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2004-12-20

On this day in History - Dec. 20

  • 0069 - General Vespasianus occupies Rome.
  • 0069 - Died this day, Aulus Vitellius, Roman commandant of Rhine and 7th emperor, murdered.
  • 0910 - Alfonso III de Great, King of Asturias, dies.
  • 1046 - Synod of Sutri: German king Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI .
  • 1537 - King John III of Sweden was born (d. 1592) .
  • 1594 - Giovanni Battista Gagliano was born, composer.
  • 1629 - Pieter de Hooch, was born, Duttch painter (d. 1684).
  • 1699 - Pedro o Grande anuncia a adoção de um novo calendário russo, cujo Ano Novo começaria em 1 de janeiro e não mais em 1 de setembro.
  • 1766 - São incorporadas na Coroa Portuguesa todas as saboarias do Reino. O conde Castelo Melhor, que perde o monopólio, é compensado com o título de marquês e importantes bens fundiários.
  • 1780 - England declares war on Netherlands.
  • 1792 - Nicolas Charlet, was born, painter (d. 1845) .
  • 1795 - Retirados los restos de Cristóbal Colón de la catedral de Santo Domingo para trasladarlos a Cuba.
  • 1803 - The United States purchased the Louisiana territory from France .
  • 1805 - Thomas Graham, was born, Father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869).
  • 1823 - Franz Schuberts "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde" premieres in Vienna .
  • 1830 - England, France, Prussia, Austria & Russia recognize Belgium .
  • 1833 - Samuel Mudd, was born, physician, possible conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln .
  • 1841 - Born this day, Ferdinand-Èdouard Buisson, in France, educator (Nobel Peace Prize 1927).
  • 1856 - Ferdinand Avenarius, was born author (d. 1923)
  • 1860 - South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union.
  • 1860 - Dan Leno, was born English entertainer (d. 1904) .
  • 1861 - Ivana Kobilca, was born Slovene painter (d. 1926) .
  • 1865 - Elsie De Wolfe, was born, aka Lady Mendl, actress & interior decorator (d. 1950).
  • 1868 - Harvey Samuel Firestone, was born , industrialist, Firestone tyres (d. 1938) .
  • 1879 - Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park .
  • 1881 - Branch Rickey was born , American baseball executive [d. 1965]
  • 1894 - Sir Robert Menzies, twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1978).
  • 1890 - Jaroslav Heyrovsky, prix Nobel de chimie en 1959.
  • 1892 - Pneumatic automobile tire patented, Syracuse, NY.
  • 1894 - Foi criado o Comité Olímpico Português.
  • 1898 - Born this day, Irene [Marie] Dunne, in Louisville, Kentucky, actress (Show Boat, I Remember Mama, My Favorite Wife).
  • 1915 - Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli .
  • 1917 - Cheka, first Soviet secret police, founded under Felix Dzerzjinski .
  • 1917 - Gonzalo Rojas, nascimiento de, poeta chileno.
  • 1918 - Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in New York NY.
  • 1922 - 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR) .
  • 1922 - Polish parliament selects Stanislaw Wojcieckowski as president.
  • 1927 - Kim Young-sam, was born, President of South Korea .
  • 1932 - On this date in 1932, Al Jolson, the most famous singer of his day, recorded one of his best-known songs, April Showers on Brunswick Records.
  • 1933 - Bolivia & Paraguay sign weapon cease fire .
  • 1935 - Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii .
  • 1935 - Italians are driven back to the Dembeguina Pass when Abyssinian troops cross the River Takkaze.
  • 1941 - Japanese troops landed on Mindanao. (World War II).
  • 1942 - 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta .
  • 1942 - Sílvio de Abreu, nasceu neste dia, novelista brasileiro
  • 1944 - É criada no Rio de Janeiro a Fundação Getúlio Vargas.
  • 1946 - Born this day, Patti Smith, singer, songwriter.
  • 1947 - Gigliola Cinquetti, was born , Italian singer.
  • 1948 - O Canadá reconhece o estabelecimento do Estado de Israel.
  • 1949 - Claudia Jennings [Mary Ellen Chestrerton] was born in Minnesota, playmate (November 1969) .
  • 1952 - United States Air Force C-124 crashs and burns in Moses Lake, Washington killing 87 .
