- 1378 - Pope Callixtus III was born (d. 1458) .
- 1384 - Muere John Wycliffe, filósofo, teólogo y reformador religioso inglés, precursor de la Reforma protestante.
- 1491 - Jacques Cartier was born , explorer .
- 1492 - Jews are expelled from Sicily.
- 1514 - Andreas Vesalius was born [d. 1564]; Flemish anatomist who, as a university teacher insisted on conducting detailed dissections on human cadavers personally ( "De humani corporis fabrica") .
- 1553 - Pedro de Valdivia funda en Chile los fuertes de Arauco, Puren, Tucapel y la ciudad de Los Confines o Angol.
- 1568 - Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyo (b. 1493)
- 1588 - Fallece en Lisboa Fray Luis de Granada, escritor ascético español autor de obras muy imitadas por escritores religiosos y profanos .
- 1600 - British East India Company is chartered.
- 1668 - Hermann Boerhaave was born [d. 1738]; Dutch physician and professor of medicine who was the first great clinical, teacher.
- 1679 - Giovanni Alfonso Borelli dies [b. 1608]; Italian physiologist who was the first to explain muscular movement and other body functions according to the laws of statics and dynamics. ["De motu animalium (Rome, 1680)].
- 1738 - Charles Cornwallis was born, general .
- 1744 - James Bradley announced the discovery of Earth's motion of nutation, or wobbling.
- 1784 - Para reforzar la lucha contra los piratas, Carlos III establece la pena de galeras en España.
- 1805 - Nace la escritora francesa Marie de Flavigny, más conocida por el seudonimo de Daniel Stern.
- 1816 - Sir William Withey Gull, was born[ d. 1890]; A leading English physician of his time, lecturer and physician at Guy's Hospital, London, and an outstanding clinical teacher.
- 1846 - Os miguelistas são completamente derrotados em Braga, tendo o seu comandante, Macdonell sido preso e morto em 30 de Janeiro de 1847 (O liberalismo em Portugal).
- 1864 - Robert Grant Aitken was born [d.1951]; American astronomer who specialized in the study of double stars, of which he discovered more than 3,000 .
- 1868 - É ocupada Assunção, a capital do Paraguai, por uma coluna brasileira sob o comando do Coronel Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca.
- 1869 - Henri Matisse, was born, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1954 ). Along with Picasso, Matisse is considered one of the two foremost artists of the modern period. His contribution to 20th-century art is inestimable.
- 1877 - Gustave Courbet, dies aged 58, French painter .
- 1878 -Elizabeth Arden beautician, business executive.
- 1878 - Nace en Salto, Uruguay, el escritor Horacio Silvestre Quiroga.
- 1879 - Thomas Edison gave the first public demonstration of an electric incandescent lamp.
- 1881 - Max Pechstein, was born, painter and graphic artist (d. 1955) .
- 1894 - Pola Negri, was born, Polish actress (d. 1987) .
- 1898 - Sir John Eric Sidney Thompson was born [d. 1975];He was a leading English ethnographer of the Mayan people.
- 1902 - Muere en Baradero, provincia de Buenos Aires, Cándido López, pintor.
- 1903 - Nathan Milstein, was born, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1992)
- 1905 - Aleksandr Popov dies [b. 1859]; Physicist and electrical engineer acclaimed in Russia as the inventor of radio.
- 1905 - Jule Styne, was born, composer (d. 1994)
- 1909 - Manhattan Bridge Opens
- 1910 - Carl Dudley, American movie director (died 1973).
- 1911 - Marie Curie receives her 2nd Nobel Prize .
- 1913 - Seth Carlo Chandler dies[b. 1846]; American astronomer best known for his discovery (1884-85) of the Chandler Wobble, a complex movement in the Earth's axis of rotation (now refered to as polar motion) that causes latitude to vary with a period of 14 months.
- 1923 - The Sahara is traversed by an automobile for the first time.
- 1923 - Se inauguran los servicios aéreos entre Buenos Aires y Montevideo.
- 1929 - Jeremy Bernstein was born; American physicist, educator, and writer widely known for the clarity of his writing for the lay reader on the major issues of modern physics.
- 1934 - Cornelia Maria Clapp dies [b. 1849]; American zoologist and educator whose influence as a teacher was great and enduring in a period when the world of science was just opening to women.
- 1935 - Monopoly was patented, game assigned to Parker Brothers, Inc., by Charles Darrow of Pennsylvania.
- 1935 - Manuel Portela Valladares preside un nuevo Gobierno en España.
