Pois é. A culpa foi:
a) do Robert que atirou à baliza com demasiada força;
b) do árbitro que assinalou desta vez ( também como é que ele ia adivinhar que aquilo podia dar golo?) a falta;
c) dos dirigentes do Porto que em vez de emprestar o Bruno Vale ao Estrela da Amadora deviam era ter emprestado o Baía;
d) da bola que caprichosamente não se limitou a ultrapassar a linha de golo mas quiz mesmo beijar as malhas da baliza....
Ou já se esqueceram do perú de Baía no ano passado e que não valeu ?
"A falta de sorte, os efeitos caprichosos desta nova bola, o talento de Robert tem para cobrar livres e a falta de Baía em corrigir a tempo ditaram uma derrota que foi muito pouco justificada pelo que o Benfica jogou". Depois de dizer isto em sub-título, passa 3/4 da crónica a dizer mal de Co Adriaanse. Afinal em que ficamos?
Foi a falta de sorte, os efeitos caprichosos da bola , o talento de Robert em cobrar livres, a azelhice do Baía ou o Co Adriaanse? Ou a menoridade do Porto já que este "Benfica de anteontem seria tranquilamente digerido sem espinhas por um FC Portoi normal, orientado por alguém com ideias normais- tais como ganhar de vez em quando"?
Custa muito perder com o Benfica, não custa? A ponto das ideias ficarem todas (ainda mais) baralhadas do que o costume...
- 0870 - The Fourth Constantinople Council closed, under Pope Adrian II in the West and Emperor Basil I in the East. The council had condemned iconoclasm, and became the last ecumenical council held in the Eastern Mediterranean area.
- 1066 - Westminster Abbey opens.
- 1261 - Henry III, Duke of Brabant dies
- 1326 - Duke Leopold I of Austria dies.
- 1453 - Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine dies (b. 1400)
- 1485 - Niclas, Graf von Abensberg dies (b. 1441). German soldier.
- 1525 - O último imperador azteca, Cuauhtemoc, é torturado e executado pelo conquistador espanhol Hernan Cortes.
- 1533 - Michel de Montaigne was born (d. 1592), French essayist and philosopher.
- 1552 - Joost Bürgi was born (d. 31 Jan 1632). Swiss/German mathematician who invented logarithms independently of the Scottish mathematician John Napier.
- 1561 - Ambroise Paré published La méthode curative des playes et fractures de la teste humaine ("Treatment method for wounds and fractures of the human head").
- 1572 - Aegidius Tschudi dies (b. 1505). Swiss historian.
- 1594 - O médico de Elizabeth I, Roger Loper, é preso por suposta conspiração para envenenar a Rainha .
- 1609 - Paul Sartorius dies at 39. Composer.
- 1612 - John Pearson was born (d. 1686). English theologian.
- 1621 - Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany dies (b. 1590)
- 1644 - Holandeses abandonam São Luís e a capitania do Maranhão volta ao domínio português.
- 1648 - King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway dies (b. 1577)
- 1670 - Benjamin Wadsworth was born (d. 1737). American President of Harvard University.
- 1675 - Guillaume Delisle was born (d. 1726). French cartographer.
- 1683 - René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur was born (d. 17 Oct 1757). French scientist active in various fields, and the foremost entomologist of the early 18th century .
- 1704 - Louis Godin was born (d. 1760). French astonomer.
- 1712 - Louis-Joseph de Montcalm was born (d. 1759). French military commander.
- 1724 - George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend was born (d. 1807). British field marshal.
- 1736 - Por decreto, a Coroa portuguesa, obriga a que o transporte de ouro, diamantes e outras pedras preciosas do Brasil, se faça exclusivamente nos cofres das frotas.
- 1746 - Hermann von der Hardt dies (b. 1660). German historian.
- 1786 - John Gwynn dies (b. 1713). English architect and engineer.
- 1788 - Thomas Cushing dies (b. 1725). American Continental Congressman.
- 1797 - Mary Lyon was born , educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame).
- 1806 - Forças francesas capturam Barcelona, Espanha.
- 1811 - Comienza el movimiento pro independencia de Uruguay, a orillas del río Asensio.
- 1820 - John Tenniel was born (d. 1914). English illustrator.
- 1823 - Ernest Renan was born (d. 1892). French philosopher.
- 1825 - Assinatura de um tratado entre a Grã-Bretanha e a Rússia fixando os limites fronteiriços entre o Canadá e o Alasca, então uma possessão russa.
- 1827 - Blondin was born (d. 1897). French tightrope walker whose spectacular crossings of Niagara Falls (USA/Canada) made him world famous.
- 1830 - O Visconde de Caramuru, presidente da Bahia (Brasil) é assassinado por um desconhecido.
- 1833 - Alfred von Schlieffen was born (d. 1913). German field marshal.
- 1847 - Batalla de Sacramento: los EE.UU. derrotan a México.
- 1857 - André Dumont dies (b. 1809). Belgian geologist.