  • 1952 - Brigitte Bardot married Roger Vadim.
  • 1954 - 20 000 soldats français sont envoyés en Algérie .
  • 1955 - Indépendance du Soudan .
  • 1956 - Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra.
  • 1961 - Résolution de l'ONU sur le statut des corps célestes : ils peuvent être librement explorés par tous les États et ne sont pas susceptibles d'appropriation nationale.
  • 1962 - Osmond brothers debut on Andy Williams Show .
  • 1962 - D Sjostakovitz opera "Katerina Ismailova," premieres in Moscow .
  • 1962 - In its first free election in 38 years, the Dominican Republic chooses leftist Juan Bosch Gavino as president.
  • 1963 - Berlin Wall opened for first time More than two years after the Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing its communist regime, nearly 4000 West Berliners are allowed to cross into East Berlin to visit relatives, under a 17 day Christmas accord .
  • 1963 -Trial against 22 camp guards of Auschwitz begins .
  • 1967 - 474,300 US soldiers in Vietnam
  • 1968 - John Steinbeck writer : Grapes of Wrath, (Nobel 1940, 62), dies [b.1902]
  • 1968 - In Spain, Franco banished Prince Carlos, pretender to the Spanish throne.
  • 1969 - Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat is named by Colonel Gamal Abdul al-Nasser as his successor.
  • 1969 - Peter, Paul & Mary's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" reaches #1
  • 1971 - Pakistan President Yahya Khan resigns (Ali Bhutto assumes power)
  • 1973 - España, el presidente del Gobierno español, Luis Carrero Blanco, es asesinado con una bomba por la banda terrorista ETA.
  • 1976 - Walter Fitzgerald, actor (Adv of Sadie, Fallen Idol), dies at 80
  • 1976 - Israel's PM Yitzhak Rabin resigns .
  • 1979 - Kim Jae-kyu, o cabeça do Serviço Secreto da Coréia, é condenado a morte pelo assassinato do presidente Park Chung-hee em Seul.
  • 1980 - Born this day, Ashley Cole, footballer, in Stepney, East London.
  • 1982 - Artur Rubinstein, dies in Geneva, musician- pianist (My young years) (b. 1887)
  • 1983 - PLO chairman Yasser Arafat and 4,000 loyalists evacuated Lebanon.
  • 1983 - El Salvador adopts constitution .
  • 1983 - Ladrões roubam a taça Jules Rimet da sede da Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. O troféu pesava 1,8 kg em ouro puro.
  • 1984- 33 unknown Bach keyboard works found in Yale library .
  • 1987- Dona Paz ferry sinks after crash with oil tanker Vector, 4.386 die. .
  • 1988- É assassinado Chico Mendes, líder dos seringueiros no Acre e fundador do Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Basiléia e Xapuri (Brasil) .
  • 1988 - Premier Ranasinghe Premadasa was elected President of Sri Lanka.
  • 1989 - Operation Just Cause: United States invaded Panama and installed a new government but failed to capture General Manuel Noriega
  • 1989 - El pintor español José María Sicilia, galardonado con el Premio Nacional español de Artes Plásticas.
  • 1990 - Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze resigns
  • 1992 - Slobodan Milosevic was re-elected as President of Serbia.
  • 1994 - México desvaloriza o peso e inicia o efeito Tequila em todas as economias da América Latina.
  • 1995 - NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia
  • 1995 - An American Airlines Boeing 757 crashes into a mountain 50 km north of Cali, Colombia killing 160
  • 1996 - Promulgação da Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional (Brazil)
  • 1996 - Carl Sagan died at age 62, American astronomer.
  • 1999 - Vermont's Supreme Court rules that homosexual couples are entitled to same benefits and protections as married heterosexual couples
  • 2001 - Léopold Sédar Senghor, poet, Senegal's first president. Senghor, 95, dies at his home in Normandy
  • 2001 - A crise argentina atingiu o momento mais grave. O ministro da Economia, Domingo Cavallo, pediu demissão pois o Congresso retirou os poderes especiais que ele havia recebido. Os argentinos sentem a crise no país, com a renúncia também do presidente Fernando de La Rua. O presidente do Senado, Ramón Puerta, assume o governo provisoriamente.
  • 2002 - US Senator Trent Lott resigns as majority leader.