- 1936 - Miguel de Unamuno, fallecimiento de; escritor y filósofo español.
- 1937 - Anthony Hopkins was born, actor.
- 1938 -The first breath test for drivers, "drunkometer," was introduced in Indianapolis.
- 1940 - Arsène d'Arsonval dies [b. 1851]; French physician and physicist who was a pioneer in therapeutic use of electricity, heat, and light.
- 1941 - Alex Ferguson, football (soccer) player and well known manager (Manchester United).
- 1943 - John Denver, country/pop musician (d. 1997) .
- 1943 - Ben Kingsley, was born in Scarborough England; actor (Gandhi, Betrayal, Maurice...).
- 1948 - Donna Summer, was born in Boston, singer.
- 1949 - 18 countries recognize Republic Indonesia.
- 1955 - General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make over USD $1 billion in a year.
- 1958 - Ernesto "Che" Guevara encabeza la ocupación de Santa Clara. Horas más tarde Fulgencio Batista huye de Cuba.
- 1959 - Val Kilmer, was born, actor ( The Saint, Top Gun, The Doors) .
- 1961 -The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Europe .
- 1963 -Central African Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formally dissolved.
- 1971 US President Richard Nixon signs the National Air Quality Control Act, which calls for a 90% reduction in automobile emissions by 1975. The act also tightened air-pollution controls and fines in other industries.
- 1972 - Muere Roberto Clemente, jugador puertorriqueño de béisbol , el primer hispano elegido miembro del Baseball Hall of Fame , y el segundo cuya imagen aparece en un sello de correos de EE.UU.
- 1975 - Pela primeira vez em 51 anos, a corrida de São Silvestre, maratona internacional realizada todos os anos em São Paulo, aceitou a participação de mulheres.
- 1979 - La Reina Isabel II de Inglaterra nombra caballero de la Orden del Imperio Británico al director de cine Alfred Hitchcock.
- 1980 - Muere Herbert Marshall McLuhan.
- 1980 - Léopold Sédar Senghor resigns after 20 years as Senegalese president .
- 1980 - Raoul Walsh, dies, US film director .
- 1981 - Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings becomes Africa's first post-independent head of state after overthrowing Frederick Akuffo's government in Ghana.
- 1982 - Kurt Otto Friedrichs dies[ b. 1901] German mathematician.His main work was on partial differential equations in mathematical physics.
- 1983 - Nigeria's National Assembly dissolves after military coup .
- 1984 - Luciano Jaramillo Trujillo, dies; Colombian painter.
- 1985 - Rick Nelson, dies, singer (b. 1940).
- 1988 - No Rio de Janeiro o Bateau Mouche IV afunda na Baía de Guanabara matando 55 pessoas.
- 1991 - The Soviet Union officially dissolves.
- 1991 - The civil war in El Salvador ends .
- 1993 - the last research samples of the smallpox virus (variola) were scheduled to be destroyed. Smallpox was the world's most dreaded plagues until 1977, when it was declared eradicated. However, some scientists who wanted to continue research on the virus stopped the destruction plan. The remaining frozen samples are in Moscow.
- 1995 - The publication of the last new Calvin and Hobbes cartoon strip.
- 1995 - Renuncia del primer ministro italiano Lamberto Dini.
- 1995 - O presidente da Argélia Liamine Zeroual indica Ahmed Ouyahia como seu novo primeiro-ministro.
- 1997 - Microsoft buys Hotmail E-mail service.
- 1999 - Sarah Knauss, dies at the age of 119 years - at death, the world's oldest person alive. (b. 1880).
- 1999 - Elliot Richardson dies, U.S. politician (b. 1920) .
- 1999 Control of Panamá Canal reverts to Panamá.
- 2000 - Alan Cranston, dies U.S. politician.
- 2000 - Kenneth L. Pike dies [b. 1912]; He was a U.S. linguist and anthropologist known for his studies of the aboriginal languages of Mexico, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, New Guinea, Java, Ghana, Nigeria, Australia, Nepal, and the Philippines.
- 2000 - José Greco, dies, Spanish Flamenco dance.
- 2000 - Bill Clinton suscribe el tratado para crear el Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI) con capacidad para investigar y juzgar a individuos acusados de haber cometido graves delitos contra el Derecho Internacional Comunitario. Su sucesor en la presidencia de los EE.UU., George W. Bush, retirará la participación de los EE.UU. en el tribunal.
- 2000 - Manuel de Rivacoba y Rivacoba, muere, penalista y político español.