- 1859 - Florian Cajori was born (d. 14 Aug 1930). Swiss-born U.S. educator and mathematician whose works on the history of mathematics were among the most eminent of his time.
- 1869 - Alphonse de Lamartine dies. French statesman and poet.
- 1877 - Henri-Édouard-Prosper Breuil was born (d. 14 Aug 1961). French archaeologist especially noted as an authority on prehistoric cave paintings of Europe and Africa.
- 1882 - Geraldine Farrar was born (d. 1967). American soprano.
- 1882 - José Vasconcelos was born in Oaxaca. Mexican thinker and politician.
- 1885 - Batalla de Barranquilla entre los sublevados en Colombia contra el presidente de la República, Rafael Núñez, y los rebeldes.
- 1891 - Armando Cortes-Rodrigues was born in Vila Franca do Campo, San Miguel Island, Azores (d. 14 Oct 1971). Portuguese writer.
- 1894 - Ben Hecht was born (d. 1964). American playwright, film writer.
- 1895 - Guiomar Novaes was born. Brazilian pianist (Brazilian Order of Merit).
- 1896 - Philip Showalter Hench was born (d. 30 Mar 1965). American physician who was one of the leaders in American rheumatology. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects (with Edward C. Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein of Switzerland).
- 1900 - General Sir Redvers Henry Buller's troops relieve British forces at Ladysmith – they have been under siege by the Boers since 2 November 1899.
- 1900 - Wolfram Hirth was born (d. 1959). German pilot and designer of aircrafts.
- 1903 - Vincente Minnelli was born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986). Film director (American in Paris, Gigi ) .
- 1904 - Foundation of Grupo Sport Benfica now Sport Lisboa e Benfica
- 1906 - Bugsy Siegel was born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1947). American gangster.
- 1908 - Billie Bird was born (d. 2002). American actress.
- 1909 - Stephen Spender was born (d. 1995). English poet (d. 1995).
- 1911 - Denis Parsons Burkitt was born (d. died 23 Mar 1993). British surgeon and medical researcher. In the late 1950s, Burkitt began studying a form of lymphoma that affected children in his part of Africa (Burkitt's lymphoma).
- 1915 - Zero Mostel was born (d. 1977 ). American actor ( Fiddler on the Roof).
- 1915 - Sir Peter Medawar was born (d. 2 Oct 1987) . British zoologist who received (with Sir Macfarlane Burnet) the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1960 for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance when he found (1953) that adult animals injected with foreign cells early in life accept skin grafts from the original cell donor.
- 1916 - Henry James dies (b. 1843). American/British writer (The Wings of a Dove).
- 1917 - Almafuerte (Pedro Bonifacio Palacios) dies. Argentine poet.
- 1921 - Conflicto armado entre Costa Rica y Panamá.
- 1921 - António Palma dies. Portuguese actor.
- 1922 - Egypt was declared an independent country.
- 1922 - Paulo Mendes Campos was born (d. 1991). Brazilian writer.
- 1923 - Charles Durning was born. American actor
- 1924 - U.S. begins intervention in Honduras .
- 1925 - Friedrich Ebert dies (b. 4 Feb 1871). Weimar Germany's first president
- 1929 - Hayden Fry was born. American football coach.
- 1930 - Juan Aberle dies. Composer from El Salvador.
- 1930 - Gavin MacLeod was born. American actor.
- 1931 - Dean Smith was born. American basketball coach.
- 1932 - Don Francks was born. Canadian actor.
- 1933 - Rein Taagepera was born. Estonian politician.
- 1935 - Fernando Fader dies (b. 11 Apr 1882). Impressionist painter.
- 1935 - Francisca (Chiquinha) Gonzaga dies. Brazilian composer.
- 1936 - Italian forces take Mt. Alaji in Abyssinia, avenging the massacre of 1895 .
- 1936 - Charles Nicolle dies (b. 21 Sep 1866). French bacteriologist who received the 1928 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery (1909) that typhus is transmitted by the body louse.
- 1938 - Klaus Staeck was born, graphic artist.
- 1939 - The word "Dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
- 1939 - Erika Pluhar was born. Actress and singer.
- 1939 - Tommy Tune was born. American dancer, choreographer, actor .
- 1939 - Daniel C. Tsui was born. Chinese-born American physicist who (with Horst L. Störmer and Robert B. Laughlin) received the 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery and explanation that the electrons in a powerful magnetic field at very low temperatures can form a quantum fluid whose particles have fractional electric charges (fractional quantum).
- 1940 - Joe South was born. American singer and songwriter.
- 1941 - Se funda en Bogotá el Santa Fe Corporación Deportiva.
- 1941 - King Alfonso XIII of Spain dies (b. 1886) .
- 1942 - Karel Doorman dies (b. 1889). Dutch admiral.
- 1942 - Joe South was born. Musician.
- 1942 - Frank Bonner was born. American actor and director.
- 1942 - Dino Zoff was born. Italian legengary soccer player (goalkeeper).