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2004-12-19

Não me peças mais canções - António Botto

Não me peças mais canções
Porque a cantar vou sofrendo;
Sou como as velas do altar
Que dão luz e vão morrendo.

Se a minha voz conseguisse
Dissuadir essa frieza
E a tua boca sorrisse!
Mas sóbria por natureza

Não a posso renovar
E o brilho vai-se perdendo...
- Sou como as velas do altar
Que dão luz e vão morrendo.

António Botto

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On this day in History - Dec. 19

  • 401 - St. Anastasius I, Pope (309-401), dies
  • 1154 -Henrique II is crowned King of England.
  • 1732 - Benjamin Franklin under the name of Richard Saunders began publishing Poor Richard's Almanac.
  • 1749 - Francesco Antonio Bonporti, composer, dies at 76
  • 1776 -Thomas Paine published his first American Crisis essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls."
  • 1777 - George Washington's army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • 1790 - William Edward Parry, was born, British naval officer, explorer - Born at Bath, England [d. 1885]
  • 1795 - 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
  • 1813 - Thomas Andrews, was born, chemist (d. 1885)
  • 1842 - United States recognizes the independence of Hawaii
  • 1843 - Charles Dickens published "A Christmas Carol" .
  • 1861 - The Battle of Black Water took place.
  • 1894 -Yoshida Isoya, was born in Tokyo Japan, Architect (modern sukiya style)
  • 1897 - El presidente estadounidense, William MacKinley, anuncia la intervención de su país en la guerra de Cuba contra España.
  • 1901 -Vitorino Nemésio was born in Praia da Vitória, Ilha Terceira, Açores, Portuguese teacher and writer [d. 20-Feb-1978].
  • 1902 - Sir Ralph Richardson , was born , actor
  • 1906 - Leonid Brezhnev was born, political leader - 1st Secretary of USSR (1964-82)
  • 1907 - Gas explosion at Jacobs Creek Pa, coal mine kills 239.
  • 1910 - Jean Genet was born, playwright.
  • 1912 - William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum, that killed over 1,000 people on June 15, 1904, the worst disaster in New York City before 9/11, was pardoned after 3 1/2 years in Sing Sing prison by President Taft.
  • 1915 - Edith Piaf (Edith Giovanna Gassion) was born, cabaret singer, actress [d. 1963]
  • 1915 -Alvis Alzheimer, German neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • 1933 - Cicely Tyson was born ,actress 1944 - Richard Leakey was born; Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist, and government official.
  • 1845 - Austria becomes a republic for the second time, the first having been interupted by the Nazi invasion of Austria in the mid 1930s.
  • 1940 - Tomás Carrasquilla, fallecimiento de; escritor colombiano.
  • 1941 - II Guerra Mundial, Hitler takes complete command of German Army
  • 1943- Military coup in Bolivia.
  • 1946 - Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi
  • 1946 - Marianne Faithfull, was born in Hampstead England, singer (Money, As Tears Go By)
  • 1950 - Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander
  • 1950 - Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion
  • 1953 - Robert A Millikan, US physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85
  • 1960 - Daryl Hannah, was born in Chicago IL, actress (Splash). see photo
  • 1961 - British government begins decimal coin system
  • 1961 - Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization
  • 1963 - Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom to become a constitutional monarchy under the sultan.
  • 1964 - Arvidas Sabonis, was born, in Kaunas, Lithuania. basketball player.
  • 1965 - French, Charles de Gaulle is re-elected presidente (Mitterrand gets 45%).
  • 1966 - Alberto Tomba, nasceu neste dia, esquiador italiano.
  • 1967 - Harold Holt, dies ; seventeenth Prime Minister of Australia (b.1908)
  • 1969 -Ugandan premier Apollo Milton Obote is shot in the head by a gunman.
  • 1972 - Apollo 17, the last manned lunar flight, returns to Earth.
  • 1972 - Alyssa Milano, was born in Brooklin NY, actress (see wallpaper)
  • 1973 - Grenada adopts constitution
  • 1974 - The Altair 8800, the first personal computer, goes on sale
  • 1977 - Maria Joana Parizotto, nasceu neste dia, Miss Universe-Brazil (1996).
  • 1978 - John Wayne Gacy is arrested for the killings of 33 boys and young men
  • 1979 - Kramer vs. Kramer opens in theaters, starring Dustin Hoffman and Meryl Streep.
  • 1980 - Anguilla is made a dependency of the United Kingdom separate from St. Kitt's
  • 1980 - Marla Sokoloff, was born, actress (Full House, The Practice)
  • 1984 - The United Kingdom and People's Republic of China sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which handed Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997.
  • 1982 -South Africa's only nuclear power plant, Koeberg, is bombed by the MK (Umkhonto we Sizwe, The Spear of the Nation) causing extensive damage.
  • 1984 -Britain and China signed an accord returning Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty on July 1, 1997.
  • 1986 USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile
  • 1987 - Gari Kasparov becomes world chess champ
  • 1990 - Fútbol, Emilio Butragueño se convierte en el máximo goleador de la historia de la selección española, con 26 tantos (goals)
  • 1990 - Xavier Benguerel, ( Daniel Rovira) Spanish writer dies
  • 1991 - Boris Yeltsin takes control of Kremlin
  • 1996 - Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (b. 1924)
  • 1997 - El Gobierno irlandés libera a nueve presos del IRA, en un gesto de gracia del Gobierno de Dublín. Este indulto colectivo se interpreta como una muestra de apoyo al proceso de paz.
  • 1997 - A Silkair Boeing 737-300 crashes into the Musi River, in Sumatra, Indonesia killing 104
  • 1998 -President Bill Clinton impeached on two counts by the House of Representatives.
  • 1999 - China recupera el enclave de Macao tras 442 años en manos de Portugal, que de esta forma pierde su última colonia.
  • 2001 - The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring is the first Lord of the Rings movie to open in theaters.
  • 2001 - A new world-record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 mb (32.06 inches Hg) is set at Tosontsengel, Hövsgöl Aymag, Mongolia
  • 2001 - President Fernando de La Rua declares a state of siege in Argentina as riots and looting worsens in response to government austerity measures and worsening poverty.
  • 2003 -Muammar al-Qaddafi of Libya announced that his country would discontinue development of weapons of mass destruction.

