1987 - Nikki Webster was born. Australian entertainer.
● 1988 - In Dublin, Ireland, Céline Dion wins the thirty-third Eurovision Song Contest for Switzerland singing "Ne partez pas sans moi" (Don't leave without me).
● 1988 - Rita Wilson /Tom Hanks marriage.
● 1988 - French-Canadian singer Céline Dion wins the Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin, Ireland in front of 600 million viewers, representing Switzerland with the song Ne partez pas sans moi
● 1989 - Pope John Paul II beatifies Victoire Rasoamanarivo of Madagascar.
● 1989 - Sergio Leone dies (b. 1929). Italian filmmaker (Good, Bad and Ugly).
● 1989 - Yi, Bang-ja dies (b. 1901).Crown Princess of Korea.
● 1991 - A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh killing an estimated 138,000 people.
● 1991 - Em Portugal, utilizou-se pela primeira vez a acumpuctura como meio anestesiante.
● 1992 - The last episode of the Cosby Show airs.
● 1992 - A Univ. of Washington rally protesting the verdict acquitting Rodney King's assailants marches off campus and downtown via Interstate 5. Two nights of angry disturbances in Seattle result in five injuries and dozens of arrests.
● 1992 - First British Trident submarine launched, Barrow-in-Burness, Britain.
● 1993 - CERN announces that the World Wide Web will be free to everyone.
● 1993 - During a changeover at a tennis tournament in Hamburg, Germany, Monica Seles is stabbed in the back by a deranged fan of rival Steffi Graf. Seles would not play competitively for more than two years after the incident.
● 1993 - The World Wide Web was born at CERN.
● 1993 - Virgin Radio broadcasts for the first time in the United Kingdom
● 1993 - Tommy Caton dies (b. 1962). English footballer.
● 1994 - In Dublin, Ireland, Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan win the thirty-ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing "Rock'n'Roll Kids".
● 1994 - Soccer great Pele (53) weds psychologist Assiria Seixas Lemos (36)
● 1994 - Roland Ratzenberger dies (b. 1960). Austrian race car driver.
● 1994 - Richard Scarry dies (b. 1919). American author.
● 1995 - U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland.
● 1995 - Colômbia torna-se membro da Organização Mundial do Comércio
● 1995 - Maung Maung Kha dies (b. 1920). Prime minister of Burma.
● 1996 - About 120 activists arrested over the next eight days in Washington, D.C., in support of a White House fast by Sister Diana Ortiz. Ortiz was kidnapped, tortured, and raped by Guatemalan Army officers in 1989; she was fasting to demand that the U.S. government release information on her assailants.
● 1996 - Dutch/Italian Beppo-SAX launches from Cape Canaveral.
● 1996 - David Opatoshu dies (b. 1918). American actor.
● 1996 - Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro dies. President of Guatemala (1966-70).
● 1997 - Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes
● 1997 - President Bill Clinton's daughter Chelsea chooses to attend Stanford College
● 1997 - Tajik President Imomali Rakhmonov wounded in assassination attempt
● 1997 - Ellen DeGeneres comes out of the closet on her sitcom Ellen (which originally aired on ABC this day).
● 1998 - La policía detiene al croata Dinko Sakic en la provincia de Buenos Aires. Estuvo frente del campo de concentración de Jasenovac, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
● 1998 - NATO was expanded to include Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic. The three nations were formally admitted the following April at NATO's 50th anniversary summit.
● 1998 - United and Delta airlines announced their alliance that would give them control of 1/3 of all U.S. passenger seats.
● 1998 - In the U.S., Federal regulators fined a contractor $2.25 million for improper handling of oxygen canisters on ValuJet that crashed in the Florida Everglades in 1996.
● 1998 - Nizar Qabbani dies (b. 1926). Syrian poet.
● 1999 - NATO membership expands by approving the admission of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland (the nations will be formally admitted following NATO's 50th anniversary summit next April).
NATO aircraft destroy the Belgrade-Azala Tower.