- 1943 - António Livramento was born (d. 7 Jun 1999). Portuguese roller hockey player considered several times the best player of the world.
- 1944 - Kelly Bishop was born. American actress.
- 1944 - Win Aung was born. Burmese politician.
- 1946 - Robin Cook was born (d. 2005). British politician .
- 1946 - Syreeta Wright was born (d. 2004). American singer.
- 1947 - Stephanie Beacham was born. British actress
- 1948 - The last British troops left India.
- 1948 - Bud Gartiser sets a new world record after clearing the 50-yard low hurdles in 6.8 seconds.
- 1948 - Mike Figgis was born. English director, writer and composer .
- 1948 - Bernadette Peters was born. American actress and singer .
- 1948 - Mercedes Ruehl was born. American actress.
- 1949 - Es depuesto el presidente de Paraguay, Raimundo Rolón .
- 1951 - Protein structure. In 1951, their theoretical description of the structure of proteins was published by Linus Pauling and Robert Corey in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
- 1952 - William Finn was born. American composer and lyricist .
- 1953 - Eliezer Sukenik dies (b. 12 Aug 1889). Eliezer Lipa Sukenik was a Polish-born Israeli archaeologist who identified the antiquity of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
- 1954 - Jean Bourgain was born. Belgian mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1994 for his work in analysis .
- 1955 - Gilbert Gottfried was born. American comedian and actor.
- 1956 - Jimmy Nicholl was born. Canadian-born Northern Irish footballer.
- 1956 - Frigyes Riesz dies ( b. 22 Jan 1880). Hungarian mathematician and pioneer of functional analysis, which has found important applications to mathematical physics.
- 1957 - John Turturro was born. American actor
- 1959 - Maxwell Anderson dies (b. 1888). American playwright, film writer.
- 1959 - United Arab Republic and Britain agree on a settlement following the Suez crisis .
- 1960 - Dorothy Stratten was born (d. 1980). Canadian actress and Playboy model .
- 1961 - Rae Dawn Chong was born. Canadian actress.
- 1961 - Mark Latham was born. Australian politician.
- 1966 - Paulo Futre was born in Montijo. Portuguese soccer player.
- 1967 - Henry Luce dies (b. 1898). American publisher.
- 1968 - David V Duccini was born. Philosopher.
- 1969 - Robert Sean Leonard was born. American actor.
- 1970 - Lemony Snicket was born. American writer, author of The Series of Unfortunate Events books .
- 1970 - Noureddine Morceli was born. Algerian athlete, 1500m runner (Olympics-gold-96)
- 1971 - 53rd PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at PGA National FL Jack Nicklaus wins his 2nd golf grand slam .
- 1973 - Eric Lindros was born. Canadian ice hockey star .
- 1974 - In a futile attempt to appease widespread strikes and army mutinies, Haile Selassie appoints a new premier in Ethiopia.
- 1974 - Ethiopian government of Makonnen forms.
- 1974 - Lee Carsley was born. Irish footballer.
- 1974 - Bobby Bloom dies (b. 1946). American singer/songwriter.
- 1976 - 18th Grammy Awards: Love Will Keep Us Together, Natalie Cole wins.
- 1977 - José Luis Romero dies. Argentine historian.
- 1977 - Eddie 'Rochester' Anderson dies (b. 1905). American actor.
- 1978 - Cyprus : Spyros Kyprianou was elected president with no opposition.
- 1978 - Philip Ahn dies (b. 1905). American actor.
- 1978 - Zara Cully dies (b. 1892). American actress.
- 1978 - Marissa Perez was born. Miss Connecticut Teen USA (1996) .
- 1978 - Benjamin Raich was born. Austrian Olympic skier.
- 1979 - "The famous Mr. Ed" dies, the talking horse .
- 1979 - Primož Peterka was born. Slovenian ski jumper .
- 1980 - Pascal Bosschaart was born. Dutch footballer.
- 1982 - Natalia Vodianova was born. Russian Model.
- 1983 - El Compact Disc hace su aparición en el mercado.
- 1984 - 26th Grammy Awards: Beat It, Michael Jackson wins 7 including Album of the year for Thriller.
- 1985 - Jelena Janković was born. Serbian tennis player.
- 1985 - Ray Ellington dies (b. 1916). British singer.
- 1986 - Daniel Broderick was born. Australian musician.
- 1986 - European Economic Community sign "Special Act" for Europe free trade .
- 1986 - O Plano Cruzado determina a substituição do Cruzeiro, que perde três zeros.
- 1987 - Michelle Horn was born. Teen actress.
- 1988 - 15th Winter Olympic games close at Calgary, Canada .
- 1989 - El presidente venezolano, Carlos Andrés Pérez, suspende las garantías constitucionales.
- 1989 - Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira, intelectual brasileiro, morre.
- 1990 - Se aprueba en la URSS la propiedad privada de la tierra y su transmisión en herencia.
- 1991 - Guillermo Manuel Ungo dies. Salvadoran politician.