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2004-12-18

Benfica - Penafiel 1 - 0
Superliga Portugal 2004/2005

O Benfica não poderia ter melhor adversário depois da copiosa derrota por 4-1 frente ao Belenenses. De facto a equipa penafidelense jogou na primeira parte muito defensivamente dando o comando do jogo ao Benfica que controlou a bola e o jogo, mas sem criar, verdade se diga, muitas oportunidades de golo. Aos 22' Argel marcou na sequência de um pontapé de canto o golo do Benfica. No fim da 1ª parte o Benfica tinha 75% de posse da bola, percentagem que deve ser record do campeonato.

A 2ª parte foi mais equilibrada com o Penafiel a dispôr aos 49' também na sequência de um canto uma boa oportunidade para o empate, que foi desperdiçada. À medida que o tempo de jogo avançava percebia-se que o Benfica estava mais interessado em manter o resultado do que ampliá-lo enquanto o Penafiel com as substituições operadas procurava agora atacar. No entanto, desta vez as coisas correram bem a Argel e até Alcides teve uma boa estreia.

A arbitragem não complicou num jogo fácil, mas um dos auxiliares falhou no capítulo do fora de jogo, assinalando designadamente um fora de jogo a Sokota quando este estava isolado para fazer o 2-0. A continuidade da jogada valeu o cartão amarelo a Sokota.

Melhor jogador em campo : Argel

Antes deste jogo já o Braga havia despachado o Boavista por 3-0 (com 2-0 ao intervalo) que aos 15' já vencia por 2-0 com golos de Luís Loureiro logo aos 2' e de Tiago na própria baliza ; perto do fim do jogo ( 82') Baha finalizou a contagem.

Na 6ª feira o FC Porto voltou ao comando da classificação ao derrotar o Moreirense por 1-0 num jogo de gestão de esforços e em que a perda de algumas oportunidades para chegar ao 2-0 e tranquilizar a equipa não chegou para aumentar o perigo de sofrer o empate já que o Moreirense passou a estar reduzido a dez jogadores por lesão aos 77' quando já havia feito as três substituições permitidas.