● 1999 - Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
● 1999 - Dozens injured in Soho nail bomb; Two people are killed and at least 30 injured in the third nail-bomb attack in London in two weeks.
● 1999 - Neo-nazi bomber David Copeland detonates his third bomb in front of the Admiral Duncan pub and is arrested the night after.
● 2001 - Dennis Tito, the first space tourist in space lifts off in a Russian rocket heading for the International Space Station.
● 2001 - Chandra Levy, a former intern to California Congressman Gary Condit, is last seen in Washington, DC.
● 2001 - The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
● 2002 - A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.
● 2002 - Cuba signs Protocolo of Kyoto.
● 2002 - General Motors compra a fabricante sul-coreana de carros Daewoo
● 2002 - Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón was born. Spanish royal.
● 2002 - Charlotte von Mahlsdorf dies (b. 1928). Founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf.
● 2003 - Mahmoud Abbas took office as the first Palestinian prime minister. International mediators presented Israeli and Palestinian leaders with a "road map" to peace.
● 2003 - The U.S. Navy withdrew from its disputed Vieques bombing range in Puerto Rico.
● 2003 - The United States declares official end to combat operations in Iraq.
● 2003 - Peter 'Possum' Bourne dies (b. 1956). New Zealand race car driver, 3-time Asia-Pacific Rally champion.
● 2003 - Wim van Est dies (b. 1923). Dutch cyclist.
● 2003 - Mark Berger dies (b. 1955). University of Kentucky professor.
● 2004 - Former NBA star Jayson Williams was acquitted of aggravated manslaughter in the shotgun slaying of a limousine driver at his New Jersey mansion, but found guilty of trying to cover up the shooting.
● 2004 - U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
● 2005 - Missing Georgia woman Jennifer Wilbanks turned up in Albuquerque, N.M., originally claiming to have been abducted but then admitting she was a "runaway bride."
● 2005 - Ron Todd dies (b. 1927). TGWU General Secretary (1985 - 1992).
● 2006 - Trapped miners Brant Webb and Todd Russell at Beaconsfield, Tasmania are found alive after being unaccounted for for five days.
● 2006 - Jean-François Revel dies (b. 1924). French philosopher, writer and journalist.
● 2006 - Lawrence Patrick dies. Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
● 2007 - Last day when it is legal to smoke in a public building in Northern Ireland
● 2007 - Grégory Lemarchal dies (b. 1983). French singer
● 2007 - Kevin Mitchell dies (b. 1971). American football player
● 2007 - Tom Poston dies (b. 1921). American actor.
● 2007 - Gordon Scott dies (b. 1927). American actor.
● 2007 - Zola Taylor dies (b. 1938). American singer.
● 2008 - Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.
● 2008 - John Cargher dies (b. 1919). Australian radio broadcaster.
● Sweden - Birthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day
● The Netherlands - Queen's Day
● Roman Empire - third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora
● Vietnam - Liberation Day.
● Mexico - Children's Day.
● Brazil: Women National Day /Dia Nacional da Mulher.
● Walpurgis Night - Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe.
● Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
● Czech Republic and Slovakia.
● Carodejnice - witches' night.
The holiday was introduced in 1982 by the International Dance Committee of the UNESCO International Theatre Institute. The date was suggested by Pyotr Gusev to commemorate the birthday of Jean-Georges Noverre.
CID holds to the philosophy that everyone can dance. Dance Day 2009 is dedicated to inclusive dance. Let us include all members of society into our classes and our performances.
Know more here
webmaster note: I want learn how to dance ... (specially with my favourite actress Michelle Pfeiffer whose birthday is today! Teach me dear Michelle)!