- 1991 - Reinhard Bendix dies (b. 1916). German sociologist.
- 1992 - Twenty-eight people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded at London Bridge train station.
- 1993 - 7th American Comedy Award: Seinfeld wins.
- 1993 - Ruby Keeler dies (b. 1910). Canadian actress, singer, dancer.
- 1993 - Ishiro Honda dies at 81. Japanese director and producer (Godzilla).
- 1994 - San Lorenzo de Almagro inaugura su estadio, el Nuevo Gasómetro.
- 1994 - O ministro da Fazenda, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, anuncia o plano Real de combate à inflação.
- 1994 - Na Bósnia, então vítima de uma guerra civil entre sérvios e muçulmanos, a Organização do Tratado do Atlântico Norte (OTAN) entrou em combate pela primeira vez desde sua fundação em 1949. Nesse mesmo dia, “caças” americanos derrubaram quatro “jatos” sérvios.
- 1995 - Apertura del Aeropuerto Internacional de Denver, en los Estados Unidos.
- 1995 - UN peacekeeping forces, mainly Bangladeshis and Pakistanis, are withdraw from Somalia ending international involvement in the country.
- 1995 - Raul Salinas de Gortari was arrested for masterminding the murder of Jose Francisco Ruiz (28 Sep 1994). He was imprisoned in Almaloya prison, Mexico’s highest-security facility. In 1998 Raul Salinas was acquitted of money laundering but remained in jail on murder and illegal-enrichment charges
- 1996 - A Rússia é admitida como membro do Conselho da Europa.
- 1996 - Daniel Chipenda dies at 64. Angolan politician.
- 1996 - 38th Grammy Awards: Alannis Morissette's Jagged Little Pill won best rock album and album of the year; Seal’s "Kiss from a Rose" won for record and song of the year.
- 1997 - Earthquake in Pakistan, kills 45 .
- 1997 - The North Hollywood shootout takes place.
- 1998 - Dermot Morgan dies (b. 1952). Irish actor and comedian.
- 1998 - Arkady Shevchenko dies (b. 1930). Soviet diplomat.
- 1999 - In Nigeria retired General Obasanjo led the presidential vote with 62%. Serious concern over vote-rigging was expressed.
- 1999 - Xie Bingxin dies at age 99. Chinese children's novelist. Her books included "For Small Readers," Little Tangerine Lamp," and "Ode to a Cherry Blossom."
- 2001 - Flooding continued in central Mozambique as the death toll rose to 52. 81,000 were made homeless since the beginning of the year.
- 2002 - Helmut Zacharias dies (b. 1920). German violinist.
- 2002 - Mary Stuart dies (b. 1926). American actress.
- 2003 - Tassos Papadopoulos took office as the fifth Greek Cypriot president, pledging to strive for the reunification.
- 2003 - Roger Michael Needham dies (b. 1935). British cryptographer.
- 2003 - Chris Brasher dies (b. 1928). British athlete .
- 2004 - Andres Nuiamäe dies killed in battle (b. 1982). Estonian soldier.
- 2004 - Carmen Laforet dies. Spanish writer.
- 2005 - In Iraq a suicide car bomber blasted a crowd of police and national guard recruits as they gathered for physicals outside a medical clinic south of Baghdad, killing at least 120 people and wounding 132.
- 2005 - Burundians voted on a new constitution that enshrines Hutu control by allotting them 60% of parliamentary seats with 40% for Tutsis.
- 2005 - In Nepal at least 50 Maoist rebels and 4 soldiers were killed in a gunbattle in the western Bardiya district.
- 2005 - Grenada : Alister Hughes dies at 86. Journalist known for his coverage of Grenada's political woes and the US invasion in 1983.
O Rio Ave meteu água por todos os lados e o Braga conseguiu uma goleada ao fazer talvez a sua melhor exibição da época.
O Braga reassume o terceiro lugar e somente a quatro pontos do primeiro enquanto o Rio Ave averbou a terceira derrota consecutiva (e o sexto jogo sem ganhar) e segue em posição de despromoção.
Os golos dos bracarenses foram marcados por João Tomás (34' e 63'), Vandinho (67'), Kim (77') e Delibasic (83').