- 2003 - Arthur R. von Hippel dies, German-born American scientist and professor at MIT
Amigo Secreto EcuaBlogs 2004
Poemas y otros cuentos mas es mi "amigo secreto" iniciativa de EcuaBlogs .
Entonces mi regalo singelo es un poema de un gran autor Ecuatoriano, que publico aquí com los votos de un Feliz Año Nuevo repleto de felicidad.
CARTA A UNA COLEGIALA
Para leer esta carta
baja hasta nuestro río.
Escucharás, de pronto, una cosecha de aire
pasar sollozando en la corriente.
Escucharás la desnudez unánime
del agua y el sonido.
Y el rumor del minuto más antiguo
formado con el átomo de un día.
Mas, de repente, escucharás, oh bella música femenina,
la catarata inmóvil del silencio.
Entonces, te hablaré desde las letras:
Era enero. Salimos del colegio.
Veo tu blusa de naranja ilesa.
Tus principiantes senos de azucena,
y siento que me duele la memoria.
Bella aprendiz de cartas y de melancolía,
con los ojos cerrados y las bocas unidas,
tomamos esa tarde una lección de idiomas
sobre el musgo que hablaba de la cartografía.
¿Cómo has pasado estas vacaciones?
¿Sientes alguna vez entre los labios
ese azúcar azul de la distancia?
Mañana son dos años, siete meses.
Te conocí con toda mi alma ausente;
sufría entonces, por la primavera,
un bellísimo mal que ya no tengo.
Recuerdo: producías con los labios
un delgado chasquido de violeta.
Pienso en la estatua de aire de tu olvido
mirándome de todas las esquinas,
mi colegiala mía, música femenina.
Tú, en el divino campo. Yo, en la ciudad terrestre.
La calle pasa con su algarabía.
Un fraile. Unas mujeres de la vida...
Un niño con un cesto de hortalizas...
Un carro lento dividido en siglos...
Mañana entramos ya en el mes de junio.
Flotarán en su cielo de anchos aires
objetos de uso azul como las aguas;
y una lejana inquietud de rosas
habrá en el horizonte de la tarde.
En este claro mes de agua plateada
te conocí. Entonces yo sufría
una enfermedad de primavera,
un bellísimo mal que ya no tengo ...
CÉSAR DÁVILA ANDRADE
- 39 - Tito Flavio Vespasiano was born , Roman emperor.
- 0274 - St Felix I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1525 - Jacob Fugger (66), German banker and merchant, died.
- 1591 - Pope Innocent IX dies (b. 1519).
- 1703 -Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die .
- 1741 - Bartolomeo Giacometti, composer, was born.
- 1781 - John Needham dies [b. 1713]; English naturalist and Roman Catholic priest.
- 1788 - Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian rococo painter/etcher, dies at 86.
- 1819 - Theodor Fontane, was born, German novelist and poet (d. 1898).
- 1851 -Asa Griggs Candler was born [d. 1929]; U.S. soft-drink manufacturer who developed Coca-Cola®.This soft drink began in 1886 when a druggist named John "Doc" Pemberton started selling the syrup that he used in his drugstore fountain drinks. When he died, the formula (still a very well kept secret) was sold to Asa Candler, a marketing genius.
- 1852 - future U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb in Cincinnati.
- 1861 -US, banks stops payments in gold.
- 1868 - Capitulación de las tropas paraguayas ante el duque de Caxias. Francisco Solano López no se rinde y acompañado por un puñado de combatientes, emprende al retirada hacia el norte de Paraguay .
- 1873 - the American Metrological Society was formed in New York City.
- 1873 - Alfred E. Smith was born, U. S. politician (d. 1944).
- 1882 - Nace Ángel Roffo, investigador y médico argentino
- 1883 - John Henry Dallmeyer dies [b. 1830] German-born British inventor and manufacturer of lenses and telescopes.
- 1883. Nascimento do filósofo português Leonardo Coimbra (1883-1936) em Lixa, Amarante. Foi um dos fundadores da Renascença Portuguesa.
- 1890 - The Dressel Missions fight happens today.
- 1897 - Alfredo Bracchi, was born, Italian author.
- 1899 - James Paget, dies [b. 1914] English surgeon and physiologist who is considered (with Rudolf Virchow) to be a founder of the science of pathology. Paget discovered (1834) in human muscle the parasitic worm that causes trichinosis. In 1877, he described Paget's disease of bone (osteitis deformans), a chronic disease of bones.
- 1900 - Battleships are sent to Tangiers by the Spanish government as the first part of its intended invasion of Morocco.
