0653 - Saint Honorius dies. Archbishop of Canterbury
1207 - Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi was born (d. 1273). Persian mystic and poet.
1227 - Pope Nicholas IV was born (d. 1292)
1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
1452 - First printed book, the Johann Gutenberg Bible.
1530 - Geronimo Mercuriali was born (d. 1606). Italian philologist and physician.
1551 - Ouchi Yoshitaka dies (b. 1507). Japanese warlord.
1560 - Melchior Cano dies (b. 1525). Spanish theologian.
1572 - St. Francis Borgia dies (b. 1510). Jesuit priest.
1581 - Hubert Languet dies (b. 1518). French diplomat and reformer.
1626 - Nurhaci dies (b. 1559). Manchurian chief.
1628 - Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke dies (b. 1554). English poet.
1631 - William Stoughton was born (d. 1701). American judge at the Salem witch trials.
1700 - Stanisław Konarski was born (d. 1773). Polish writer.
1732 - Jacques Necker was born (d. 1804). French diplomat, finance minister of Louis XVI
1743 - Nascimento de Jeronimo Francisco de Lima. Compositor português.
1770 - Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham dies. English politician and diplomat.
1791 - Estreia da ópera A Flauta Mágica de Mozart, em Viena.
1800 - Decimus Burton was born (d. 1881). English architect.
1867 - The United States takes control of Midway Island.
1870 - Jean Baptiste Perrin was born (d. 1942). French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
1882 - Hans Geiger was born (d. 1945). German physicist
1882 - The world's first hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) began operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
1888 - Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
1895 - Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
1895 - Lewis Milestone was born (d. 1980). Russian-born film director.
1898 - Renée Adorée was born (d. 1933). French actress.
1898 - Princess Charlotte of Monaco was born (d. 1977)
1904 - Waldo Williams was born (d. 1971). Welsh poet.
1905 - Nevill Francis Mott was born (d. 1996). English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate.
1908 - David Oistrakh was born (d. 1974). Ukrainian violinist.
1912 - Kenny Baker was born (d. 1985). American singer and actor.
1913 - Bill Walsh was born (d. 1975). American film producer and writer.
1913 - Rudolf Diesel dies (b. 1858). German inventor.
1915 - Lester Maddox was born (d. 2003). Governor of Georgia.
1917 - Buddy Rich was born (d. 1987).American drummer.
1921 - Deborah Kerr was born. Scottish actress ( The King and I, From Here to Eternity, A Woman of Substance, The Night of the Iguana, Quo Vadis, Tea and Sympathy, Separate Tables)
1924 - Truman Capote was born (d. 25 Aug 1984). American author. In Cold Blood, Other Voices, Other Rooms, Breakfast at Tiffany’s; actor: Murder by Death
1924 - Nascimento do escritor norte-americano Truman Capote (1924-1984), em Nova Orleães, no estado do Alabama. O seu nome de baptismo era Truman Streckfus Persons, tendo adoptado o apelido do padrasto. Conhecido sobretudo pelos seus livros Pequeno Almoço no Tiffany e A Sangue Frio.
1928 - Elie Wiesel was born. Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986
1931 - Angie Dickinson was born. American actress ( Police Woman, Cassie and Company, Wild Palms, Dressed to Kill, Rio Bravo, Ocean’s 11). Hollywood’s Best Legs Award 
1934 - Udo Jürgens was born. Austrian singer
1935 - Johnny Mathis was born. American singer
1935 - The Hoover Dam is dedicated.
1935 - "The Adventures of Dick Tracy" is first heard on the Mutual Radio Network.
1938 - The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations"
1938 - Britain, France, Nazi Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
1939 - General Władysław Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
1942 - Frankie Lymon was born (d. 1962). American singer.
1943 - Franz Oppenheimer dies (b. 1864). German sociologist.
1946 - Héctor Lavoe was born (d. 1993). Puerto Rican singer.
1946 - Jochen Mass was born. German F1 car driver.
1947 - Marc Bolan was born (d. 1977). English musician.
1947 - The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
1949 - The Berlin Airlift ends.
1953 - S.M. Stirling was born. Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author.
1953 - Victoria Tennant was born. Actress: Flowers in the Attic, L.A. Story, The Winds of War, War and Remembrance.
1954 - Barry Williams was born. American actor
1954 - Basia Trzetrzelewska was born. Polish-born singer and songwriter.
1954 - The submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the first nuclear reactor powered vessel.
1955 - James Dean dies from injuries suffered in a car crash (b. 1931). American actor (Giant, East of Eden and Rebel Without a Cause).
1957 - Fran Drescher was born. American actress.
1960 - The last episode of "The Howdy Doody Show" airs on NBC.
1961- Mayor Snyder of Oregon writes a check for $1.96 to cover the cost of the tea lost in the Boston Tea Party.
1961 - Eric Stoltz was born. American actor ( Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Mask, Some Kind of Wonderful, Our Town, Three Sisters, Two Shakespearean Actors, The Importance of Being Ernest, The Glass Menagerie, Pulp Fiction, Once and Again)
1962 - César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
1962 - James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
1964 - Trey Anastasio was born. American musician (Phish)
1964 - Monica Bellucci was born. Italian actress
1965 - Civil unrest follows a failed coup attempt by Indonesia Communist Party (PKI). More than a million people died.
1966 - The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana.
1967 - BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC's other national radio stations also adopt numeric names.
1971 - Jenna Elfman wasd born. American actress
1972 - Ari Behn was born. Norwegian author
1974 - Portugal: Tomada de posse do 3.º Governo Provisório, chefiado por Vasco Gonçalves.
1974 - Renúncia do presidente António de Spínola (Portugal)
1975 - The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache made its first flight.
1976 - Mary Ford dies (b. 1928). American singer.
1980 - Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
1980 - Martina Hingis was born. Swiss tennis player
1982 - Lacey Chabert was born. American actress
1982 - Kieran Culkin was born. American actor
1982 - Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all. The incident is known as the Tylenol scare.
1982 - The TV sitcom Cheers premieres.
1985 - Simone Signoret dies (b. 1921). French actress.
1990 - Tobi Atkins was born. Australian actor.
1990 - Morte de Patrick White. Escritor australiano - Prémio Nobel em 1973
1991 - President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
1997 - Origin Systems Inc. releases Ultima Online, the first true massively multiplayer game, opening the door for a new video gaming genre.
1998 - Dan Quisenberry dies (b. 1953). Baseball player.
1999 - German novelist Guenter Grass won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences credited Grass’ first novel, The Tin Drum, with restoring honor to German literature “after decades of linguistic and moral destruction.”
1999 - Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. Workers overload a container with uranium, exposing workers and local residents to very high radiation levels.
2002 - Início da demolição do estádio de Wembley (Londres - Inglaterra)
2002 - Hans-Peter Tschudi dies (b. 1913). Swiss Federal Councilor.
2004 - A Rússia aprova adesão ao Protocolo de Kyoto
Independence Day in Botswana (1966)