Estádio Municipal de Braga
Árbitro: João Capela, de Lisboa
Sp. Braga: Paulo Santos; Luís Filipe, Paulo Jorge, Nem e Rossato; Frechaut, Andrés Madrid (Castanheira, 75m) e Vandinho; Wender, João Tomás (Delibasic, 69m) e Cesinha (Kim, 75m)
Rio Ave: Candeias; José Gomes, Bruno Mendes, Idalécio e Milhazes; Niquinha, Delson (Anic, 60m) e Cleiton (Agostinho, 71m); Evandro (Evandro, 78m), Gaúcho e Ricardo Jorge
Marcadores: João Tomás (34m e 63m), Vandinho (67m), Kim (77m) e Delibasic (83m)
Disciplina: Nada a registar
Armando Baptista-Bastos (n. Lisboa 27 Fev 1934 )
Ver O Traço de União
Na minha juventude antes de ter saído
da casa de meus pais disposto a viajar
eu conhecia já o rebentar do mar
das páginas dos livros que já tinha lido
Chegava o mês de maio era tudo florido
o rolo das manhãs punha-se a circular
e era só ouvir o sonhador falar
da vida como se ela houvesse acontecido
E tudo se passava numa outra vida
e havia para as coisas sempre uma saída
Quando foi isso? Eu próprio não o sei dizer
Só sei que tinha o poder duma criança
entre as coisas e mim havia vizinhança
e tudo era possível era só querer
in Homem de Palavra[s]
Lisboa, Editorial Presença, 1999 (5ª ed.)
Ruy de Moura Belo (n. em S. João da Ribeira, Rio Maior, em 27 Fev 1933; m. em Lisboa, 8 Ago 1978).
Mas que sei eu das folhas no outono
ao vento vorazmente arremessadas
quando eu passo pelas madrugadas
tal como passaria qualquer dono?
Eu sei que é vão o vento e lento o sono
e acabam coisas mal principiadas
no ínvio precipício das geadas
que pressinto no meu fundo abandono
Nenhum súbito lamenta
a dor de assim passar que me atormenta
e me ergue no ar como outra folha
qualquer. Mas eu sei que sei destas manhãs?
As coisas vêm vão e são tão vãs
como este olhar que ignoro que me olha
in Todos os Poemas
Ruy de Moura Belo (n. em S. João da Ribeira, Rio Maior, em 27 Fev 1933; m. em Lisboa, 1978).
É verdade. Foi detectado ontem um frango envenenado no Estádio da Luz e logo quem diria... na capoeira de Vítor Baía!
- 0425 - Theodosius effectively founded a university in Constantinople.
- 0837 - 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
- 1500 - D. João de Castro was born in Lisbon (d. in Goa, 6 Jun 1548). Portuguese scientist, general and Vice-King of Índia.
- 1557 - 1st Russian Embassy opens in London, Russia and U.S. sign trade agreement
- 1617 - Sweden and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo, ending the Ingrian War and shutting Russia out of the Baltic Sea
- 1622 - Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, was born, Dutch painter.
- 1659 - Henry Dunster dies (b. 1609). First President of Harvard College.
- 1666 - D. Luisa de Gusmão dies in Lisbon (b. 13 Oct 1613). Queen of Portugal (wife of King John IV)
- 1670 - Jews were expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I.
- 1691 - Edward Cave was born (d. 1754). English editor and publisher.
- 1699 - Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton dies (b. c. 1625). English politician.
- 1700 - The island of New Britain is discovered.
- 1706 - John Evelyn dies (b. 1620). English diarist.
- 1720 - Samuel Parris dies (b. 1653). English-born Puritan minister.
- 1735 - John Arbuthnot dies (b. 1667). English physician and writer.
- 1767 - Jesuítas são expulsos da Espanha.
- 1807 - El marino Alejandro Malaspina le informa al virrey de Buenos Aires sobre su reconocimiento de Tierra del Fuego y la costa de la Patagonia.
- 1807 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born was born in Portland, Massachusetts (now in Maine) (d. 1882). American poet.
- 1812 - El rosarino Cosme Maciel iza por primera vez la bandera celeste y blanca, por orden de Belgrano, en las márgenes de Nuestra Señora del Rosario.
- 1822 - Eugene Gautier, was born, composer .
- 1843 - Ocupación efectiva, por una expedición española, de la isla de Fernando Poo, hoy Malabo, en Guinea Ecuatorial.
- 1854 - Composer Robert Schumann was saved from a suicide attempt in the Rhine.
- 1861 - Rudolf Steiner was born (d. 1925). Austrian philosopher.
- 1863 - Joaquín Sorolla was born. Spanish painter.
- 1867 - Irving Fisher was born. American economist (compensating dollar).
- 1869 - Henry Chandler Cowles was born (d. 12 Sep 1939). American botanist who was a pioneer in the field of plant ecology, especially the concept of ecological succession which he devised through a study of sand dune vegation he made in the 1890's .
- 1869 - Alice Hamilton was born (d. 22 Sep 1970). American pathologist, known for her research on industrial diseases. By actively publicizing the danger to workers' health of industrial toxic substances, she contributed to the passage of workmen's compensation laws and to the development of safer working conditions.
- 1873 - Enrico Caruso was born (d. 1921). Italian tenor.
- 1879 - saccharin, the artificial sweetener, was discovered by Constantine Fahlberg at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.
- 1887 - Alexander Porfirievich Borodin dies (b. 1833). Russian composer.
- 1888 - Lotte Lehmann was born (d. 1976). German singer.
- 1888 - Roberto Assagioli was born (d. 1976). Italian psychiatrist.
- 1890 - Freddie Keppard was born (d. 1933). American jazz musician.