- 1906 - Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy.
- 1913 - Tungsten filaments: Dr William David Coolidge patented a method for making ductile tungsten for the purpose of making filaments for electric lamps
- 1917 - Un cataclismo de grandes dimensiones asola Guatemala, cuya ciudad capital quedó convertida en ruinas.
- 1918 - La liga Espartaco liderada por Rosa Luxemburgo toma el nombre de Partido Comunista Alemán.
- 1920 -Albania was admitted to the League of Nations as sovereign and independent state
- 1922 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is formed.
- 1923 - Sara Lidman, Swedish writer (d. 2004) .
- 1923 - Inauguración del primer servicio público aéreo en Argentina (de Buenos Aires a Montevideo).
- 1931 - Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton), dies at 62.
- 1933 - O primeiro-ministro da Roménia, Íon Duca, é assassinado por um membro da Guarda de Ferro.
- 1934 - Del Shannon, singer (d. 1990)
- 1935 - Sandy Koufax , was born, baseball player
- 1938 - An electronic television system was patented by V.K. Zworykin.
- 1940 - California opens its first freeway: the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
- 1944 - King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving his throne vacant.
- 1944 - Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78.
- 1946 - Singer Patti Smith, was born.
- 1947 - Alfred North Whitehead dies [b.1961]; English mathematician and philosopher, who collaborated with Bertrand Russell on Principia Mathematica (1910-13).
- 1947 - King Michael of Romania is obliged to abdicate and the Romanian republic is proclaimed.
- 1948 - The play Kiss Me, Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances.
- 1949 - India recognizes People's Republic of China.
- 1950 - Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia become Independent states in France Union.
- 1953 - The first color television sets go on sale for about USD $1,175.
- 1954 -1.st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston) .
- 1957 -Israeli government of Ben-Gurion, resigns.
- 1963 - Alessandra Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), was born in Naples, Italy.
- 1974 - Beatles are legally disbanded (4 years after suit was brought) .
- 1975 - Tiger Woods was born, golfer.
- 1975 - Constitution of Democratic Republic of Madagascar comes into force.
- 1976 - Actress Meredith Monroe was born.
- 1978 - Singer Tyrese was born.
- 1979 - Rock group, Emerson, Lake & Palmer break up
- 1979 - Togo adopts constitution.
- 1980 - Actress Eliza Dushku was born.
- 1982 - Kristin Kreuk was born, Canadian actress.
- 1983 -A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
- 1985 -Pakistan restores constitution.
- 1987 - The Transkei government is overthrown in a bloodless coup led by General Bantubonke Holomisa, commander of the Transkei Defence Force.
- 1987 -Premier Mugabe elected President of Zimbabwe.
- 1989 -Dmitri Volkov swims world record 50m freestyle (27.15 sec).
- 1997 - In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, 400 people are killed from four villages.
- 1997 - In Spain a judge accused 36 Argentine military and police officers of involvement in torture and the disappearance of 600 Spaniards during the dirty war from 1976-1983. Most of those named served in the ESMA, a torture center used by the military regime.
- 1997- In Italy Danilo Dolci, advocate of nonviolent social reform, died at age 73. His writings and poetry chronicled Sicily’s beauty and despair. His books include: “Report From Palermo,” “Waste,” and “Sicilian Lives”.
- 1999 - O ex-beatle George Harrison foi esfaqueado no tórax dentro de sua mansão em Londres por Michael Abram, de 33 anos. Houve luta corporal. Ele foi internado e liberado dias depois.
- 2001 -Pakistan arrested Hafiz Saeed, leader of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (Army of the Pure) as India moved more troops to the border.
- 2002 - Eleanor Jack Gibson dies [b. 1910]; American psychologist who studied learning processes in children. She is remembered for her “visual cliff” experiment which showed how an infant's depth perception helps prevent injuries and falls.
- 2003 -The Bush administration announced it was banning the sale of ephedra, and urged consumers to immediately stop using the herbal stimulant linked to 155 deaths and dozens of heart attacks and strokes.
- 2003 - John Gregory Dunne, American novelist and screenwriter dies.
Posted by Fernando Silva at quarta-feira, dezembro 29, 2004
- 1223 - El Papa Honorio III aprueba la regla de la Orden de los Frailes Menores (Franciscanos) fundada por San Francisco de Asis en 1209.
- 1586 - Francisco de Moncada Spanish was born, earl of Osuna/marquis of Aytona.
- 1678 - Gotthard Wagner, was born, composer.