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On this day in History - Dec. 18

  • 218 BC - Battle of the Trebia, Hannibal's first great victory over the Roman Republic.
  • 1290 - Magnus I of Sweden, dies; king of Sweden 1275-1290 (b. 1240)
  • 1352 - Innocent VI is elected Pope.
  • 1577 - Anna, Duchess of Saxon / Wife of Prince Willem of Orange, dies at 32
  • 1621- English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation
  • 1626 - Queen Christina of Sweden was born (d. 1689)
  • 1642 - Abel Tasman lands at Mohua Golden Bay becoming the first European in New Zealand.
  • 1651 - Died this day, Francisco de Melo, Portuguese-Spanish earl of Assumar, aged 54.
  • 1709 - Tsarina Elizaveta Petrovna, Russian politician - Born at Moscow
  • 1737 - Renowned Italian Violin maker Antonio Stradivari died in Cremona, Italy.
  • 1774 - Jews were expelled from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia by the Empress Maria Theresa
  • 1776 - North Carolina's Constitution is ratified.
  • 1779 - Born this day, Joseph Grimaldi, in England, pantomimist, clown, singer, dancer, acrobat. Created the white faced clown called Joey. Died in 1873. Known as the 'greatest clown in history'.
  • 1787 - New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
  • 1812 - Napoleon Bonaparte arrives in Paris after his disastrous campaign in Russia.
  • 1862 - General Ulysses S. Grant issued General Order No. 11, expelling Jews from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.
  • 1865 - Francisco Manuel da Silva, dies., Brazilien composer (n. 1791).
  • 1865 -Slavery was abolished with the ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
  • 1888 - Born this day, Robert Moses, power broker, (built Long Island and New York City parks and roads).
  • 1892 - Tchaikovsky's "The Nutcracker Suite" premiered at St. Petersburg's Maryinksy Theatre.
  • 1879 - Paul Klee , was born; Swiss abstract painter and graphic artist (d. 1940)
  • 1886 - Ty Cobb , was born; baseball player (d. 1961)
  • 1894 - Women in South Australia become the first in Australia to gain the right to vote and to be elected to Parliament.
  • 1912 - Piltdown Man "discovered"
  • 1913 - Willy Brandt was born, German German Chancellor (1969-74, Nobel 1971) [d. 1992]
  • 1915 - U. S. President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt
  • 1916 - Betty Grable was born , actress (d. 1973)
  • 1916 - Durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial, a Batalha de Verdun terminou, após dez meses de combates e a morte de cerca de um milhão de combatentes de ambos os lados
  • 1917 - O Congresso norte-americano passa a “lei seca”, uma emenda constitucional que proíbe a venda de bebidas alcoólicas no país.
  • 1917 - Soviet regiment (Stalin/Lenin) declares Finland Independent
  • 1926 - The Makropulos Affair, an opera by the Czech composer Leoš Janáček, premiered in Brno, the Czech Republic.
  • 1926 - La Cámara de Diputados de Guatemala proclama nuevo presidente al general Lazaro Chacón.
  • 1929 - Gran exposición de Paul Klee en Berlín, con motivo del 50 aniversario del nacimiento del artista.
  • 1932 -Amy Johnson lands in the UK after a pioneering flight of seven days, seven hours and five minutes from South Africa.
  • 1935- Eduard Benes é eleito o segundo presidente da Tchecoslováquia, após a renúncia de Tomas Masaryk.
  • 1940 - Adolf Hitler signed a secret directive ordering preparations for a Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. Operation Barbarossa was launched in June 1941.
  • 1941 - Japanese troops land on Hong Kong .
  • 1941 - German submarine U-434 sinks.
  • 1943 - Keith Richards was born; British rock singer musician, songwriter (the Rolling Stones) .
  • 1945 - Uruguay joins UN.
  • 1947 - Steven Spielberg was born, American Film Director ( Jaws; E.T.; The Color Purple; Jurassic Park; Schindler's List ; Amistad; Saving Private Ryan, and many others).
  • 1948 Holanda vuelve a ocupar Indonesia, país al que había concedido hacía poco la independencia, ante el caos político allí existente.
  • 1955 - Ray Liotta, was born in Newark NJ, actor
