Time for making the best wishes for 2006 and hoping this new year can they become sucessful
Time for making the best wishes for 2006 and hoping this new year can they become sucessful
0335 - Pope Silvester I, o 33rd pope.
0406 - Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia .
1194 - Leopold V of Austria, killed at a tournament in Graz.
1378 - Pope Callixtus III was born (d. 1458) .
1384 - John Wycliffe dies. English philosopher, theologian and religious reformator
1491 - Jacques Cartier was born. Explorer .
1492 - Jews are expelled from Sicily.
1514 - Andreas Vesalius was born [d. 1564]; Flemish anatomist who, as a university teacher insisted on conducting detailed dissections on human cadavers personally ( "De humani corporis fabrica") .
1553 - Pedro de Valdivia funda en Chile los fuertes de Arauco, Puren, Tucapel y la ciudad de Los Confines o Angol.
1568 - Shimazu Tadayoshi dies (b. 1493). Japanese daimyo.
1588 - Fray Luis de Granad dies in Lisbon. Spanish ascetic writer.
1600 - British East India Company is chartered.
1668 - Hermann Boerhaave was born [d. 1738]; Dutch physician and professor of medicine who was the first great clinical, teacher.
1679 - Giovanni Alfonso Borelli dies [b. 1608]; Italian physiologist who was the first to explain muscular movement and other body functions according to the laws of statics and dynamics. ["De motu animalium (Rome, 1680)].
1687 - The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
1695 - A window tax is imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax.
1719 - John Flamsteed dies[b. 1646]; English astronomer who established the Greenwich Observatory, as one of a group of scientists who convinced King Charles II to build a national observatory.
1738 - Charles Cornwallis was born (d. 1805). 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general.
1744 - James Bradley announced the discovery of Earth's motion of nutation, or wobbling.
1784 - Para reforzar la lucha contra los piratas, Carlos III establece la pena de galeras en España. 1805 - Marie de Flavigny best known for Daniel Stern was born. French writer.
1816 - Sir William Withey Gull was born (d. 1890); A leading English physician of his time, lecturer and physician at Guy's Hospital, London, and an outstanding clinical teacher.
1838 - D. Luís I was born in Lisbon (d. 19 Oct 1889). King of Portugal
1846 - Os miguelistas são completamente derrotados em Braga, tendo o seu comandante, Macdonell sido preso e morto em 30 de Janeiro de 1847 (O liberalismo em Portugal).
1857 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, Ontario, as the capital of Canada .
1862 - American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union (thus dividing Virginia in two); meanwhile, the Battle of Stones River is fought near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1864 - Robert Grant Aitken was born (d.1951). American astronomer who specialized in the study of double stars, of which he discovered more than 3,000 .
1868 - É ocupada Assunção, a capital do Paraguai, por uma coluna brasileira sob o comando do Coronel Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca.
1869 - Henri Matisse, was born (d. 1954). French painter and graphic artist. Along with Picasso, Matisse is considered one of the two foremost artists of the modern period. His contribution to 20th-century art is inestimable.
1872 - Aleksis Kivi dies (b. 1834). Finnish author
1877 - Gustave Courbet dies (b. 1819). French painter.
1878 - Elizabeth Arden was born in Woodbridge, Ontario, Canada (d. 1966). Beautician, business executive.
1878 - Horacio Silvestre Quiroga was born in Salto. Uruguayan writer
1879 - Thomas Edison gave the first public demonstration of an electric incandescent lamp.
1880 - George C. Marshall was born , general and cabinet member, recipient of Nobel Prize in Peace 1953 for the Marshall Plan (d. 1959)
1881 - Max Pechstein, was born (d. 1955). Painter and graphic artist .
1890 - Francisca Carrasco Jiménez (Pancha) dies (b. 1816). "Defensora de lasLibertades Patrias" de Costa Rica.
1894 - Pola Negri was born (d. 1987). Polish actress.
1898 - Sir John Eric Sidney Thompson was born [d. 1975];He was a leading English ethnographer of the Mayan people.
1902 - Candido López dies in Baradero, Buenos Aires. Argentine painter.
violinist (d. 1992)
1905 - Aleksandr Popov dies (b. 1859). Physicist and electrical engineer acclaimed in Russia as the inventor of radio.
