O desafio aqui lançado em 26 de Janeiro de escolher os 20 melhores filmes da blogosfera foi acolhido até agora, tanto quanto sei pelos bloguistas que a seguir indico, com os agradecimentos:
1. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por "All Time by Nothingandall"
2. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por "Eu Sei Que Vou Te Amar"
3. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por "Clave de Lua II"
4. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por "Terras de Azurara"
5. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por "Sulista"
6. Os 20 melhores filmes de todos os tempos por “O-Observatório”
7. A lista actualizada pelo Terreiro
Parece que a partir daqui alguém partiu a corrente... Vamos lá a ver se a mesma retoma, e aqui deixo as "responsabilidades" para Terreiro que terá encomendado a tarefa de continuidade a Greensky.
Até este ponto a lista é composta pelos seguintes filmes:
East of Eden - 1955 (Ellia Kazan)
The Guns of Navarone - 1961 (J. Lee Thompson)
Blue Velvet - 1986 (David Linch)
Modern Times - 1936 (Charles Chaplin)
The Deer Hunter - 1978 (Michael Cimino)
Citizen Kane - 1941 (Orson Welles)
Raiders of the Lost Ark - 1981 (Steven Spielberg)
The Bridge on The River Kway - 1957 (David Lean)
Unforgiven - 1992 (Clint Eastwood)
Les uns et les Autres - 1981 (Claude Lelouch)
La vita è bella (Life is beautiful) - 1997 (Roberto Benigni)
One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest - 1975 (Milos Forman)
Nuovo Cinema Paradiso - 1988 (Giuseppe Tornatore)
Eyes Wide Shut - 1999 (Stanley Kubrick)
2001: A Space Odyssey - 1968 (Stanley Kubrick)
Apocalipse Now - 1979 (Francis Ford Coppola)
City of Angels (Cidade dos Anjos) - 1998 (Brad Silberling)
The Schindler's List (A Lista de Schindler) - 1993 (Steven Spielberg)
Matrix – 1999 (Andy Wachowski e Larry Wachowski)
The Aviator – 2004 (Martin Scorsese)
O desafio aqui lançado em 26 de Janeiro de escolher os 20 melhores filmes da blogosfera foi acolhido até agora, tanto quanto sei pelos bloguistas que a seguir indico, com os agradecimentos:
Entre lo que veo y digo,
entre lo que digo y callo,
entre lo que callo y sueño,
entre lo que sueño y olvido,
entre el sí y el no:
lo que callo,
lo que digo,
lo que olvido.
No es un decir:
es un hacer.
Es un hacer
que es un decir.
se dice y se oye:
Y apenas digo
¿Así es más real?
va y viene
entre lo que es
y lo que no es.
y los desteje.
siembra ojos en la página,
siembra palabras en los ojos.
Los ojos hablan,
las palabras miran,
las miradas piensan.
lo que decimos,
el cuerpo de la idea.
las palabras se abren.
Octavio Paz (n. Mexico City, 31 Mar 1914; m. 19 April 1998).
- 1084 - Anti-pope Clement III crowned German emperor Henry IV.
- 1128 - Num diploma desta data, o nome de D. Afonso Henriques aparece à frente de Fernão Peres de Trava, pela primeira vez, demonstrando a tentativa de pacificação entre D. Teresa, Fernão Peres de Trava e a nobreza portucalense revoltada.
- 1204 - Eleanor of Aquitaine dies (b. 1121). Queen of France and England.
- 1340 - Ivan I of Russia dies (b. 1288). Prince of Moscow.
- 1371 - É assinado o Tratado de Alcoutim entre D. Fernando e Henrique II de Castela, pelo qual se põe fim à guerra começada em 1369. D. Fernando abdicava das suas pretensões à coroa de Castela, obtendo em troca um alargamento do território de Portugal e o acordo para o seu casamento com a Infanta Dona Leonor, filha mais velha do rei de Castela.
- 1492 - Os reis Católicos, Fernando de Aragão e Isabel de Castela, assinam o decreto de expulsão dos judeus da Espanha.
- 1499 - Pope Pius IV was born (d. 1565).
- 1519 - Henry II of France was born (d. 1559).
- 1536 - Ashikaga Yoshiteru was born (d. 1565). Ashikaga shogun.
- 1567 - Philipp I of Hesse dies (b. 1504).
- 1596 - René Descartes was born in La Haye (d. 11 Feb 1650). French mathematician and philosopher. ("I think, therefore I am")
- 1621 - Philip III of Spain ( Philip II of Portugal) dies (b. 1578)./ Morte de Filipe II de Portugal, (Filipe III de Catela) nascido em 1578, sucedendo-lhe Filipe III com 16 anos.
- 1621 - Andrew Marvell was born (d. 1678). English poet.
- 1631 - John Donne dies (b. 1572). English writer and prelate.
- 1651 - Karl II, Elector Palatine was born (d. 1685).