- 1891 - David Sarnoff was born (d. 12 Dec 1971). American pioneer in the development of both radio and television broadcasting. He was the first general manager of RCA and founded the television network NBC (1926).
- 1891 - Anne Samson was born (d. 2004). Oldest-known Canadian 2002-2004 and oldest nun on record 2003-2004.
- 1892 - William Demarest was born (d. 1983). American actor.
- 1892 - Louis Vuitton dies (b. 1821). French luggage maker.
- 1893 - Ralph Linton was born (d. 24 Dec 1953). American anthropologist who had a marked influence on the development of cultural anthropology.
- 1897 - Marian Anderson was born (d. 1993). American contralto.
- 1899 - Charles Best was born (d. 31 Mar 1978). American physiologist who, with Sir Frederick Banting, was the first to obtain (1921) a pancreatic extract of insulin in a form that controlled diabetes in dogs. The successful use of insulin in treating human patients followed. But because Best did not receive his medical degree until 1925, he did not share the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine awarded to Banting and J.J.R. Macleod in 1923 for their role in the work.
- 1900 - Felix Hoffman was issued a U.S. patent for Aspirin .
- 1900 - The British Labour Party is founded.
- 1900 - The FC Bayern München (Munich) is founded
- 1902 - Lúcio Costa was born (d. 1998). Brazilian architect.
- 1902 - Breaker Morant dies (b. 1864). Anglo-Australian soldier executed in Boer War under controversial circumstances.
- 1903 - Grethe Weiser was born (d. 1970). German actress.
- 1904 - James T. Farrell was born. American author (Studs Lonigan trilogy).
- 1904 - Yulii Borisovich Khariton was born (d. 19 Dec 1996). Russian physicist who played a key role in the development of the Soviet Union's nuclear weapons and nuclear physics research. Khariton began his career as a researcher in chemical physics, studying combustion and explosion effects.
- 1905 - Máximo Gorki es liberado bajo fianza y exiliado en Riga.
- 1905 - Franchot Tone was born in Niagara Falls, New York (d. 1968). American actor (Dr Freeland-Ben Casey).
- 1907 - Mildred Bailey was born (d. 1951). Jazz performer.
- 1908 - Star #46 was added to U.S. flag for Oklahoma .
- 1910 - Joan Bennett was born (d. 1990). American actress.
- 1910 - Peter De Vries was born (d. 1993). American writer.
- 1912 - Lawrence Durrell was born (d.1990). Writer, author of The Alexandria Quartet.
- 1913 - Irwin Shaw was born (d. 1984). American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man).
- 1917 - John Connally was born (d. 1993). Governor of Texas.
- 1919 - The Bolsheviks took Lithuania and joined it with Belarus as a single Soviet republic. Litbel lasted until June 25.
- 1919 - Un incendio destruye el Palacio Municipal de la capital de El Salvador.
- 1921 - Schofield Haigh dies (b. 1871). English cricketer.
- 1922 - A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1922 - Hans Rookmaaker was born (d. 1977). Dutch professor and art historian.
- 1923 - Dexter Gordon was born (d. 1990). American jazz saxophone player.
- 1925 - Samuel Dash was born (d. 2004). American Congressional counsel.
- 1926 - Marta Mercader was born. Argentine writer.
- 1927 - Lynn Cartwright was born (d. 2004). American actress.
- 1927 - Guy Mitchell was born (d. 1999). American singer.
- 1928 - Alfred Hrdlicka was born. Sculptor and graphic artist .
- 1929 - Djalma Santos was born. Brazilian soccer player.
- 1930 - Joanne Woodward was born. American actress .
- 1930 - Peter Stone was born. American writer .
- 1932 - The neutron was discovered by Dr. James Chadwick.
- 1932 - Elizabeth Taylor was born in London. Actress, screen legend, (Butterfield 8, Cleopatra, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf) .
- 1933 - Ruy Belo was born in S. João da Ribeira, Rio Maior (d. 1978). Portuguese essayst and poet.
- 1934 - N. Scott Momaday was born. American writer.
- 1934 - Ralph Nader was born. American consumer activist.
- 1934 - Van Williams was born. American actor.
- 1934 - Baptista Bastos was born. Portuguese journalist and writer.
- 1935 - Mirella Freni was born. Italian soprano .
- 1936 - Ivan Pavlov dies (b. 14 Sep 1849). Russian physiologist known chiefly for his development of the concept of the conditioned reflex. In a now-classic experiment, he trained a hungry dog to salivate at the sound of a bell, which was previously associated with the sight of food. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1904.
- 1937 - Barbara Babcock was born. American actress
- 1939 - France recognizes Franco's regime in Spain .
- 1940 - Howard Hesseman was born. American actor.
- 1941 - James Joyce dies (b. 1882). Irish author.
- 1941 - Paddy Ashdown was born. British politician.
- 1941 - William D. Byron dies (b.1895). U.S. Congressman.