1905 - Jule Styne was born (d. 1994). Composer.
1908 - Simon Wiesenthal was born. Concentration camp survivor, activist
1909 - Manhattan Bridge Opens
1910 - Carl Dudley was born (d. 1973). American movie director.
1911 - Marie Curie receives her 2nd Nobel Prize .
1913 - Seth Carlo Chandler dies (b. 1846). American astronomer best known for his discovery (1884-85) of the Chandler Wobble, a complex movement in the Earth's axis of rotation (now refered to as polar motion) that causes latitude to vary with a period of 14 months.
1916 - The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the largest and most luxurious hotels in the USA at the time, burns to the ground.
1923 - Se inauguran los servicios aéreos entre Buenos Aires y Montevideo.
1924 - Inicio de la Corrida de San Silvestre, celebrada anualmente Sao Paulo, Brasil.
1929 - Jeremy Bernstein was born; American physicist, educator, and writer widely known for the clarity of his writing for the lay reader on the major issues of modern physics.
1929 - Guy Lombardo plays Auld Lang Syne for the first time .
1934 - Cornelia Maria Clapp dies [b. 1849]; American zoologist and educator whose influence as a teacher was great and enduring in a period when the world of science was just opening to women.
1935 - Monopoly was patented, game assigned to Parker Brothers, Inc., by Charles Darrow of Pennsylvania.
1935 - Manuel Portela Valladares preside un nuevo Gobierno en España.
1936 - Miguel de Unamuno dies (b. 1864). Spanish writer and philosopher.
1937 - Anthony Hopkins was born. Welsh actor.
1938 - The first breath test for drivers, "drunkometer," was introduced in Indianapolis.
1940 - Arsène d'Arsonval dies [b. 1851]; French physician and physicist who was a pioneer in therapeutic use of electricity, heat, and light.
1941 - Alex Ferguson was born. Football (soccer) player and well known manager (Manchester United).
1943 - John Denver was born (d. 1997). Country/pop musician.
1943 - Ben Kingsley was born in Scarborough England; actor (Gandhi, Betrayal, Maurice...).
1944 - World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany .
1946 - President Harry Truman officially proclaimed the end of hostilities in World War II.
1948 - Donna Summer was born in Boston. American singer.
1949 - 18 countries recognize Republic Indonesia.
1952 -Vaughan Frederick Randal Jones was born; New Zealand mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1990 for his study of functional analysis and knot theory.
1955 - General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make over USD $1 billion in a year.
1959 - Val Kilmer was born. American actor ( The Saint, Top Gun, The Doors) .
1960 - The farthing coin, used in Britain since the 13th century, ceases to be legal tender.
1961 -The Marshall Plan expired after distributing more than $12 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Europe .
1963 - African Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formally dissolved.
1968 - Marien Ngouabi assumed the presidency of the Republic of the Congo.
1969 - George Lewis dies (b. 1900). American jazz musician.
1971 - US President Richard Nixon signs the National Air Quality Control Act, which calls for a 90% reduction in automobile emissions by 1975. The act also tightened air-pollution controls and fines in other industries.
1971 - Vikram Sarabhai dies (b. 1919). Indian physicist.
1972 - Roberto Clemente dies (b. 1934). Baseball player. From Puerto Rico Roberto Clement was elected to the Hall of Fame posthumously in 1973, being the first Hispanic American to be selected.
1975 - Pela primeira vez em 51 anos, a corrida de São Silvestre, maratona internacional realizada todos os anos em São Paulo, aceitou a participação de mulheres.
1978 - United States ends official relations with Nationalist China.
1978 - En Colombia el Movimiento 19 de Abril sustrae más de cinco mil armas de una guarnición militar conocida como Cantón Norte.
1979 - La Reina Isabel II de Inglaterra nombra caballero de la Orden del Imperio Británico al director de cine Alfred Hitchcock.
1980 - Muere Herbert Marshall McLuhan.
1980 - Léopold Sédar Senghor resigns after 20 years as Senegalese president .
1980 - Raoul Walsh dies (b. 1887). American film director .