- 1667 - Assinatura do tratado de aliança entre D. Afonso VI e Luís XIV (França), contra Carlos II de Espanha.
- 1675 - Pope Benedict XIV was born (d. 1758).
- 1693 - John Harrisson was born (d. 1776). English horologist and inventer /Nasceu o inventor inglês John Harrison, responsável pelo cronómetro .
- 1703 - Johann Christoph Bach, dies (b. 1642). German composer.
- 1703 - Portugal, Inglaterra e Holanda assinaram um tratado de aliança ofensiva e defensiva .
- 1711 - Ireland's last trial for witchcraft was at Magee Island.
- 1718 - Marianne Victoria of Borbón was born (d. 1781). Queen regent of Portugal.
- 1723 - King Frederick V of Denmark was born (d. 1766).
- 1723 - Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon dies (b. 1661). British Governor of New York and New Jersey
- 1727 - Sir Isaac Newton dies (b. 1643). Mathematician and physicist.
- 1732 - Joseph Haydn was born in Rohrau, Austria. ( d. 31 May 1809 in Vienna). Composer.
- 1741 - Pieter Burmann the Elder dies (b. 1668). Dutch classical scholar
- 1742 - P. D. Q. Bach was born (d. 1807). Fictitious composer.
- 1745 - Jews were expelled from Prague.
- 1777 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour was born (d. 1859). French physicist.
- 1778 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck was born (d. 1858). Dutch zoologist.
- 1783 - Nikita Ivanovich Panin dies (b. 1718). Russian statesman.
- 1791 - Mozart aceita a encomenda anónima de um Requiem, enquanto última a composição da Flauta Mágica.
- 1806 - Benito Juarez was born (d. 1872). Mexican statesman.
- 1809 - Edward FitzGerald was born (d. 1883). English poet.
- 1809 - Nikolai Gogol was born (d. 1852). Russian writer.
- 1811 - Robert Wilhelm Bunsen was born (d. 1899). Chemist, inventor: Bunsen burner.
- 1829 - Pius VIII was elected pope.
- 1837 - John Constable dies (b. 1776). English painter.
- 1839 - Las fuerzas gubernamentales del general y político argentino Juan Manuel de Rosas masacran a los sublevados del barón de Astrada, quien perece en la lucha.
- 1855 - Charlotte Brontë dies (b. 1816). English author.
- 1864 - Manuel Murillo Toro is elected President of Colombia.
- 1866 - Spanish Navy bombs the harbour of Valparaíso, Chile .
- 1870 - Thomas Peterson Mundy of New Jersey becomes the first black man to cast a ballot after the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives blacks the right to vote.
- 1878 - La Asamblea Nacional de Ecuador promulga una Nueva Constitución bajo la presidencia de Ignacio Veintimilla.
- 1878 - Jack Johnson was born (d. 1946). African-American boxer.
- 1879 - Se establece por decreto en Venezuela el bolívar como moneda nacional.
- 1880 - Henryk Wieniawski dies.Polish composer .
- 1881 - Sigmund Freud received his MD degree from the University of Vienna. During his career as a medical student, Freud discovered that cocaine could be used as an analgesic.
- 1885 - Pascin was born (d. 1930). Bulgarian painter, The "Prince of Montparnasse".
- 1885 - Franz Wilhelm Abt dies (b. 1819). German composer.
- 1889 - The Eiffel Tower built for the Paris World's Fair is opened to public.
- 1891 - Victor Varconi was born (d. 19876). Hungarian film actor.
- 1908 – Eugénio Salvador was born (d. 1992). Portuguese actor / Nascimentop, em Lisboa, do grande actor português, Eugénio Salvador (m. 1992). [Aqui D'El Rei! (1992) (TV) . A Maluquinha de Arroios (1970) Bonança & C.a (1969) Passagem de Nível (1965) Aqui Há Fantasmas (1964) Parque das Ilusões, O (1963) Pupilas do Senhor Reitor, As (1961) Vidas Sem Rumo (1956) Comissário de Polícia, O (1953) Duas Causas (1953) Três da Vida Airada, Os (1952) Um Marido Solteiro (1952); Eram Duzentos Irmãos (1952); Madragoa (1952); Sonhar É Fácil (1951); Sol e Toiros (1949) ; Fado, História d'uma Cantadeira (1948); Cais do Sodré (1946) ;Maria Papoila (1937/I) Lisboa (1930)].
- 1911 - Elisabeth Grümmer was born (d. 1986). Alsatian soprano.
- 1912 - Hermann Höcherl was born (d. 1989). German politician.
- 1912 - Karl May dies (b. 1842). Author.
- 1913 - John Pierpont Morgan dies (b. 1837). American financier and banker.
- 1915 - Albert Hourani was born (d. 1993). English historian.
- 1915 - Wyndham Halswelle dies (b. 1882). British runner .