- 1942 - World War II: the USS Langley, the first United States aircraft carrier, is sunk by Japanese warplanes. ( The Battle of Java Sea began 13 US warships sunk 2 Japanese).
- 1942 - The first French Jews were transported to nazi-Germany.
- 1942 - Charlayne Hunter-Gault was born. American journalist
- 1943 - Morten Lauridsen was born. American composer.
- 1943 - Mary Frann was born (d. 1998). American actress.
- 1945 - Carl Anderson was born (d. 2004). American singer and actor.
- 1946 - José Carreras was born. Spanish tenor .
- 1947 - Gidon Kremer was born. Latvian violinist.
- 1948 - The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia.
- 1949 - Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st Israeli president.
- 1950 - Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was elected president of Nationalist China.
- 1950 - Franco Moschino was born. Fashion Designer.
- 1951 - The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
- 1951 - University College of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was opened.
- 1951 - São inaugurados em Buenos Aires Os I Jogos Panamericanos.
- 1952 - Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU) se reúne pela primeira vez em sua sede atual em Nova York.
- 1956 - Marjorie Russo was born. American poet.
- 1956 - Female suffrage was granted in Egypt.
- 1957 - Viktor Markin was born. Soviet athlete.
- 1957 - Mao made his speech "On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People."
- 1960 - Adriano Olivetti dies. Italian engineer and industrialist.
- 1961 - The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
- 1962 - South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem was unharmed as two planes bombed the presidential palace in Saigon. The 1st US national was killed. Although Diem had shortcomings as a leader, he had led South Vietnam for eight years and at the time of his death was attempting to deal with Buddhist factionalism.
- 1962 - Adam Baldwin was born. American actor.
- 1962 - Grant Show was born. American actor.
- 1963 - The USSR said that 10,000 troops would remain in Cuba.
- 1963 - Rajendra Prasad dies. First President of India.
- 1963 - David Keilin dies (b. 21 Mar 1887). Russian-British biochemist who discovered cytochromes, as enzymes critical to the cell's use of oxygen (1923).
- 1964 - The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
- 1964 - Three hundred missionaries are deported from the Sudan for alleged support for anti-government forces.
- 1964 - Orry-Kelly dies (b. 1897). Australian costume designer.
- 1966 - Donal Logue was born. Canadian actor
- 1967 - Dominica gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1968 - Frankie Lymon dies (b. 1942). American singer.
- 1970 - Michael A. Burstein was born. American writer.
- 1971 - A causa de graves disturbios en Cali, se declara el estado de sitio en todo el territorio de Colombia.
- 1971 - Derren Brown was born. Psychological illusionist .
- 1971 - Rozonda Thomas was born. American singer (TLC)
- 1972 - President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai issued the Shanghai Communique at the conclusion of Nixon's historic visit to China.
- 1972 - Pat Brady dies (b. 1914). American actor and singer.
- 1974 - A Suécia aprova sua nova constituição e o rei passa a exercer um cargo figurativo.
- 1976 - The formerly Spanish territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
- 1976 - The final meeting between Mao tse Tung and Richard Nixon took place.
- 1977 - Diego Maradona joga pela primeira vez pela Seleção Argentina.
- 1977 - John Dickson Carr dies (b. 1905). American author.
- 1978 - Vadim Salmanov dies(b. 1912). Russian composer.
- 1978 - James Beattie was born. English footballer
- 1979 - Guerrilleros del M-19 toman por asalto la Embajada de la República Dominicana en Bogotá.
- 1980 - Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe
- 1980 - Winners at the Grammy Awards: song of the year, What A Fool Believes, Streisand - Diamond duet, The Doobie Brothers, album of the year, Billy Joel's 52nd St, best new artist, Rickie Lee Jones, best disco record, I Will Survive by Gloria Gaynor.
- 1980 - George Tobias dies (b. 1901). American actor.
- 1981 - Josh Groban was born. American singer.
- 1981 - Greatest passenger load on a commercial airliner-610 on Boeing 747 .
- 1982 - Wayne B. Williams é condenado pelo assassinato de 28 jovens negros, cujos corpos foram encontrados nos arredores de Atlanta (EUA) num período de 22 meses.
- 1984 - Carl Lewis jumps world record indoor (8.675 m) .
- 1985 - Mauritania's new constitutional charter published.
- 1985 - Fefe Dobson was born. Canadian singer.
- 1985 - Abe Asami was born. Japanese singer and actress.
- 1986 - Jacques Plante dies (b. 1829). Canadian ice hockey star.
- 1988 - Katarina Witt won the gold medal in women's figure skating at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, with Elizabeth Manley of Canada placing second and Debi Thomas of the United States, third.
- 1988 - JD Natasha was born. American musician.
- 1989 - Konrad Lorenz dies (b. 7 Nov 1903). Austrian zoologist, founder of modern ethology, the study of animal behaviour by means of comparative zoological methods. He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine, for developing a unified, evolutionary theory of animal and human behaviour.
- 1989 - Paul Oswald Ahnert dies (b. 1897). German astronomer.