O amor tem uma música que nasce das
catorze linhas que se encontram entre os
dedos que escrevem o soneto e os lábios
que o lêem. Toco esta música quando
desenho o teu rosto, e começo a seguir
a linha que se solta dos teus lábios para
ver se chego ao horizonte do teu corpo,
onde o verso dobra o círculo de um
horizonte imprevisível. E dás-me o outro
lado da vida, para que eu descubra
o continente em que o sol nunca se põe,
as ilhas quentes de um calor de pássaros,
e o rumor incessante da maré a que a
tua voz roubou a espuma de um murmúrio.
in Os dias do Amor, Um poema para cada dia do ano. Recolha, selecção e organização de Inês Ramos, Prefácio de Henrtique Manuel Bento Fialho
Nuno Júdice (nasceu em Mexilhoeira Grande, Portimão a 29 de Abril de 1949)
- 0711 Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
- 1429 - Joan of Arc, a 17-year-old French peasant convinced she has a divine mission to expel the British from France, leads troops into the besieged city of Orléans / Joana D´Arc, uma camponesa de 17 anos, lidera tropas francesas e vence os ingleses na Batalha de Orleans, durante a Guerra dos Cem Anos.
- 1594 - Thomas Cooper dies. English bishop, lexicographer and writer
- 1623 - 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru.
- 1630 - Agrippa d'Aubigné dies (b. 1552). French poet.
- 1658 - John Cleveland dies (b. 1613). English poet.
- 1665 - James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde was born (d. 1745). Irish statesman and soldier.
- 1667 - John Arbuthnot was born (d. 1735). English physician and satirist.
- 1670 - Pope Clemens X elected.
- 1672 - Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
- 1675 - Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini was born (d. 05 Nov 1741) Venitian painter.
- 1676 - Michiel de Ruyter dies (b. 1607). Dutch admiral.
- 1686 - Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven was born (d. 1742). English statesman.
- 1688 - Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg dies (b. 1620).
- 1698 - Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis dies (b. 1655). First Lord of the British Admiralty.
- 1707 - Escocia e Inglaterra se unen formando el Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña.
- 1707 - George Farquhar dies (b. 1678). Irish dramatist.
- 1727 - Jean-Georges Noverre was born (d. 1810). French dancer and creator of modern ballet.
- 1743 - Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre dies (b. 1658). French writer.
- 1758 - Georg Carl von Döbeln was born (d. 1820). Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero.
- 1762 - Jean-Baptiste Jourdan was born (d. 1833). French marshal.
- 1768 - Georg Brandt dies (b. 1694). Swedish chemist and minerologist.
- 1776 - Edward Wortley Montagu dies (b. 1713). English traveler and writer.
- 1780 - Charles Nodier was born (d. 1844). French writer.
- 1782 - Richard Kempenfelt dies (b. 1718). Royal Navy Admiral.
- 1783 - David Cox was born (d. 07 Jun 1783). English painter (Treatise on landscape painting). He was an eminent landscape painter both in watercolor and in oil.
- 1793 - John Michell dies (b. 1724). English scientist.
- 1798 - Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus dies (b. 1723). German entomologist.
- 1813 - Rubber is patented.
- 1818 - Alexander II was born. Emperor of Russia.
- 1821 - Domingo de Azcuénaga dies. Argentine jurist, poet and fabulist.
- 1832 - Évariste Galois released from prison.
- 1837 - Georges Boulanger was born (d. 1891). French general and politician.
- 1842 - Karl Millöcker was born (d. 1899). Dutch composer.
- 1843 - Pedro Américo de Figueiredo e Melo was born. Brazilian painter.
- 1848 - Theodore Blake Wirgman was born in Louvain (d. 16 Jan 1925 in London). Swiss painter and etcher, active in England.
- 1854 - The Ashmun Institute is officially chartered, becoming the first college for African American students.
- 1854 - Henri Poincaré was born. French phisicyst and mathematician.
- 1854 - Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey dies (b. 1768). English general.
- 1856 - End of Crimean War.
- 1861 - Achille Guillaume Lauge was born (d. 02 Jun 1944). French artist; a very prolific artist, painted compositions, landscapes, portraits, and flowers.
- 1861 - José María Obando dies. Colombian statesman.
- 1862 - José Alfredo Ferreira was born. Argentine educator and politician.
- 1863 – Constantine P. Cavafy was born (d. 1933). Greek poet.