- 1915 - Sixto (Doroteo) Palavecino was born in Barrancas, Salavina. Argentine musician.
- 1917 - Estados Unidos toma posesión de las islas Vírgenes, compradas a Dinamarca por vinte millones de dólares .
- 1922 - Richard Kiley was born (d. 1999). American actor, singer.
- 1924 - Leo Buscaglia was born (d. 1998). American author.
- 1926 - John Fowles was born (d. 2005). English author .
- 1927 - César Chávez was born (d. 1993). American labor activist.
- 1927 - William Daniels was born. American actor .
- 1928 - Gordie Howe was born. Canadian ice hockey player .
- 1928 - Lefty Frizzell was born (d. 1975). American singer and songwriter.
- 1929 - Lucille Bliss was born. American voice actress.
- 1929 - Liz Claiborne was born. Belgian fashion designer.
- 1932 - Nagisa Oshima was born in Kyoto, Japan. Director, Writer, Editor, Actor, Director [ (TV) Kyoto, My Mother's Place (1991); Max mon amour (1986); Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence (1983) ; Ai no borei (1978) aka Empire of Passion (USA); Ai no corrida (1976) aka Bullfight of Love (Japan: literal English title).. aka Empire of the Senses; The Battle of Tsushima (1975) ; Natsu no imoto (1972)... aka Dear Summer Sister; Shonen (1969)... aka Boy (USA);Nihon shunka-kô (1967)... aka A Treatise on Japanese Bawdy Songs; Ai to kibo no machi (1959)... aka A Street of Love and Hope (literal English title) and many others.].
- 1933 - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.
- 1933 - El presidente de Uruguay, Gabriel Terra, da un golpe de Estado y disuelve el Parlamento.
- 1934 - Shirley Jones was born. American singer and actress .
- 1935 - Judith Rossner was born. American author.
- 1935 - Richard Chamberlain was born. American actor (Dr. Kildare) .
- 1935 - Herb Alpert was born. American trumpeter an band leader.
- 1935 – Ruth Escobar was born. Brazilian actress, journalist and politician.
- 1939 - Volker Schlöndorff was born. German film director .
- 1941 - Cox v. New Hampshire : The Supreme Court unanimously upheld the convictions of Jehovah's Witnesses for engaging in a public parade without a license.
- 1943 - Christopher Walken was born. American actor.
- 1945 - Valerie Curtin was born. American actress, writer, and producer.
- 1945 - Gabe Kaplan was born. American actor and comedian.
- 1947 - En Paraguay, las fuerzas rebeldes contra el Gobierno de Higinio Moriñigo son derrotadas en Piripuco.
- 1948 - Rhea Perlman was born. American actress .
- 1948 - Aprovação pelo Congresso dos Estados Unidos da América do chamado "Plano Marshall".
- 1949 - Newfoundland becomes the 10th province in Canada.
- 1949 - Terranova ingresa en la Federación Canadiense, y se constituye en la décima provincia de Canadá.
- 1950 - Ed Marinaro was born. American football player and actor.
- 1950 - Andras Adorjan was born. Hungarian chess player,
- 1952 - Wallace H. White, Jr. dies (b. 1877). U.S. Senator from Maine.
- 1953 - Foram descobertos os "Manuscritos do Mar Morto" .
- 1954 - Edwin Armstrong dies (b. 1890). American electrical engineer and inventor.
- 1956 - Ralph DePalma dies (b. 1884). Italian-born race car driver.
- 1957 - Marc McClure was born. American actor.
- 1966 - Roger Black was born. British athlete .
- 1968 - President Lyndon Johnson announces he will not run for re-election.
- 1971 - Ewan McGregor was born. Scottish actor .
- 1971 - Pavel Bure was born. Russian ice hockey player.
- 1972 - Alejandro Amenábar was born in Santiago. Chilean actor, writer and film director.
- 1973 - Bold Forbes was born (d. 2000). Puerto Rican racehorse.
- 1974 - Benjamin Eicher was born. Swiss film director
- 1976 - The New Jersey Supreme Court sets a precedent, ruling that coma patient Karen Anne Quinlan can be taken off life support so she can "die with dignity."
- 1978 - Stephen Clemence was born. English footballer.
- 1978 - Jérôme Rothen was born. French footballer
- 1978 - Charles Best dies (b. 1899). Canadian medical scientist.
- 1980 - Jesse Owens dies in Phoenix, Arizona (b. 1913). American track-and-field legend.
- 1980 - Vladimír Holan dies (b. 1905). Czech poet.
- 1981 - Enid Bagnold dies (b. 1889). British author and playwright.
- 1982 - Tal Ben Haim was born. Israeli footballer.
- 1982 - Philippe Mexès was born. French footballer.
- 1984 - El presidente de Honduras, Roberto Suazo Córdova, asume el mando temporal de las Fuerzas Armadas.
- 1984 - Ronald Clark O'Bryan dies executed (b. 1944). American murderer.