- 1709 - Elisabeth Petrovna, was born, tsarina of Russia / Daughter of Peter the Great .
- 1721 - Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (Madame De Pompadour) was born [d.1764] mistress of French King Louis XV.
- 1731 -Brook Taylor dies [b. 1685] British mathematician noted for his contributions to the development of calculus. In 1708, Taylor produced a solution to the problem of the centre of oscillation. His (1715) “Direct and Indirect Methods of Incrementation” introduced what is now called the calculus of finite differences.
- 1788 - Christian Jürgensen Thomsen was born [d.1865) Danish archaeologist who devoloped the three-part system of prehistory, naming the Stone, Bronze, and Iron ages for the successive stages of man's technological development in Europe.
- 1800 - Charles Goodyear was born; invented vulcanized rubber [d. 1860].
- 1813 - Alexander Parkes was born [d. 1890]; British chemist and inventor who developed various industrial processes and materials.
- 1816 - Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig was born [d. 1895]; he was a founder of the physicochemical school of physiology in Germany. He developed the kymograph (1847) and a mercurial blood-gas pump (1859) which enables the separation of blood from the mixture of gases in it for analysis.
- 1825 - Muere Jacques David, pintor francés que introdujo el neoclasicismo en su país.
- 1840 - Anton Dohrn, zoologist (d. 1909).
- 1845 - Texas became the 28th state in the United States.
- 1859 - Venustiano Carranza, was born; President of México (1915-20) .
- 1869 - Se funda el Observatorio Astrónomico de Córdoba, Argentina.
- 1876 -Pablo Casals was born in Venrdell; Spanish cellist, conductor, composer (d. 1973) .
- 1877 - Muere el político argentino Adolfo Alsina.
- 1891 - Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies [b. 1823] His major contributions in elliptic functions, the theory of algebraic equations, and the theory of algebraic numbers. However the topics he studied were restricted by the fact that he believed in the reduction of all mathematics to arguments involving only the integers and a finite number of steps.
- 1893 - Vera Brittain was born , novelist, poet .
- 1896 - David Alfaro Siqueiros, was born; Mexican painter/muralist (Liberation of Chile).
- 1898 - Se estrena en Munich el poema sinfónico Don Quijote, de Richard Straus.
- 1911 - Klaus Fuchs was born [d.1988]; Emil Klaus Julius Fuchs was a German-born physicist and spy who was arrested and convicted (1950) for giving vital American and British atomic-research secrets to the Soviet Union.
- 1925 - Le Parti communiste français est crée .
- 1929 - Wilhelm Maybach dies [b. 1846] ; German engineer and industrialist who was the chief designer of the first Mercedes automobiles (1900-01).
- 1936 - Mary Tyler Moore was born, actress .
- 1937 - The Constitution of Ireland, changing the Irish Free State into Eire, went into effect.
- 1938 - Jon Voight, was born, American actor (Deliverance, Midnight Cowboy) .
- 1940 -During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.
- 1941-Tullio Levi-Civita dies [b. 1873]; Italian mathematician known for his work on the absolute differential calculus with its applications to the theory of relativity .
- 1946 - Marianne Faithfull, was born, singer.
- 1952- A coelacanth, once thought to have been extinct for 75 million years, is caught off the Comoros and sent to scientists in South Africa.
- 1956 - Em Lisboa, foi inaugurado o Metro, uma rede subterrânea de transporte colectivo.
- 1957 - singers Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme were married in Las Vegas.
- 1960 - Frederick Fuller Russell dies [b. 1870]; American scientist who developed the first successful U.S. typhoid fever vaccine.
- 1960 - Henri-Gaston Busignies was born [d. 1981]; French-born American electronics engineer permitted the U.S. Navy during World War II to detect enemy transmissions ( from wich a radio transmission was coming) throught his high-frequency direction finders (HF/DF) Busignies invented also the radiocompass (1926) .
- 1967 - Aos 76 anos de idade morre Paul Whiteman, o “Rei do Jazz”. Seus sucessos incluem “My Blue Heaven” e “All of Me”.
- 1968 - Numa operação antiterrorista, comandos israelitas destroem 13 aviões de guerra libaneses.
- 1986 Harold Macmillan, 92, former British Prime Minister, dies in Sussex, England .
- 1989 - Hermann Julius Oberth dies [b. 1894]; German scientist who is considered to be one of the founders of modern astronautics.
- 1992 - Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil, resigned.
- 1992 - Itamar Franco is the new President of Brazil.
- 1992- President Daniel Torotich arap Moi wins the first multi-party elections held in Kenya for 26 years.