- 1863 – Maria Theresa Ledochowska was born (d. 1922). Polish-Austrian Catholic nun.
- 1863 - William Randolph Hearst was born in S. Francisco (d. 1851). American publisher. American publisher and political figure, who built up the country's largest chain of newspapers.
- 1870 - D. Pedro IV statue is inaugurated in Lisbon at Rossio.
- 1872 - Manolo Hugué was born. Sculptor.
- 1872 - Harry Payne Whitney was born (d. 1930). American businessman.
- 1875 - Rafael Sabatini was born (d. 1950). Italian/British writer.
- 1876 - Empress Zauditu of Ethiopia was born (d. 1930).
- 1876 - Ulises Francisco Espaillat assume a presidência da República Dominicana.
- 1879 - Sir Thomas Beecham was born (d. 1961). English conductor.
- 1882 - Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman was born (d. 1945). Dutch artist and printer.
- 1885 - Portugal: Theatre Sá de Miranda is inaugurated in Viana do Castelo/ Inauguração do Teatro Sá de Miranda em Viana do Castelo, Portugal.
- 1885 - Egon Erwin Kisch was born (d. 1948). Czech journalist and author.
- 1894 - Paul Hörbiger was born in Budapest (d. 1981). Hungarian actor.
- 1895 - Sir Malcolm Sargent was born (d. 1967). English conductor.
- 1897 - Humberto Mauro was born (d. 1983). Brazilian actor and diretor.
- 1899 - Duke Ellington was born (d. 1974). American jazz pianist, bandleader. He was honored, at the date of his 70th birthday, with the presentation of the Medal of Freedom, the U.S. government’s highest civilian honor.
- 1904 - Enrico Mattei was born. Italian oil magnate.
- 1905 - Ogden Minton Pleissner was born (d. 1963). US painter specialized in Landscapes. Pleissner is best known for his painting of the outdoors and gentlemanly sports.
- 1906 - André Plumot dies (b. 1829). Belgian artist.
- 1907 - Fred Zinnemann was born (d. 1997). Austrian-born American film director. Academy Award-winning director: High Noon , From Here to Eternity , A Man for All Seasons ; died Mar 14, 1997.
- 1907 - Tino Rossi was born (d. 1983). French singer and actor.
- 1908 - Jack Williamson was born (d. 2006). American writer.
- 1909 - Tom Ewell [Samuel Yewell Tompkins] was born (d. 12 Sep 1994). American actor. Tony Award-winning actor: The Seven Year Itch ; The Tom Ewell Show, Easy Money.
- 1911 - Shri Gurudev Mahendranath was born (d. 1991). British writer.
- 1912 - Richard Carlson was born (d. 1977). American actor.
- 1913 - Swedish Canadian Gideon Sundback received a U.S. patent this day in 1913 for the modern “hookless” zipper, which improved on the clasp locker exhibited by Whitcomb Judson at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
- 1914 - Dorival Caymmi was born. Brazilian composer.
- 1916 - Jørgen Pedersen Gram dies (b. 1850). Danish mathematician.
- 1917 - Celeste Holm was born. American actress.
- 1919 - Gérard Oury was born (d. 2006). French film actor and director.
- 1920 - Harold Shapero was born. American composer.
- 1922 - Prof. Dr. Dkfm. Helmut Krackowizer was born (d. 2001). Austrian journalist and motorcycle racer.
- 1922 - Toots Thielemans was born. Belgian jazz guitarist and harmonica player.
- 1924 - Al Balding was born (d. 2006). Canadian golfer.
- 1924 - Zizi Jeanmaire was born. French ballet dancer and actress.
- 1925 - Danny Davis (George Nowland) was born. Grammy Award-winning bandleader: group: Danny Davis and the Nashville Brass: Best Country Instrumental Performance ; Country Music Awards Instrumental Group of the Year [1969 - 1974].
- 1925 – Iwao Takamoto was born (d. 2007). American animator, producer and film director
- 1925 - John Compton was born (d. 2007). Saint Lucian Prime Minister.