1981 - Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings becomes Africa's first post-independent head of state after overthrowing Frederick Akuffo's government in Ghana.
1982 - Kurt Otto Friedrichs dies [ b. 1901] German mathematician.His main work was on partial differential equations in mathematical physics.
1983 - The last day that the AT&T Bell System exists before being broken up by the United States Government.
1983 - Nigeria's National Assembly dissolves after military coup .
1984 - Luciano Jaramillo Trujillo dies. Colombian painter.
1985 - Rick Nelson dies (b. 1940). American singer.
1987 - Robert Mugabe sworn in as Zimbabwe's president.
1988 - No Rio de Janeiro o Bateau Mouche IV afunda na Baía de Guanabara matando 55 pessoas.
1990 - Russian Garry Kasparov holds his title by winning the World Chess Championship match against his countryman Anatoly Karpov.
1990 - Vasili Lazarev dies (b. 1928). Soviet cosmonaut.
1991 - The Soviet Union officially dissolves.
1991 - The civil war in El Salvador ends .
1992 - Thames Television ceases broadcasting. Carlton Television takes over its London weekday franchise.
1993 - Zviad Gamsakhurdia dies (b. 1939). Scientist and writer, first President of the Republic of Georgia.
1993 - the last research samples of the smallpox virus (variola) were scheduled to be destroyed. Smallpox was the world's most dreaded plagues until 1977, when it was declared eradicated. However, some scientists who wanted to continue research on the virus stopped the destruction plan. The remaining frozen samples are in Moscow.
1995 - The publication of the last new Calvin and Hobbes cartoon strip.
1995 - Renuncia del primer ministro italiano Lamberto Dini.
1995 - O presidente da Argélia Liamine Zeroual indica Ahmed Ouyahia como seu novo primeiro-ministro.
1997 - Michael Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy, killed in a skiing accident on Aspen Mountain in Colorado.
1997 - Microsoft buys Hotmail E-mail service.
1998 - Fin de la peseta en España.
1999 - La administración del Canal de Panamá es entregada por los Estados Unidos a Panamá.
1999 - Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, to be replaced by Vladimir Putin
1999 - Five hijackers, who had been holding 155 hostages on an Indian Airlines plane, leave the plane with two Islamic clerics that they had demanded be freed.
1999 - The Panama Canal comes completely under Panama's jurisdiction.
1999 - Sarah Knauss dies at the age of 119 years - at death, the world's oldest person alive.
1999 - Elliot Richardson dies (b. 1920). American politician.
1999 Control of Panamá Canal reverts to Panamá.
2000 - Alan Cranston dies (b. 1914). American politician.
2000 - Kenneth L. Pike dies (b. 1912). He was a U.S. linguist and anthropologist known for his studies of the aboriginal languages of Mexico, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, New Guinea, Java, Ghana, Nigeria, Australia, Nepal, and the Philippines.
2000 - José Greco dies. Spanish Flamenco dance.
2000 - Bill Clinton suscribe el tratado para crear el Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI) con capacidad para investigar y juzgar a individuos acusados de haber cometido graves delitos contra el Derecho Internacional Comunitario. Su sucesor en la presidencia de los EE.UU., George W. Bush, retirará la participación de los EE.UU. en el tribunal.
2000 - Manuel de Rivacoba y Rivacoba dies. Spanish penalist and politician.
2003 - Arthur R. von Hippel German-born American physicist and professor at MIT
2004 - Gerard Debreu dies (b. 1921). French-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate.
2005 - Lisbon-Dakar all terrain veihucules rallye starts, naturally from Lisbon.
R.C. Saints - Pope Sylvester I (optional memorial)
Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Sharaf (Honor) - First day of the 16th month of the Bahá'í Calendar.
- 0039 - Tito Flavio Vespasiano was born (d. 0081). Roman emperor.
- 0274 - St Felix I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1218 - Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford dies (b. 1162). English politician.
- 1460 - Richard, Duke of York dies killed in battle (b. 1411). Claimant to the English throne
- 1525 - Jacob Fugger dies at 66. German banker and merchant.
- 1552 - Simon Forman was born (d. 1611). English occultist and astrologer.