- 1985 - The Singing Nun dies (b. 1933). Belgian nun and singer.
- 1986 - Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England .
- 1987 - El Papa, Juan Pablo II, llega a Montevideo en su octava visita a Iberoamérica.
- 1989 - Yaser Arafat es proclamado presidente de Palestina por decisión unánime de los 70 miembros del Comité Central de la OLP.
- 1990 - El político español José María Aznar es elegido presidente del Partido Popular.
- 1991 - The Warsaw Pact comes to an end.
- 1991 - British Telecom changes its name into 'BT'.
- 1992 - Boris Yeltsin firma en Moscú el Tratado de la Federación con 18 repúblicas rusas.
- 1992 - A inflação no Brasil atinge um pico recorde de 84,3% no mês. Nos últimos 12 meses a inflação havia chegado a 4.854%
- 1993 - O Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas aprovam o uso de força militar na Iugoslávia.
- 1995 - Selena dies (b. 1971). American singer.
- 1998 - Bella Abzug dies (b. 1920). American politician.
- 1999 - Yuri Knorosov dies (b. 1922). Russian linguist and epigrapher.
- 2000 - Cuffley v. Mickes : The Ku Klux Klan applied to participate in Missouri's Adopt-A-Highway program, but were denied because of their beliefs. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Klan.
- 2002 - Barry Took dies (b. 1928). British comedian and writer.
- 2003 - H.S.M. Coxeter dies (b. 1907). English-born geometer and author.
- 2003 - Michael Jeter dies. Actor .
- 2003 - Tommy Seebach dies (b. 1949). Danish singer.
- 2005 - After 13 days without her feeding tube, Terri Schiavo dies in Florida. Terri Schiavo fell into a coma brought on buy her bulimia and the loss of blood flow to her brain caused it to die - her cerebral cortex was gone and spinal fluid was all that remains. Terri Schiavo's husband, Michael, wanted the feeding tube removed and said that was what she would have wanted. All courts agreed, but Terri Schiavo's parents fought it - and lost
- 2005 - Stanley J. Korsmeyer dies (b. 1951). American oncologist.
- 2005 - Frank Perdue dies (b. 1920). American poultry farmer.
- Brasil: Dia da Integração Nacional
Basel 2 - 0 Middlesbrough
Sevilla 4 - 1 Zenit
Levski 1 - 3 Schalke
Rapid Bucuresti 1 - 1 Steaua
The second leg is scheduled for 6 April
Posted by Fernando Silva at quinta-feira, Março 30, 2006
- 0239 -BC- 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
- 1191 - Celestine III was elected pope.
- 1202 - Joachim Van Fiore dies. Italian, founder of Joachimism.
- 1266 - As Vésperas Sicilianas: o povo de Palermo, capital da Sicília, levanta-se contra Carlos de Anjou, após a cerimónia das Vésperas. A revolta terminará com a coroação do rei de Aragão Pedro III, o Grande, chamado para ocupar o trono.
- 1282 - Rebels in Sicily successful overthrew French rule under Charles of Anjou. The rebel leaders wrote to Pope Martin IV for support, but Martin promised to assist Charles in reclaiming control of the island.
- 1326 - Ivan II of Russia was born (d. 1359). Grand Duke of Muscovy.
- 1526 - Konrad Mutian dies (b. 1471). German humanist.
- 1533 - Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
- 1540 - Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg dies (b. 1469). German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg.
- 1544 - El padre Bartolomé de las Casas es consagrado en Sevilla obispo de la diócesis mexicana de Chiapas.
- 1559 - Adam Ries dies (b. 1492). German mathematician.
- 1587 - Ralph Sadler dies (b. 1507). English statesman.
- 1615 - Se otorga a Cervantes autorización real para la impresión de la segunda parte de "El Quijote".
- 1620 - El Papa Paulo V crea la Diócesis Episcopal de Buenos Aires.
- 1640 - John Trenchard was born (d. 1695). English politican.
- 1662 - François le Métel de Boisrobert dies (b. 1592). French poet.
- 1672 - Peter I "the Great" was born. Romanov great tsar of Russia (1682-1725).
- 1681 - Peeter Snyers “le Saint”, was born (d. 04 May 1752). Flemish painter/engraver.
- 1707 - Vauban dies (b. 1633). French architect.
- 1719 - Sir John Hawkins, author of the first history of music, was born.
- 1746 - Francisco Goya [Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes] was born in Fuentedetodos, Spain (d. 16 Apr 1828). Painter /etcher (Naked Maja).
- 1764 - Pietro Locatelli dies (b. 1695). Italian violinist and composer.
- 1778 - Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath Id-al-Adha (Islam) .
- 1783 - William Hunter dies (b. 23 May 1718). Scotish anatomist, educator, and medical writer whose high standards of teaching and medical practice took obstetrics from the hands of the midwives and established it as an accepted branch of medicine .