- 1925 - Ned Austin was born (d. 2007). American character actor.
- 1929 – Mickey McDermott was born (d. 2003). American baseball player.
- 1929 - Peter Sculthorpe was born. Australian composer.
- 1929 - Ray Baretto was born (d. 2006). American jazz musician.
- 1929 – Walter Kempowski was born (d. 2007). German author.
- 1930 - Jean Rochefort was born. French actor.
- 1931 - Frank Auerbach was born (d. 2002). German-born British painter Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter and printmaker.
- 1931 - Lonnie Donegan was born (d. 2002). Scottish musician.
- 1933 - Rod McKuen was born. American poet and composer.
- 1934 – Otis Rush was born. American musician.
- 1934 – Pedro Pires was born. 3rd President of Cape Verde.
- 1935 – Leroy Carr dies (b. 1905). American blues singer, songwriter and pianist.
- 1936 - Alejandra Pizarnik was born. Argentinian poet.
- 1936 - April Stevens was born. American singer.
- 1936 - Dedé Santana was born. Brazilian actor e comedian.
- 1936 - Lane Smith was born (d. 2005). American actor.
- 1936 - Zubin Mehta was born. Indian-born conductor.
- 1936 - O argentino Luis O. Salesi é nomeado presidente da Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol.
- 1937 - Jill Paton Walsh was born. English writer.
- 1937 - William Gillette dies (b. 1853). American actor.
- 1938 - Fred Dibnah was born (d. 2004). English television personality.
- 1938 – Klaus Voormann was born. German musician, artist, and record producer.
- 1941 - Nana Caymmi was born. Brazilian singer and composer.
- 1942 - Galina Kulakova was born. Soviet skier (Olympics-3 golds-1972).
- 1942 - Klaus Voormann was born. German illustrator and musician.
- 1944 - Francis Lee was born. English International Footballer and philantropist.
- 1944 - Princess Benedikte of Denmark was born.
- 1944 - Richard Kline was born. American actor and director.
- 1944 - Bernardino Machado dies (b. 1851). President of Portugal.
- 1945 - World War II: Start of Operation Manna.
- 1945 - Tammi Terrell was born (d. 1970). American singer.
- 1945 – Matthias Kleinheisterkamp dies (b. 1893). German SS officer.
- 1946 - John Waters was born. American film director and writer.
- 1947 – Jim Ryun was born. American athlete and politician.
- 1947 - Olavo de Carvalho was born. Brazilian journalist and writer.
- 1947 - Serge Bernier was born. Canadian ice hockey player.
- 1947 – Tommy James was born. American musician.
- 1948 - Bruce Cutler was born. American attorney.
- 1949 - Luís Miguel Cintra was born. Portuguese actor.
- 1949 - Nuno Júdice was born in Mexilhoeira Grande, Portimão. Portuguese writer.
- 1950 - Debbie Stabenow was born.American politician.
- 1950 - Phillip Noyce was born. Australian film director.
- 1951 - Dale Earnhardt was born (d. 2001). American race car driver.
- 1951 - Ludwig Wittgenstein dies (b. 1889). Austrian-born philosopher.
- 1952 - Bob McClure was born. American baseball player.
- 1952 - David Icke was born. British writer.
- 1952 - Nora Dunn was born. American actress.
- 1954 - Jerry Seinfeld was born. American comedian and Emmy award-winning producer: Seinfeld [1992-1993].
- 1955 - Giovanni Gronchi is elected President of Italy.
- 1955 - Gino Quilico was born. Canadian opera singer.
- 1955 - Kate Mulgrew was born. American actress.
- 1955 - Wendee Lee was born. American voice actress.
- 1956 - Ketil Stokkan was born. Norwegian singer.
- 1956 - Sofia Sakorafa was born. Greek javelin thrower and politician.
- 1956 - Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb dies (b. 1876). German field marshal.
- 1957 - Daniel Day-Lewis was born. Irish actor.
- 1957 - Mark Kendall was born. American guitarist.