- 1990 - Exxon Valdez oil spill: Exxon and its shipping company are indicted on five criminal counts.
- 1990 - Flag of Latvia is adopted.
- 1991 - In California Jim Mitchell shot and killed his brother Artie Mitchell at Artie’s home in Corte Madera. The brothers had produced pornographic films and operated a number of pornographic theaters that included the O’Farrell Theater in SF. He was found guilty of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced to 6 years in prison. He was released on parole in 1997.
- 1992 - Tiger Woods, 16, becomes youngest PGA golfer in 35 years.
- 1992 - William Aramony resigned as president of United Way of America amid charges of financial mismanagement and lavish spending.
- 1992 - S. I. Hayakawa dies (b. 1906). Canadian-American linguist and politician.
- 1993 - Lillian Gish dies (b. 1893). Actress.
- 1993 - Jose Duval dies at 72. Actor and singer who played coffee pitchman Juan Valdez.
- 1994 - 17th Winter Olympic games closes in Lillehammer, Norway.
- 1994 - A Maronite church near Beirut was bombed and 10 people were killed.
- 1995 - Começa o julgamento de Salvatore Toto Rina sob acusações de cumplicidade em 48 assassinatos na Sicília.
- 1995 - Bernard Cornfield dies (b.1927). British financier. In 1972 Charles Raw, Bruce Page and Godfrey Hodgson authored “Do You Sincerely Want to Be Rich: The full story of Bernard Cornfield and IOS.”
- 1996 - A Sudanese military plane crashed 25 miles south of Khartoum and killed 91 people on board. The plane was a US made C-130.
- 1997 - Kingsley Davis dies (b. 20 Aug 1908). American sociologist and demographer who was a world-renowned expert on population trends. He had coined the term "zero population growth" and he was the first sociologist to be named to the National Academy of Sciences.
- 1997 - William Ross Maples dies (b. 7 Aug 1937). American forensic anthropologist who examined and identified the skeletons of a number of historical figures, including Tsar Nicholas II and other members of the Romanov family killed in 1918 by the Bolsheviks, Vietnam MIAs, conquistador Francisco Pizarro, and in 1994 helped convict Byron De La Beckwith of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
- 1997 - The divorce is legalized in Ireland.
- 1998 - Os EUA encerram o embargo de 35 anos contra a África do Sul.
- 1998 - George H. Hitchings dies (b. 18 Apr 1905). American pharmacologist who was a medical research pioneer who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1988 for the development of drugs that became essential in the treatment of several major diseases. He shared the prize with colleague Gertrude B. Elion and with Sir James W. Black.
- 1998 - J. T. Walsh dies (b. 1943). Actor.
- 1998 - Jack Micheline (Harvey Martin Silver) dies at 68. Bohemian poet. His first book of poetry was "River of Red Wine," and his last was "Sixty Seven Poems for Downtrodden Saints."
- 1999 - Brazilian poet Haraldo de Campos (b.1929) won the Mexican Octavio Paz Prize for poetry and essay writing. His major works include "Chess Game of the Stars" and "The Education of the Five Senses."
- 1999 - Rev. Henry J. Lyons, president of the National Baptist Convention USA, was convicted in Largo, Florida, of racketeering, grand theft and swindling millions of dollars from companies seeking to do business with his followers. He announced his resignation Mar 15. Lyons was sentenced to 5 ½ years in prison and ordered to repay almost $2.5 million.
- 1999 - From Niger it was reported that a mass grave containing 149 old men, women and children had been found in eastern Niger. The victims were Toubou refugees displaced by fighting several years ago.
- 1999 - In Nigeria Presidential elections were held. Nigerians voted to elect Olusegun Obasanjo their new president as the country marked the final phase of its return to democracy. Also it was reported that some 1,200 soldiers had died in fighting the rebels of the Revolutionary United Front in Sierra Leone.
- 2000 - In Iceland the Mount Hekla volcano erupted.
- 2000 - In Tijuana municipal police chief Alfredo de la Torre Marquez (49) was shot to death by assassins who sprayed his car with over 100 bullets.
- 2002 - Alicia Keys won in 5 categories at the 44th annual Grammy Awards. Train won for best rock song: "Drops of Jupiter," U2 won for best record of the year: "Walk On," and Various Artists won the album of the year: "O Brother, Where Art Thou."
- 2002 - Spike Milligan dies (b. 1918). British comedian.
- 2002 - Mary Stuart dies (b. 1926). Soap opera actress.
- 2003 - John Lanchbery dies (b. 1923). English ballet composer.
- 2003 - Fred Rogers dies (b. 1928). Children's television celebrity "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood".
- 2004 - Shoko Asahara, líder da seita acusada do atentado com gás sarin no metro de Tóquio em 20 de março de 1995, é condenado à morte.
- 2006 - In Yemen a firing squad executed Abed Abdul Razak Kamel, an Islamic militant who killed three American missionaries in a south Yemen hospital in 2002.