- 1791 - After a proposal by the Académie des sciences (Borda, Lagrange, Laplace, Monge and Condorcet), the French National Assembly finally chose that a metre would be a 1/10 000 000 of the distance between the north pole and the equator.
- 1793 - Juan Manuel de Rosas was born. Argentine politician.
- 1798 - Luise Hensel was born (d. 1876). German poet.
- 1804 - Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie dies (b. 1718). Marshal of France.
- 1811 - Robert Wilhelm von Bunsen was born. Chemist and inventor.
- 1811 - El Congreso Constituyente de Colombia, presidido por Jorge Tadeo Lozano, aprueba la Constitución de Cundinamarca.
- 1822 - Florida Territory created in the United States.
- 1823 - Se establece en México el sistema republicano de Gobierno.
- 1828 - François-Louis-David Bocion was born in Lausanne (d. 13 Dec 1890). Swiss painter.
- 1832 - Stephen Groombridge dies (b. 7 Jan 1755).English merchant and astronomer, who compiled of a star catalog known by his name. A Catalog of Circumpolar Stars, Reduced to January 1, 1810 was published posthumously in 1838, edited by G. Biddell Airy.
- 1833 - Charles Victor Thirion was born (d. 27 Apr 1878). French artist.
- 1840 - Beau Brummell dies destitute and mad, in Caen, France. English celebrity and dandy.
- 1842 - Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation (Dr. Crawford Long performed the operation and ether was used).
- 1842 - Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun dies (b. 16 Apr 1755). French Neoclassical painter specialized in Portraits. Starting in 1835, she wrote Souvenirs, her autobiography.
- 1844 - Paul Verlaine was born (d. 1896). French lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
- 1845 - España firma un tratado con Venezuela, por el que reconoce la independencia y soberanía de este país.
- 1852 - James Theodore Bent was born (d. 5 May 1897). British explorer and archaeologist who excavated the magnificent Iron Age ruined city named the Great Zimbabwe, an ancient site in SE Africa that inspired the name of the country Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia).
- 1853 - Vincent van Gogh was born (d. 29 Jul 1890). Dutch Post-Impressionist painter (Irises)
- 1855 - Violence disrupts first Kansas election .
- 1857 - Leon Charles Thevenin was born (d. 1926). French telegraph engineer.
- 1863 - Auguste Bravais dies (b. 23 Aug 1811). French physicist and mineralogist, best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of crystals.
- 1863 - Mary Whiton Calkins was born (d. 26 Feb 1930). As an educator and psychologist, she was the first American woman to attain distinction in these fields of study. Calkins studied psychology at Harvard as a "guest," since women could not officially register.
- 1864 - Franz Oppenheimer was born (d. 1943). German sociologist.
- 1866 - Peter Philippi was born (d. 1958). German artist.
- 1868 - Koloman Moser was born (d. 18 Oct 1918). Austrian painter.
- 1870 - 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race.
- 1873 - Benedict Augustin Morel dies (b. 22 Nov 1809). Austrian-born French psychologist who introduced the term dementia praecox to refer to a mental and emotional deterioration beginning at the time of puberty. The disorder was renamed schizophrenia in 1908 by the Swiss psychologist Eugen Bleuler. He is the author of "Traité des dégenerescences physiques, intellectuelles et morales de l'espèce humaine" (1857).
- 1875 - Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield dies. Argentine statesman and author of the Civil Code ( Código Civil).
- 1875 - Jonathan Campbell was born (d. 1942). Film pioneer.
- 1876 - Antoine-Jérôme Balard dies (b. 30 Sept 1802). French chemist who in 1826 discovered the element bromine, determined its properties, and studied some of its compounds. Later he proved the presence of bromine in sea plants and animals .
- 1879 - Coen de Koning was born (d.1954). Dutch speed skater.
- 1879 - Thomas Couture dies (b. 21 Dec 1818). French painter and teacher.
- 1880 - Sean O'Casey was born (d. 1964). Irish dramatist, playwright (Playboy of the Western World) .
- 1882 - Melanie Klein was born. Austrian-British psycho analysis.
- 1882 - Ramón Mesonero Romanos dies. Writer.
- 1885 - Las tropas invasoras guatemaltecas son derrotadas por las salvadoreñas en una batalla librada en los márgenes del río Coco.
- 1885 - Russian troops inflicted a crushing defeat on Afghan forces Ak Teppe despite orders not to fight.
- 1886 - Edmund Blampied was born (d. 1966). English painter.
- 1891 - Arthur William Sidney Herrington was born (d. 6 Sep 1970). American engineer and manufacturer who developed a series of military vehicles, the best known of which was the World War II jeep.
- 1892 - Stefan Banach was born (d. 31 Aug 1945). Polish mathematician who founded modern functional analysis and helped develop the theory of topological vector spaces.
- 1892 - Fortunato Depero was born (d. 1960). Italian artist.