- 1995 - Nello Celio, President of Switz (1972), dies at 81.
- 1999 -The Nasdaq composite index closed above 4,000 for the first time, ending the day at 4,041.46.
- 2001 - Cássia Eller dies.
29 Dez - Dia Internacional da Biodiversidade
Posted by Fernando Silva at quarta-feira, dezembro 29, 2004
The Oath of the Horatii (1784) Oil on canvas130 x 167 1/4 in. (330 x 425 cm) Musee du Louvre, Paris (on the left)
The Sabine Women (1796-99) Oil on canvas12' 8" x 17' 3/4"Musee du Louvre, Paris (on the right side)
Foste o beijo melhor da minha vida,
ou talvez o pior...Glória e tormento,
contigo à luz subi do firmamento,
contigo fui pela infernal descida!
Morreste, e o meu desejo não te olvida:
queimas-me o sangue, enches-me o pensamento,
e do teu gosto amargo me alimento,
e rolo-te na boca malferida.
Beijo extremo, meu prêmio e meu castigo,
batismo e extrema-unção, naquele instante
por que, feliz, eu não morri contigo?
Sinto-me o ardor, e o crepitar te escuto,
beijo divino! e anseio delirante,
na perpétua saudade de um minuto....
Olavo Bilac [ 1865-1918]
Faz hoje 86 anos que faleceu Olavo Braz Martins dos Guimarães Bilac, um grande poeta da língua portuguesa. Assim, neste blog, onde a poesia ocupa lugar de destaque, junto a outros poemas aqui já divulgados mais dois poemas deste autor que merece ser mais conhecido:
Ao Coração Que Sofre
Ao coração que sofre, separado
Do teu, no exílio em que a chorar me vejo,
Não basta o afeto simples e sagrado
Com que das desventuras me protejo.
Não me basta saber que sou amado,
Nem só desejo o teu amor: desejo
Ter nos braços teu corpo delicado,
Ter na boca a doçura de teu beijo.
E as justas ambições que me consomem
Não me envergonham: pois maior baixeza
Não há que a terra pelo céu trocar;
E mais eleva o coração de um homem
Ser de homem sempre e, na maior pureza,
Ficar na terra e humanamente amar
Ver também neste blog: Ouvir estrelas e Delírio
- 418 - St. Boniface I becomes Pope
- 1065 -Westminster Abbey consecrated.
- 1484 - Joachim Vadianus, [von Watt], was born; Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
- 1622- Francois de Sales (55), French bishop of Geneva, writer and saint, died
- 1669 - William Semple patenta el chicle.
- 1694, Queen Mary II of England died after five years of joint rule with her husband, King William III.
- 1777 - Alexander I - Russia, was born, Czar de Russia.
- 1798 -Thomas Henderson was born (died 23-Nov-1844). Scottish astronomer who, as royal astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope (1831-33), was the first to measure the parallax of a star (Alpha Centauri).
- 1814 - Sir John Bennet Lawes was born (d. 31-Aug-1900), (1st Baronet) English agronomist who founded the artificial fertilizer industry and Rothamsted Experimental Station, the oldest agricultural research station in the world.
- 1832 - John C. Calhoun became the first vice president in U.S. history to resign from office.
- 1846 -Iowa became the 29th state in the United States.
- 1852 - Leonardo Torres Quevedo , was born at Santa Cruz de Iruña, Santander, España, scientist and inventor.
- 1861 - Se funda la ciudad de Mulchen en Chile.
- 1861 - Autoproclamación como Rey de la Araucania de Orélie-Antoine.
- 1862 -Joaquim Casimiro Junior, composer, dies at 54.
- 1869 -William F. Semple patented chewing gum.
- 1878 -Jose Bernardo Alcedo, composer, dies at 90.
- 1878 -Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism).
- 1892 -Alfred Irving Hallowell was born; a U.S. cultural anthropologist known for his work on the North American Indians.
- 1894 - Alfred Sherwood Romer, was born (died 5 Nov 1973). U.S. paleontologist widely known for his concepts of evolutionary history of vertebrate animals.
- 1895 -The Lumiere Brothers gave the first commercial movie show at the Grand Cafe in Paris.
- 1903 - French Congo is split into Ubangi-Shari, Chad, Gabon, and Middle Congo.
- 1906 - Ecuador adopts its constitution.
- 1916 - Eduard Strauss, was born, Austrian composer (b. 1835)
- 1917, the New York Evening Mail published a facetious — as well as fictitious — essay by H.L. Mencken on the history of bathtubs in America.