- 1572 - Galeazzo Alessi dies (b. 1512). Italian architect.
- 1573 - Giovanni Battista Giraldi dies (b. 1504). Italian writer.
- 1591 - Pope Innocent IX dies (b. 1519).
- 1642 - Vicenzo da Filicaja was born (d. 1707). Italian poet.
- 1678 - William Croft was born (d. 1727). English composer.
- 1703 -Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die.
- 1722 - Charles Yorke was born (d. 1770). Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.
- 1724 - Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée was born (d. 1805). French painter.
- 1741 - Bartolomeo Giacometti was born. Composer.
- 1781 - John Needham dies [b. 1713]; English naturalist and Roman Catholic priest.
- 1788 - Francesco Zuccarelli dies at 86. Italian rococo painter/etcher.
- 1803 - The Maratha chief Daulat Rao Sindhia and the British signed the Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon.
- 1819 - Theodor Fontane was born (d. 1898). German novelist and poet.
- 1851 - Asa Griggs Candler was born [d. 1929]; U.S. soft-drink manufacturer who developed Coca-Cola®.This soft drink began in 1886 when a druggist named John "Doc" Pemberton started selling the syrup that he used in his drugstore fountain drinks. When he died, the formula (still a very well kept secret) was sold to Asa Candler, a marketing genius.
- 1852 - Future U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb in Cincinnati.
- 1853 - André Messager was born. French composer.
- 1861 - US banks stops payments in gold.
- 1861 - Henrique de Paiva Couceiro was born in Lisbon. Portuguese militar and Governor of Angola.
- 1868 - Capitulación de las tropas paraguayas ante el duque de Caxias. Francisco Solano López no se rinde y acompañado por un puñado de combatientes, emprende al retirada hacia el norte de Paraguay .
- 1869 - Stephen Butler Leacock was born. British-Canadian writer and economist.
- 1873 - the American Metrological Society was formed in New York City.
- 1873 - Alfred E. Smith was born (d. 1944). U. S. politician.
- 1879 - Manuel de Araújo Porto Alegre dies in Lisbon, Portugal (b. 29 Nov 1806). Brazilian painter and writer.
- 1882 - Ángel Roffo was born. Argentine physician and investigator.
- 1883 - John Henry Dallmeyer dies [b. 1830]. German-born British inventor and manufacturer of lenses and telescopes.
- 1883 - Leonardo Coimbra was born in Lixa, Amarante (d. 1936). Portuguese philosopher.
- 1888 - U.S. troops intervene in Haiti
- 1890 - The Dressel Missions fight happens today.
- 1890 - Adolfo Ruiz Cortines was born (d. 1973). President of Mexico(1952 - 1958).
- 1897 - Alfredo Bracchi, was born. Italian author.
- 1898 - Luís da Câmara Cascudo was born in Natal. Brazilian writer, journalist and folclorist.
- 1899 - James Paget, dies [b. 1914] English surgeon and physiologist who is considered (with Rudolf Virchow) to be a founder of the science of pathology. Paget discovered (1834) in human muscle the parasitic worm that causes trichinosis. In 1877, he described Paget's disease of bone (osteitis deformans), a chronic disease of bones.
- 1900 - Battleships are sent to Tangiers by the Spanish government as the first part of its intended invasion of Morocco.
- 1904 - Dmitri Kabalevsky was born (d. 1987). Russian composer.
- 1906 - Carol Reed was born (d. 1976). English film director
- 1906 - Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy.
- 1910 - Paul Bowles was born (d. 1999). American composer and author
- 1911 - Jeanette Nolan was born. American actress
- 1913 - Tungsten filaments: Dr William David Coolidge patented a method for making ductile tungsten for the purpose of making filaments for electric lamps .
- 1917 - Un cataclismo de grandes dimensiones asola Guatemala, cuya ciudad capital quedó convertida en ruinas.
- 1917 - Seymour Melman was born (d. 2004). American industrial engineer.
- 1918 - The Spartacus League lead by Rosa Luxemburgo was transformed into the Communist Party of Germany at a party congress.
- 1920 -Albania was admitted to the League of Nations as sovereign and independent state.
- 1920 - Jack Lord was born (d. 1998). American actor.