- 1957 - Timothy Treadwell was born (d. 2003). American bear enthusiast.
- 1958 - My Fair Lady dazzles London The Broadway musical, My Fair Lady, opens for its first night in London.
- 1958 – Eve Plumb was born. American actress.
- 1958 – Gary Cohen was born. Baseball broadcaster-
- 1958 – Martin Whitmarsh was born. Current CEO of the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes Formula 1 Racing Team.
- 1958 - Michelle Pfeiffer was born in Santa Ana CA. American actress : Dangerous Liaisons, Batman Returns, The Fabulous Baker Boys, Grease 2, Ladyhawke, Scarface, The Witches of Eastwicke, The Age of Innocence.
- 1960 - Caveh Zahedi was born. American filmmaker.
- 1960 - Phil King was born. English bassist.
- 1960 - Robert J. Sawyer was born. Canadian writer.
- 1961 - Fumihiko Tachiki was born. Japanese seiyuu.
- 1961 – Cisco Houston dies (b. 1918). American folk singer.
- 1963 - Mike Babcock was born. NHL Coach.
- 1964 - Federico Castelluccio was born. Italian-American actor.
- 1964 - Albert Saverys (or Saverijs) dies (b. 12 May 1886). Belgian artist.
- 1965 - Papa Paulo VI publica a Encíclica 'Mense Maio'.
- 1966 - Phil Tufnell was born. English cricketer.
- 1966 - William Eccles dies (b. 1875). English physicist and radio pioneer.
- 1967 - Master P was born. American rapper, composer, actor, athlete, and sports agent.
- 1967 - Anthony Mann dies (b. 1906). American actor and director.
- 1967 – J.B. Lenoir dies (b. 1929). American Blues Musician.
- 1968 - Carnie Wilson was born. American singer.
- 1969 - İzel was born. Turkish singer.
- 1969 - Paul Adelstein was born. American actor.
- 1970 - Uma Thurman was born. American actress: The Truth about Cats and Dogs, Pulp Fiction, Mad Dog and Glory, Final Analysis, Robin Hood, Henry and June, Dangerous Liaisons, Kiss Daddy Goodnight.
- 1970 - Tomás de Figueiredo dies in Lisbon (b. 6 Jul 1902). Portuguese writer and politician.
- 1971 - Sam Michael was born. Australian engineer.
- 1972 - Dustin McDaniel was born. American politician.
- 1973 - David Belle was born. French physical educator.
- 1973 - Johan Hegg was born. Swedish heavy metal vocalist.
- 1974 - Anggun was born. Indonesian singer.
- 1974 – Jasper Wood was born. Canadian violinist
- 1974 – Julian Knowle was born. Austrian tennis player
- 1974 - Pascal Cygan was born. French footballer.
- 1975 - Ethiopia nationalizes all ground/eaerh.
- 1975 - Béres Zoo weas born. Hungarian radio DJ.
- 1975 - Eric Koston was born. Thai-born professional skateboarder.
- 1975 - Rafael Betancourt was born. Venezuelan baseball player.
- 1976 - Jay Orpin was born. Swedish composer and producer.
- 1977 – Claus Jensen was born. Danish footballer.
- 1977 - Rocío Carrasco was born. Spanish TV host and socialite.
- 1978 – Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan were born. American tennis players.
- 1978 - Tony Armas, Jr. wasd born. Venezuelan baseball player.
- 1978 - Yasuda Yukihiko dies. Japanese painter.
- 1979 - Lee Dong-Gook was born. Korean footballer.
- 1979 - Ryan Sharp was born. British racing driver.
- 1979 - Hardie Gramatky dies (b. 1907). American author and animator.
- 1980 - Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. founded.
- 1980 - Kelly Shoppach was born. American baseball player.
- 1980 - Mathieu Biron was born. French-Canadian ice hockey player.
- 1980 - Alfred Hitchcock dies (b. 1899). British-born director, best known for psychological suspense films such as Psycho.
- 1981 - Alex Vincent was born. American actor.