- 1894 - Sergey Ilyushin was born (d. 1977). Russian aerospace engineer.
- 1895 - British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge .
- 1900 - El Gobierno argentino decreta la reforma de algunas frases del himno nacional que España podría considerar ofensivas.
- 1900 - Ted Heath was born (d. 1969). British musician and band leader.
- 1902 - Brooke Astor was born. American philanthropist.
- 1903 - Countee Cullen was born (d. 1946). American poet.
- 1910 - Józef Marcinkiewicz was born (d. 1940). Mathematician.
- 1911 - Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 meter) completed.
- 1911 - Ellen Swallow Richards dies (b. 3 Dec 1842). Ellen Henrietta Swallow was an American chemist and founder of the home economics movement in the United States.
- 1912 - Karl May dies (b. 1842). German author, novelist.
- 1913 - Frankie Laine was born. American singer.
- 1913 - Marc Davis was born (d. 2000). American animator.
- 1913 - Richard Helms was born (d. 2002). American Central Intelligence Agency director.
- 1914 - John Henry Poynting dies (b. 9 Sep 1852).British physicist who introduced a theorem (1884-85) that assigns a value to the rate of flow of electromagnetic energy known as the Poynting vector, introduced in his paper "On the Transfer of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field"(1884).
- 1916 - El músico Enrique Granados muere a bordo del Sussex, torpedeado por los alemanes.
- 1916 - Pancho Villa killed 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.
- 1922 - Os aviadores portugueses Gago Coutinho e Sacadura Cabral iniciaram a sua Travessia Aérea do Atlântico.
- 1922 - Turhan Bey was born. Turkish-Czechoslovakian actor.
- 1923 - Milton Acorn was born (d. 1986). Canadian poet.
- 1925 - Stalin supported rights of non-Serbian Yugoslavians.
- 1925 - Rudolf Steiner dies. Austrian philosopher.
- 1927 - Se publica en Madrid la "Antología poética en honor de Góngora", recopilada por Gerardo Diego.
- 1928 - Robert Badinter was born. French politician.
- 1929 - Richard Dysart was born. American actor.
- 1929 - Thomas Tuke dies (b. 12 Jun 1858). British painter .
- 1930 - John Astin was born. American actor .
- 1930 - Rolf Harris was born. Australian artist, entertainer .
- 1930 - Peter Marshall was born. American game show host .
- 1931 - Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin was born. Russian cosmonaut.
- 1932 - Amelia Earhart is 1st woman to fly solo cross the Atlantic.
- 1932 - Ted Morgan was born. Swiss-born writer.
- 1937 - Warren Beatty was born in Richmond VA - USA. Actor and director (actor: Splendor in the Grass, The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Bonnie and Clyde, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, The Parallax View, Shampoo, Heaven Can Wait, Reds, Dick Tracy, Bulworth, Town and Country; Academy Award-winning director: Reds ; Heaven Can Wait, Dick Tracy, Bulworth; Irving G. Thalberg Memorial [Academy] Award ).
- 1940 - The Japanese set up a puppet government called Manchuko in Nanking, China.
- 1940 - Astrud Gilberto was born. Brazilian singer and composer (Girl From Ipanema).
- 1940 - Jerry Lucas was born. American basketball player.
- 1941 - The U.S. seized Italian, German and Danish ships in 16 ports.
- 1941 - Graeme Edge was born in Rochester, Staffordshire. Musician (drums: "The Moody Blues" : Nights in White Satin, LP: Kick Off Your Muddy Boots, Long Distance Voyager).
- 1944 - Sir Charles Vernon Boys dies (b.15 Mar 1855). English physicist and inventor of sensitive instruments.
- 1945 - Eric Clapton was born. Blues guitarist (Yardbirds, Cream, Tears in Heaven) .
- 1945 - 289 anti-fascists murdered by Nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund .
- 1945 - World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna.
- 1945 - A cidade polaca de Danzig foi tomada pelas tropas soviéticas .
- 1946 - Academy Award radio, an anthology radio show on CBS, debuts on this day.
- 1947 - Arthur Machen dies (b. 1863). Author.
- 1947 - Rioting between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay leave 40 dead and more than 100 wounded.
- 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi .
- 1949 - Marcia Ball was born. Blues pianist .
- 1949 - Lene Lovich was born in Detroit, Michigan, USA . American-born singer, best known for her work in the early New Wave era .
- 1949 - José Natividad González Parás was born. Mexican politician.
- 1949 - Friedrich Bergius dies (b. 11 Oct 1884). German chemist, who invented converting coal dust and hydrogen directly into gasoline and lubricating oils without isolating intermediate products, (Stuttgart, 25 June 1921). For his work in developing the chemical high pressure hydrogenation method necessary for this process he shared the 1931 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Carl Bosch of Germany.
- 1950 - Léon Blum dies (b. 1872). French prime minister.