- 1923 - Sara Lidman was born (d. 2004). Swedish writer.
- 1923 - Inauguración del primer servicio público aéreo en Argentina (de Buenos Aires a Montevideo).
- 1928 - Bo Diddley was born. American singer and musician.
- 1931 - Skeeter Davis was born (d. 2004). American singer.
- 1931 - Tyrone Power Sr dies at 62. Actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton).
- 1933 - O primeiro-ministro da Roménia, Íon Duca, é assassinado por um membro da Guarda de Ferro.
- 1934 - Del Shannon was born (d. 1990). American singer.
- 1934 - John Norris Bahcall was born (d. 2005). American physicist.
- 1934 - Joseph Bologna was born. American actor
- 1934 - Joseph P. Hoar was born. U.S. general
- 1934 - Russ Tamblyn was born. American actor, dancer, and singer
- 1935 - Sandy Koufax was born. Baseball player
- 1937 - Gordon Banks was born in Sheffield. British footballer (goal-keeper).
- 1937 - John Hartford was born (d. 2001). American musician.
- 1937 - Jim Marshall was born. American football player
- 1937 - Paul Stookey was born. American singer
- 1938 - An electronic television system was patented by V.K. Zworykin.
- 1941 - Mel Renfro was born. American football player
- 1942 - Vladimir Bukovsky was born. Russian author and dissident
- 1942 - Fred Ward was born. American actor
- 1944 - King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving his throne vacant.
- 1944 - Romain Roland dies. French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915).
- 1945 - Arnaldo Faria de Sá was born in São Paulo. Brazilian radio personality and politician.
- 1946 - Patti Smith was born. American singer
- 1947 - Michael Burns, Ph.D. was born. American actor and history professor
- 1947 - Alfred North Whitehead dies [b.1961]; English mathematician and philosopher, who collaborated with Bertrand Russell on Principia Mathematica (1910-13).
- 1947 - King Michael of Romania is obliged to abdicate and the Romanian republic is proclaimed.
- 1948 - The play Kiss Me, Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances.
- 1949 - India recognizes People's Republic of China.
- 1950 - Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia become Independent states in France Union.
- 1952 - June Anderson was born. American soprano
- 1953 - The first color television sets go on sale for about USD $1,175.
- 1954 - 1.st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston).
- 1956 - Suzy Bogguss was born. American singer
- 1957 - Matt Lauer was born. American newscaster
- 1957 - Israeli government of Ben-Gurion, resigns.
- 1959 - Tracey Ullman was born. English actress and singer
- 1961 - Douglas Coupland was born. Canadian author
- 1961 - Sean Hannity was born. American talk radio host and conservative political commentator.
- 1963 - Chandler Burr was born. American author.
- 1963 - Michelle Douglas was born. Canadian human rights activist.
- 1963 - Alessandra Mussolini was born in Naples, Italy. Actress (Ferragosto OK)
- 1965 - Zoe Kelli Simon was born. American actress.
- 1969 - Jack Yablonski was murdered. Reform mine leader.
- 1969 - Dave England was born. American television personality.
- 1972 - Kerry Collins was born. American football player.
- 1972 - Selton Mello was born in Passos, Minas Gerais. Brazilian actor.
- 1973 - Jason Behr was born. American actor.
- 1973 - Ato Boldon was born. West Indian athlete.
- 1974 - Beatles are legally disbanded (4 years after suit was brought).
- 1975 - Tiger Woods was born in Orlando, Florida. American golfer.
- 1975 - Constitution of Democratic Republic of Madagascar comes into force.
- 1976 - Meredith Monroe was born. Actress.
- 1978 - Tyrese was born. Singer.
- 1979 - Rock group, Emerson, Lake & Palmer break up.
- 1979 - Togo adopts constitution.
- 1980 - Eliza Dushku was born. Actress.
- 1981 - Wayne Gretzky scores his 50th goal in 39 games, an NHL record to this day.
- 1982 - Kristin Kreuk was born. Canadian actress.
- 1983 - A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
- 1984 - LeBron James was born. American basketball player
- 1985 - Pakistan restores constitution.