- 1981 - Émilie Mondor was born (d. 2006). French Canadian olympic athlete.
- 1981 - George McCartney was born. Northern Irish footballer.
- 1982 - Alfredo Magana is elected President of El Salvador.
- 1982 - Carlos Martins was born in Oliveira do Hospital. Portuguese footballer.
- 1982 - Kamran Jawaid was born. Pakistani film critic and producer.
- 1983 – David Lee was born. American basketball player.
- 1983 - Jay Cutler was born. American football player.
- 1983 - Sam Jones III was born. American actor.
- 1983 – Tommie Harris was born. American football player.
- 1983 – Yuriko Shiratori was born. Japanese gravure idol and actress.
- 1984 - Britain announces that its administration of Hong Kong will cease in 1997, when it will return the colony to China.
- 1984 - Firass Dirani was born. Lebanese-Australian actor.
- 1984 - Pham Van Quyen was born. Vietnamese footballer.
- 1984 - Taylor Cole was born. American actress.
- 1986 - A fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library damages or destroys 400,000 books and other items.
- 1986 - Renee Alway was born. American model.
- 1987 - Javier Perez de Cuellar, Secretário-Geral da ONU, recebeu o doutoramento "Honoris Causa" pela Universidade de Coimbra.
- 1987 - Alicia Morton was born. American actress.
- 1987 - Matthew Doherty was born. Northern Irish football player.
- 1988 - Younha was born. Korean pop singer.
- 1988 - James McCracken dies (b. 1926). American tenor.
- 1991 - Croatia declares independence.
- 1991 - Gonzaguinha dies (b. 1946). Brazilian singer and composer.
- 1992 - 27th Academy of Country Music Awards Garth Brooks.
- 1993 - Queen to open Palace doors Buckingham Palace opened to the public for the first time in a bid to raise funds to repair Windsor Castle.
- 1993 – Michael Gordon dies (b. 1909). American film director.
- 1993 - Mick Ronson dies (b. 1946). British musician.
- 1996 - Jaime García Tarrés dies. Mexican poet.
- 1997 - Eduardo Mascarenhas dies (b. 1942). Brazilian physician and pshycoanalist.
- 1997 – Mike Royko dies (b. 1932). American columnist.
- 1998 - Austrália, Áustria, Bélgica, Brasil, Itália e Portugal sign Protocolo de Kyoto.
- 1998 - Hal Laycoe dies (b. 1922). Canadian ice hockey player and coach.
- 2000 - Antonio Buero Vallejo dies. Spanish dramatist.
- 2002 - Bob Akin dies (b. 1936). American industrialist and race car driver.
- 2002 - Fernando Pessa dies (b. 1902). Portuguese journalist (... E esta hem?!).
- 2002 - Lor Tok dies (b. 1914). Thai comedian and actor.
- 2003 - Barbaro was born (d. 2007). American thoroughbred racehorse.
- 2003 - Maud Behn was born. Granddaughter of the King of Norway.
- 2003 - Franco Corelli dies (b. 1921). Italian tenor.
- 2004 - Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
- 2004 - Sid Smith dies (b. 1925). Canadian ice hockey player.
- 2005 - Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.
- 2005 - Apple releases Macintosh OS X 10.4 (AKA Tiger).
- 2005 – Mariana Levy dies (b. 1966). Mexican actress, singer, and television show host.
- 2005 - William J. Bell dies (b. 1927). American television writer and producer.
- 2006 - John Kenneth Galbraith dies (b. 1908). Canadian economist.
- 2007 - Republic Protests in Turkey.
- 2007 – Dick Motz dies (b. 1940). New Zealand cricketer.
- 2007 - Infanta Sofía of Spain was born. Princess of Spain.
- 2007 - Ivica Račan dies (b. 1944). Prime Minister of Croatia.
- 2007 - Josh Hancock dies (b. 1978). American baseball player.
- 2007 – Milt Bocek dies (b. 1912). American baseball player.
- 2007 – Zhang Taofang dies (b. 1931). Chinese sniper.