- 1950 - Robbie Coltrane was born. Scotish actor, comedian.
- 1950 - the invention of the phototransistor was announced. This was a transistor operated by light rather than electric current, invented by Dr. John Northrup Shive of the Bell Telephone Laboratories at Murray Hill, N.J. .
- 1952 - Peter Knights was born. Australian footballer and coach.
- 1953 - Einstein announced his revised unified field theory.
- 1954 - Nascimento de Rosi Campos (Rosângela Martins Campos), atriz brasileira, em Bragança Paulista-SP.
- 1954 - Fritz Wolfgang London dies (b. 7 Mar 1900). German-American physicist who, with Walter Heitler, devised the first quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen molecule, while working with Schrödinger at the University of Zurich.
- 1955 - 27th Academy Awardst at The RKO Pantages Theater in Los Angeles : "On the Waterfront",(Sam Spiegel, producer) won Oscars for Best Picture, Director (Elia Kazan), Actor (Marlon Brando), Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint) and more (art direction, cinematography, film editing, writing). Grace Kelly was voted Best Actress for "The Country Girl" . Best Supporting Actor was Edmond O’Brien for "The Barefoot Contessa" and Best Music/Song Oscars went to Jule Styne (music), Sammy Cahn (lyrics) for "Three Coins in the Fountain" from the flick of the same name.
- 1956 - Bill Butler was born. Scottish politician.
- 1957 - Paul Reiser was born. American actor.
- 1958 - Maurice LaMarche was born. Canadian voice actor.
- 1959 - Daniil Andreev dies (b. 1906). Russian writer and mystic.
- 1962 - MC Hammer was born. American rapper.
- 1964 - Tracy Chapman was born. Grammy Award-winning folk, pop singer-songwriter Singer (Freedom Now, I Got a Fast Car).
- 1964 - Ian Ziering was born. American actor.
- 1964 - Nascimento de Vera Zimmermmann (Vera Alice Santos Zimmermann), atriz brasileira, em Santos-SP.
- 1965 - Philip Showalter Hench dies (b. 28 Feb 1896). American physician who was one of the leaders in American rheumatology. He shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950(with Edward C. Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein of Switzerland) for discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects .
- 1966 - Maxfield Parrish dies (b. 1870). American artist.
- 1967 - Megumi Hayashibara was born. Japanese seiyū.
- 1968 - General Ludvik Svoboda was elected president of Czechoslovakia.
- 1968 - Donna D'Errico was born. Actress (Baywatch) model, playmate (September 1995) .
- 1968 - Céline Dion was in Québec. Canadian singer (I'm Your Woman).
- 1968 - Bobby Driscoll dies (b. 1937). American actor.
- 1970 - Mark Consuelos was born. American actor.
- 1972 - Northern Ireland's provincial government and parliament were suspended and Britain imposed direct rule from London for one year.
- 1972 - Gabriel Heatter dies (b. 1890). American radio commentator.
- 1973 - Ellsworth Bunker resigned as U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam, and was succeeded by Graham A. Martin.
- 1975 - Da Nang fell as 100,000 South Vietnamese soldiers surrender after being abandoned by their commanding officers. As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mobbed rescue jets. General Vo Nguyen Giap masterminded the North Vietnamese victory.
- 1976 - España: se emplea el vasco en el Ayuntamiento de San Sebastián, después de 40 años.
- 1976 - Obadele Thompson was born. Barbadian athlete .
- 1977 - Trans World Airlines v. Hardison: The Supreme Court decided 7-2 that TWA went far enough in attempting to accommodate Hardison's religious beliefs and that the company was justified in firing him when he refused to comply with his work assignments.
- 1977 - Sergey Ilyushin dies (b. 1894). Russian aerospace engineer.
- 1978 - Chris Paterson was born. Scottish rugby player.
- 1979 - José María Velasco Ibarra dies. Equatorian politic.
- 1979 - Norah Jones was born. Musician.
- 1980 - Se constituye en la ciudad de Guernica el Parlamento Vasco.
- 1980 - Paul Wall was born. American rapper.
- 1981 - President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by a deranged drifter named John Hinckley Jr.
- 1981 - DeWitt Wallace dies (b. 1889). American publisher.
- 1984 - Anna Nalick was born. American singer and songwriter.
- 1984 Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School v. Grumet: The Supreme Court found that a school district boundary was unconstitutionally drawn to deliberately aid a particular religious group.
- 1984 - Karl Rahner dies (b. 1904). German theologian.
- 1985 - Harold Peary dies (b. 1908). American actor and singer.
- 1986 - Una mujer sometida en Londres a fecundación "in vitro", Linda Jacobsen, da a luz quintillizos.
- 1986 - James Cagney dies at his Stanfordville NY farm (b. 1899); American Academy Award actor (Public Enemy, Angels With Dirty Faces, Yankee Doodle Dandy ...).