- 1987 - The Transkei government is overthrown in a bloodless coup led by General Bantubonke Holomisa, commander of the Transkei Defence Force.
- 1987 - Premier Mugabe elected President of Zimbabwe.
- 1989 - Dmitri Volkov swims world record 50m freestyle (27.15 sec).
- 1989 - Alex Germany-Wald was born. American activist
- 1989 - Ryan Sheckler was born. Professional skateboarder
- 1993 - Giuseppe Occhialini dies (b. 1997). Italian physicist.
- 1994 - Dmitri Ivanenko dies (b. 1904). Russian physicist.
- 1997 - In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, 400 people are killed from four villages.
- 1997 - In Spain a judge accused 36 Argentine military and police officers of involvement in torture and the disappearance of 600 Spaniards during the dirty war from 1976-1983. Most of those named served in the ESMA, a torture center used by the military regime.
- 1997 - In Italy Danilo Dolci, advocate of nonviolent social reform, died at age 73. His writings and poetry chronicled Sicily’s beauty and despair. His books include: “Report From Palermo,” “Waste,” and "Sicilian Lives".
- 1998 - Joaquim Pacífico da Silva dies in Guararema, São Paulo (b. 1909). Brazilian musician, singer and composer.
- 1999 - O ex-beatle George Harrison foi esfaqueado no tórax dentro de sua mansão em Londres por Michael Abram, de 33 anos. Foi hospitalizado recebendo alta dias depois.
- 2001 - Pakistan arrested Hafiz Saeed, leader of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (Army of the Pure) as India moved more troops to the border.
- 2002 - Eleanor Jack Gibson dies [b. 1910]; American psychologist who studied learning processes in children. She is remembered for her “visual cliff” experiment which showed how an infant's depth perception helps prevent injuries and falls.
- 2003 - The Bush administration announced it was banning the sale of ephedra, and urged consumers to immediately stop using the herbal stimulant linked to 155 deaths and dozens of heart attacks and strokes.
- 2003 - John Gregory Dunne dies. American novelist and screenwriter.
Nasci vagabundo em qualquer país,
minhas fronteiras são as do mundo.
Esta sina vem-me no sangue:
não me fartar! Um desejo morto,
mais de dez a matar.
O caminho é longo!…
— Mas nada é longe e distante
quando se quer realmente…
E nunca o cansaço é tão grande
que um passo mais senão possa dar.
(in Antologia de Poetas Alentejanos)
Joaquim Namorado (n. em Alter do Chão, 1914; m. 29 Dez 1969)
Pois bem, confesso:
fui eu quem destruiu as Babilônias
e descobriu a pólvora...
a estrela Sírius, de primeira grandeza,
(única no mercado)
deixou-me meu tio-avô em testamento.
No meu bolso esconde-se o segredo
e a metafísica das religiões
— tudo por inspiração!
e tenho a mania das grandezas...
Talvez ainda venha a ser Presidente da República...
Joaquim Namorado (n. em Alter do Chão, 1914; m. 29 Dez 1969)
- 1223 - El Papa Honorio III aprueba la regla de la Orden de los Frailes Menores (Franciscanos) fundada por San Francisco de Asis en 1209.
- 1563 - Sebastian Castellio dies (b. 1515). French theologian
- 1586 - Francisco de Moncada was born. Spanish earl of Osuna/marquis of Aytona.
- 1634 - John Albert Vasa dies (b. 1612). Polish bishop.
- 1661 - Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant dies (b. 1594). French poet.
- 1678 - Gotthard Wagner, was born. Composer.
- 1709 - Elisabeth Petrovna, Elizabeth of Russia, was born (d. 1762). Tsarina of Russia, daughter of Peter the Great .
- 1721 - Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (Madame de Pompadour) was born [† 15 Apr 1764]. Mistress of French King Louis XV.
- 1731 - Brook Taylor dies [b. 1685] British mathematician noted for his contributions to the development of calculus. In 1708, Taylor produced a solution to the problem of the centre of oscillation. His (1715) “Direct and Indirect Methods of Incrementation” introduced what is now called the calculus of finite differences.
- 1785 - Johan Herman Wessel dies (b. 1742). Norwegian poet.