- 1918 - Olavo Bilac, dies, Brazilien poet (b. 1865)
- 1923 - Gustave Eiffel dies (b. 15-Dec.1832); French civil engineer renowned for the tower in Paris that bears his name. He specialized in metal structures, building a number of iron bridges, beginning with one at Bordeaux in 1858. Eiffel was one of the first engineers to employ compressed-air caissons in bridge building.
- 1934 - Actress Maggie Smith was born this day ( Death on Nile, Clash of Titans).
- 1935 - Fernando Lopes, was born in Portugal, director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
- 1937 - A primeira Constituição da República da Irlanda é estabelecida. Na época, o primeiro-ministro era Eamon de Valera, fundador do Exército Republicano Irlandês (IRA).
- 1937 - Maurice Ravel dies in Paris (b. 1875); musician.
- 1944 - Kary Banks Mullis, was born ; American biochemist, cowinner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1993) for his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
- 1945 - Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance.
- 1947 - Victor Manuel III, último rei de Itália, morreu em Alexandria, Egipto, no exílio. Rei desde 1900, devido ao assassinato do seu pai, nomeou Mussolini primeiro ministro, não tendo sido capaz de impedir os fascistas de tomar o poder. Tinha abdicado em 1946.
- 1948 - Egyptian premier, Mahmoud Fatimy, is assassinated by a member of Al Ikhwan al Muslimun (the Muslim Brotherhood).
- 1953 - Richard Clayderman, was born, pianist.
- 1954 - Denzel Washington, was born, actor (Dr Chandler-St Elsewhere).
- 1958 - Patrice Emery Lumumba, head of the Congolese National Movement, declares that "independence is a right, not a privilege."
- 1959 - Se promulga la Ley de Seguridad Social que consagra catorce prestaciones y por la que la Dirección de Pensiones Civiles se transformará en Instituto de Seguridad Social de los Trabajadores al Servicio del Estado (ISSSTE), que entrará en vigor el 1º de enero del próximo año (Mexico).
- 1970 - Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution.
- 1970 - Muere en Buenos Aires Elena Sansisena de Elizalde, fundadora de la Asociación Amigos del Arte. Organizó las polémicas muestras de los pintores Emilio Pettoruti y Juan Del Prete y publicó valiosas ediciones de arte, como el "Martín Fierro", ilustrado por Adolfo Belloc. Nació en Buenos Aires en 1882.
- 1973 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn (Nobel awarded) published "Gulag Archipelago," an expose of the Soviet prison system.
- 1981 -Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, Va.
- 1982 - Nevell Johnson Jr., a black man, was mortally wounded by a police officer in a Miami video arcade, setting off three days of race-related disturbances that left another man dead.
- 1983 - Dennis Wilson, musician ("The Beach Boys"), dies (b. 1944).
- 1984 - Sam Peckinpah, film director, dies (b. 1925) .
- 1986 - Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian movie director, dies (b. 1932) .
- 1989 - O Brasil quebra o recorde negativo de inflação na sua história, chegando a 1.764,86% ao ano.
- 1989 - Alexandre Dubcek, ex-líder comunista da Tchecoslováquia, é nomeado líder do parlamento.
- 1991 - Ted Turner is named Time Magazine Man of Year.
- 1992 - O parlamento iugoslavo vota a remoção do primeiro-ministro Milan Panic.
- 1993 - O Vaticano reconhece oficialmente a existência do Estado de Israel.
- 1993 - Banesto, bajo la dirección de Mario Conde, es intervenido por el Banco de España.
- 1994 - CIA Director R. James Woolsey resigned, ending a tenure that was shadowed by the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
- 1997 - O governo de Hong Kong mata e incinera 1,3 milhão de galinhas na tentativa de eliminar o vírus da gripe, que havia matado quatro pessoas e causado temor de uma epidemia.
- 2000 - U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.
- 2001 -In Argentina thousands of people flooded banks as the government eased a 5-day bank holiday. Demonstrations ensued and riot police used rubber bullets and tear gas to quell violence at the Government House known as Casa Rosada.
- Pakistan arrested some 50 leading members of 2 Islamic militant groups: Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Jaish-e-Mahammed.
- 2001 - Japan’s Nikkei closed at its lowest year-end mark since 1983: 10,542.
- 2003 - Libya for the first time allowed U.N. nuclear officials to inspect four sites related to its nuclear weapons program.
- 537- St Sofia-church in Constantinople, initiated .