- 1987 - 59th Academy Awards Cerimony took place at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center. Chevy Chase, Goldie Hawn and Paul Hogan ("Crocodile Dundee") hosted. : Best Picture "Platoon" (Arnold Kopelson, producer); Best Director: Oliver Stone for "Platoon"; Best Actor : Paul Newman ( for "The Color of Money"); Best Actress: Marlee Matlin for "Children of a Lesser God"; Best Supporting Actor: Michael Caine for "Hannah and Her Sisters"; Best Supporting Actress: Dianne Wiest for "Hannah and Her Sisters" and Best Music/Song: Giorgio Moroder (music), Tom Whitlock (lyrics) for "Take My Breath Away" from "Top Gun". And HBO (Home Box Office) earned its first Oscar as "Down and Out in America" tied for Best Documentary feature.
- 1992 - Dimite el Gobierno brasileño por denuncias de corrupción del presidente, Fernando Collor.
- 1992 - 64th Academy Awards. Billy Crystal was host. "The Silence of the Lambs" won five Oscars, including Best Picture, the Best Director Oscar for Jonathan Demme, the Best Actor for Anthony Hopkins and the Best Actress for Jodie Foster. Jack Palance won Best Supporting Actor for playing Curly in "City Slickers" and the Best Supporting Actress Oscar was claimed by Mercedes Ruehl for "The Fisher King".
- 1992 - Incorporação no Exército das primeiras mulheres.
- 1992 - Manolis Andronicos dies (b. 23 Oct 1919).Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal tombs in northern Greece, possibly belonging to the Macedonian King Philip II, the father of Alexander III the Great.
- 1993 - In Sarajevo, two Serb militiamen were sentenced to death for war crimes committed in Bosnia.
- 1993 - Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election .
- 1994 - Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to fight each other.
- 1995 - Pope John Paul II issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
- 1997 - José Rovirosa dies. Mexican film director and producer.
- 1997 - Steve Elkington wins Golf's Players Championship .
- 1998 - Armenia: Prime Minister Robert Kocharian won the runoff vote with 59%.
- 1998 - In Britain the Rolls-Royce company of Vickers PLC was sold to BMW of Germany for $570 million.
- 1998 - El tenista chileno Marcelo Ríos se ubica primero en la clasificación de la ATP.
- 1999 - Michel Etcheverry dies (b. 16 Dec 1919). French actor.
- 1999 - Gary Morton dies (b. 1924). American film and television producer.
- 1999 - A jury in Portland, Oregon orders Phillip Morris to pay $81,000,000 to the family of a man who died of lung cancer after smoking Marlboros for four decades.
- 2001 - David Waters is sentenced for the murders of Madalyn Murray O'Hair, her son Jon Garth, and her granddaughter Robin O'Hair.
- 2002 - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon dies in her sleep at Royal Lodge, Windsor (b. 1900). Queen Mother of the United Kingdom.
- 2002 - A suicide bomber, Mohammad Salahat (22), struck in Tel Aviv and 32 people were injured. Israeli troops sealed Arafat in his Ramallah compound. A Hamas suicide bomber killed 15 Israelis at the Matza restaurant in Haifa.
- 2002 - The Angola government and Unita signed a preliminary cease-fire agreement. The deal carved up the nation’s diamond mines among officials in Luanda and the rebels.
- 2003 - In Netanya, Israel, Rami Ghanem (20), a Palestinian suicide bomber, exploded near the London Café and at least 30 people were injured. The Islamic Jihad called the attack "Palestine's gift to the heroic people of Iraq."
- 2003 - Rudolf Walter Leonhardt dies. German journalist.
- 2003 - Valentin Pavlov dies (b. 1937). Prime minister of the Soviet Union.
- Alistair Cooke (b.1908), television host and author, died in NYC at age 95. His books included "Alistair Cooke's America" (1972).
- 2003 - Michael Jeter dies (b. 1952). American actor.
- 2004 - Hubert Gregg dies (b. 1914). British broadcaster.
- 2004 - Michael King dies (b. 1945). New Zealand historian.
- 2004 - Timi Yuro dies (b. 1940). American singer.
- 2004 - Alistair Cooke dies (b. 1908). English-born journalist, television host and author. His books included "Alistair Cooke's America" (1972).
- 2004 - A boat carrying 107 people sank during the crossing from Somalia to Yemen and only four other people, including two crew members, were rescued.
- 2005 - Robert Creeley dies in Odessa (b. 1926). American poet.
- 2005 - Milton Green dies (b. 1913). American athlete.
- 2005 - Fred Korematsu dies (b. 1919). American civil rights activist.
- 2005 - O. V. Vijayan dies (b. 1930). Indian author and cartoonist.
- 2005 - Derrick Plourde dies (b. 1971). American punk drummer.
- 2006 - Ugadi: Hindu New Years Day. Many believe that Brahma started the creation on this day.
Posted by Fernando Silva at quinta-feira, Março 30, 2006