- 1788 - Christian Jürgensen Thomsen was born [d.1865) Danish archaeologist who devoloped the three-part system of prehistory, naming the Stone, Bronze, and Iron ages for the successive stages of man's technological development in Europe.
- 1796 - Johann Christian Poggendorff was born (d. 1877). German physicist.
- 1800 - Charles Goodyear was born; invented vulcanized rubber [d. 1860].
- 1813 - Alexander Parkes was born [d. 1890]; British chemist and inventor who developed various industrial processes and materials.
- 1816 - Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig was born [d. 1895]; he was a founder of the physicochemical school of physiology in Germany. He developed the kymograph (1847) and a mercurial blood-gas pump (1859) which enables the separation of blood from the mixture of gases in it for analysis.
- 1825 - Jacques-Louis David dies (b. 1748). French painter.
- 1840 - Anton Dohrn was born (d. 1909). Zoologist.
- 1845 - Texas became the 28th state in the United States.
- 1859 - Venustiano Carranza, was born; President of México (1915-20) .
- 1869 - Se funda el Observatorio Astrónomico de Córdoba, Argentina.
- 1876 - Pablo Casals was born in Venrdell; Spanish cellist, conductor, composer (d. 1973).
- 1877 - Adolfo Alsina dies. Argentine politician.
- 1881 - Jess Willard was born (d. 1968). American boxer.
- 1891 - Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies [b. 1823] His major contributions in elliptic functions, the theory of algebraic equations, and the theory of algebraic numbers. However the topics he studied were restricted by the fact that he believed in the reduction of all mathematics to arguments involving only the integers and a finite number of steps.
- 1893 - Vera Brittain was born. Novelist, poet .
- 1894 - Christina Rossetti dies (b. 1830). English poet.
- 1896 - David Alfaro Siqueiros, was born; Mexican painter/muralist (Liberation of Chile).
- 1898 - Se estrena en Munich el poema sinfónico Don Quijote, de Richard Straus.
- 1899 - Nie Rongzhen was born (d. 1992). Chinese Communist military leader.
- 1903 - Candido Portinari was born (d. 1962). Brazilian painter.
- 1908 - Helmut Gollwitzer was born (d. 1993). German theologian.
- 1911 - Klaus Fuchs was born [d.1988]; Emil Klaus Julius Fuchs was a German-born physicist and spy who was arrested and convicted (1950) for giving vital American and British atomic-research secrets to the Soviet Union.
- 1911 - Alves Redol was born in Vila Franca de Xira (d. 29 Nov 1969). Portuguese writer.
- 1914 - Billy Tipton was born (d. 1989). American musician.
- 1914 - Albert Tucker was born (d. 1999). Australian artist.
- 1917 - Tom Bradley was born (d. 1998). Mayor of Los Angeles, California.
- 1925 - French Comunist Party is created.
- 1926 - Rainer Maria Rilke dies (4 Dec 1875). German poet.
- 1927 - Andy Stanfield was born (d. 1985). American athlete.
- 1931 - Prince Gu of Korea was born (d. 2005)
- 1934 - Tom Jarriel was born. American correspondent.
- 1936 - Mary Tyler Moore was born. American actress.
- 1936 - Ray Nitschke was born (d. 1998). American football player.
- 1936 - Angelina Muñiz-Huberman was born. French-born Mexican writer ( Dulcinea encantada; Huerto cerrado, huerto sellado; De magias y prodigios; La memoria del aire).
- 1936 - John Cornford dies murdered in Madrid (b. 27 Dec 1915). English author [The Last Mile to Huesca (1936) and Poems from Spain (1936)].
- 1937 - The Constitution of Ireland, changing the Irish Free State into Eire, went into effect.
- 1937 - Barbara Steele was born. British actress.
- 1937 - Don Marquis dies (b. 1878). American author.
- 1938 - Jon Voight, was born, American actor (Deliverance, Midnight Cowboy) .
- 1940 - During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.
- 1941 - Tullio Levi-Civita dies [b. 1873]; Italian mathematician known for his work on the absolute differential calculus with its applications to the theory of relativity.
- 1946 - Abel de Lima Salazar dies in Lisbon (b. 19 Jul 1889). Portuguese physician, scientist and painter.