- 1437- Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia .
- 1492 - Cristóbal Colón descubre la isla de Cuba, a la que llama "Juana" y después "Fernandina", pero que mantendrá finalmente su nombre autóctono.
- 1512 - Se promulgan las Reales Ordenanzas dadas para el buen regimiento y tratamiento de los indios, más conocidas como Leyes de Burgos.
- 1571 - Johannes Kepler was born, [d. 1630]; German astronomer .
- 1732 - Em Portugal região de Loulé no Algarve ficou parcialmente destruída, como consequência de um sismo devastador.
- 1763 - Tratado de paz de Fontainebleau, por el que los británicos devuelven Manila a los españoles.
- 1773 -Sir George Cayley was born, scientist and aerial navigator .
- 1822 - Louis Pasteur was born in Dole, France.[d. 1895]; French scientist, chemist and microbiologist whose contributions were among the most varied and valuable in the history of science and industry.
- 1831-Darwin began his historic voyage aboard the HMS Beagle.
- 1852 - Dom João G da Câmara was born, Portuguese journalist/songwriter.
- 1871 - World's 1st Cat show (Crystal Palace, London) .
- 1879 - Sydney Greenstreet was born, actor (1879) .
- 1884- Netherlands recognizes king Leopold II's Congo Free State .
- 1900- militant prohibitionist Carry A. Nation carried out her first public smashing of a bar, at the Carey Hotel in Wichita, Kan.
- 1901 -Marlene Dietrich was born, actress.
- 1904 - El Banfield Athletic Club se refunda como Club Atlético Banfield (Argentina).
- 1906 - Muere en Buenos Aires el político argentino Bernardo de Irigoyen.
- 1909 - Se funda el club Atlético Concepción, de Tucumán.
- 1915 - William H. Masters, was born [d. 1951]; William H(owell) Masters with his wife, Virginia Johnson, an American research team, and, respectively, physician and psychologist, noted for their studies of human sexuality.
- 1923 - Nasce em Lisboa o escultor Lagoa Henriques .
- 1925 - Michel Piccoli, was born in Paris France, actor (Topaz, Peril, May Fools).
- 1927 - the musical play "Show Boat," with music by Jerome Kern and libretto by Oscar Hammerstein II, opened at the Ziegfeld Theater in New York.
- 1932 - Radio City Music Hall in New York City opened.
- 1934 - Persia comienza a denominarse Irán, por disposición del Gobierno.
- 1939 -Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake (Erzincam Turkey) .
- 1943 - Joan Manuel Serrat was born in Barcelona, singer.
- 1943 -German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea.
- 1945-The World Bank was created with an agreement signed by 28 nations.
- 1945- 28 nations signed an agreement creating the World Bank.
- 1947 - the children’s television program "Howdy Doody" made its debut on NBC.
- 1947 - Primera Constitución italiana tras la Guerra Mundial.
- 1948 - Gerard Depardieu was born, actor (1948).
- 1949 - Jazz singer-musician T.S. Monk was born.
- 1949 - United States of Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands ~
- 1950 - Nace Roberto Bettega, delantero del fútbol italiano.
- 1951- 40th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Sydney (3-2) .
- 1951 - Nace Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León, quien fuera presidente de México de 1994 a 2000.
- 1952-Rock musician David Knopfler (Dire Straits) .
- 1956- 5.580 Egyptian prisoners of war are exchanged for four Israelis held by Egypt following the Tripartite Invasion.
- 1957 - James Sanford, was born, US runner (world record 50m indoor) .
- 1959 - Alfonso Reyes, Mexican Poet / Historian / diplomat, dies at 70.
- 1960 - ance detonates its third atomic device in the Sahara.
- 1968 - Apollo 8 returns to Earth
- 1978 - King Juan Carlos ratifies Spain's 1st democratic constitution.
- 1985- Palestinian guerrillas opened fire inside the Rome and Vienna airports; a total of 20 people were killed, including five of the attackers, who were slain by police and security personnel.
- 1988 - Hall Ashby, US director (Shampoo, 8 Million Ways to Die), dies at 59 .
- 1993 - Dow-Jones hits record 3792.93 .
- 1994 - Four Roman Catholic priests — three French and a Belgian — were shot to death in their rectory in Algiers, a day after French commandos killed four radicals who’d hijacked an Air France jet from Algiers to Marseille.
- 1996 -Rwanda's first genocide trial opened for the 1994 slaughter of 800,000 Tutsis.
Posted by Fernando Silva at segunda-feira, dezembro 27, 2004