- 1946 - Marianne Faithfull, was born. Singer.
- 1947 - Ted Danson was born. American actor.
- 1951 - Yvonne Elliman was born. American disco singer
- 1952 - Gelsey Kirkland was born. American dancer
- 1952 - A coelacanth, once thought to have been extinct for 75 million years, is caught off the Comoros and sent to scientists in South Africa.
- 1953 - Gali Atari was born. Israeli singer
- 1954 - Roger Voudouris was born. American singer and songwriter
- 1956 - Metro of Lisbon (Portugal) is inaugurated.
- 1957 - Singers Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme were married in Las Vegas.
- 1959 - Patricia Clarkson was born. American Actress
- 1960 - Frederick Fuller Russell dies [b. 1870]; American scientist who developed the first successful U.S. typhoid fever vaccine.
- 1960 - Henri-Gaston Busignies was born [d. 1981]; French-born American electronics engineer permitted the U.S. Navy during World War II to detect enemy transmissions ( from wich a radio transmission was coming) throught his high-frequency direction finders (HF/DF) Busignies invented also the radiocompass (1926) .
- 1960 - Eden Phillpotts dies (b. 1862). British writer.
- 1961 - Anton Flettner dies [b. 1885]; German inventor of the rotor ship, a vessel propelled by revolving cylinders mounted vertically on the deck. He also developed a device that allowed airplane pilots to raise or lower a plane's nose for better control. 1963 - Francisco Bustamante was born. Filipino billiard player.
- 1963 - Dave McKean was born. English artist and filmmaker
- 1967 - Paul Whiteman dies (b. 1890). The “King of Jazz”. His sucesses includes “My Blue Heaven” and “All of Me”.
- 1967 - Andy Wachowski was born. American director.
- 1967 - Edson Cordeiro was born. Brazilian singer.
- 1968 - Numa operação antiterrorista, comandos israelitas destroem 13 aviões de guerra libaneses.
- 1970 - Aled Jones was born. Welsh singer and television presenter
- 1970 - Kevin Weisman was born. American actor
- 1972 - Jason Kreis was born. American soccer player
- 1972 - Jude Law was born. English actor
- 1973 - Theo Epstein was born. Baseball general manager
- 1974 - Richie Sexson was born. Baseball player
- 1978 - Alexis Amore was born. Peruvian actress, dancer, and model
- 1978 - Kieron Dyer was born. English footballer
- 1978 - LaToya London was born. American singer.
- 1980 - Tim Hardin was born (b. 1941). American musician
- 1980 - Nadezhda Mandelstam was born (b. 1899). Russian writer.
- 1981 - Angela Via was born. American singer
- 1984 - Rajiv Gandhi wins landslide election victory (BBC)
- 1986 - Joaquim Namorado dies (b. 1914). Portuguese poet.
- 1989 - Hermann Julius Oberth dies [b. 1894]; German scientist who is considered to be one of the founders of modern astronautics.
- 1992 - Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil, resigned.
- 1992 - Itamar Franco is the new President of Brazil.
- 1992 - President Daniel Torotich arap Moi wins the first multi-party elections held in Kenya for 26 years.
- 1995 - Nello Celio, President of Switzerland (1972), dies at 81.
- 1998 - Six people have died after mountainous seas smashed into yachts taking part in the prestigious Sydney to Hobart race.
- 1999 - The Nasdaq composite index closed above 4,000 for the first time, ending the day at 4,041.46.
- 2001 - A massive fire in the historic district of downtown Lima kills at least 274 people.
- 2001 - Cássia Eller dies in Rio de Janeiro (b. 10 Dec 1962). Brazilian singer and musician.
- 2003 - Earl Hindman dies (b. 1942). American actor.
- 2003 - Dinsdale Landen dies (b. 1932). English actor.
- 2003 - Bob Monkhouse dies (b. 1928). English comedian and game show host
- 2004 - Liddy Holloway dies (b. 1947). New Zealand actress.
- 2005 - Officials Hope to Free Hostages in Yemen Soon. Yemeni authorities say they are hopeful of a speedy release of a kidnapped former high-ranking German official and his family seized by tribesmen in the eastern part of the country.