  • 1956 - Japan was admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1957-The Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania became the first civilian nuclear facility to generate electricity in the United States.
  • 1958 - Niger becomes independent.
  • 1961 - Indonesia invaded New Guinea to annex West Papua, formerly known as Netherlands New Guinea.
  • 1962 - Dmitri Shostakovich's 13th Symphony, premieres in Moscow-
  • 1963 - Brad Pitt was born, American actor.
  • 1964 -"The Pink Panther" cartoon series premieres (Pink Phink)
  • 1966 - Saturn's moon Epimetheus was discovered by Richard L. Walker, and then lost for 12 years
  • 1966 -Gianluca Pagliuca, was born, Italian actress (Ugly, Dirty & Bad).
  • 1968 -Alejandro Sanz was born, singer .
  • 1969-The British Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
  • 1971 - Arantxa Sanchez Vicario was born - Tennis player .
  • 1972 - The United States began its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam at that time during the Vietnam War. (The bombardment ended 12 days later).
  • 1973 - The Soyuz 13 was launched.
  • 1978 - Katie Holmes, American actress (see wallpaper
  • 1980 - Christina Aguilera, American singer .
  • 1980 - former Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin died at age 76.
  • 1980 - Bruce Sprinsteen's concert at Madison Sq Garden.
  • 1984 - 73rd Davis Cup: Sweden beats USA in Gothenburg (4-1) .
  • 1986 - El pintor Miguel Barceló y el escultor Miguel Navarro reciben el Premio Nacional de Artes Plásticas de España.
  • 1986 - El dramaturgo español Antonio Buero Vallejo logra el Premio Cervantes de Literatura.
  • 1987 - Perl 1.000 is released by Larry Wall
  • 1987 - Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan's future president, marries Asif Ali Zardari
  • 1987 - O presidente José Sarney proíbe a pesca da baleia.
  • 1988 - El escritor chileno Luis Sepúlveda obtiene el premio "Tigre Juan" de novela, otorgado en España, con "Un viejo que leía novelas de amor".
  • 1989- Los presidentes de los cinco países integrantes del Pacto Andino (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela), reunidos en las islas Galápagos, acuerdan reactivar el Pacto y firman un compromiso de paz y cooperación.
  • 1995 - Javier Solana Madariaga toma posesión como secretario general de la OTAN. Se trata del décimo dirigente de esta organización.
  • 1996 - "Ebonics" was declared a language or dialect by the school board of Oakland, California.
  • 1997 - HTML 4.0 is released by the World Wide Web Consortium
  • 1999 - Robert Bresson, French film director (b. 1907)
  • 1999 El miembro de ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) Ramón Aldasoro Magunacelaya es extraditado a España por las autoridades judiciales de Estados Unidos. Se trata del primer etarra extraditado por este país
  • 2000 -George W. Bush received 271 votes in the delayed Electoral College balloting.
  • 2001 - Gilbert Bécaud, French singer dies (b. 1927)
  • 2002 - The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers is the second Lord of the Rings movie to open in theaters.
  • 2002 - California Governor Grey Davis announced that the state would face a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier; the budget issue was used to support his 2003 recall from office.
  • 2003 - Michael Jackson was formally charged with molesting a cancer-stricken boy at his Neverland Ranch; Jackson has maintained his innocence.

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2004-12-17

On this day in History - Dec. 17

  • 283 - St Gaius becomes Pope.
  • 384 - St Siricius becomes Pope.
  • 1187 - Gregory VIII, [Alberto de Morra], Italian Pope dies
  • 1471 - Isabella of Portugal, Duchess of Burgundy, dies
  • 1531 - Installation de l'Inquisition à Lisbonne par le pape Clément VII
  • 1538 - Pope Paul III excommunicates King Henry VIII of England
  • 1663 - Dona Ana de Souza, falecimento, rainha do Ndongo e de Matamba, em Angola.
  • 1718 - England declared war on Spain.
  • 1734 - Maria I, nascia; a Pia, Rainha de Portugal
  • 1770 - Johann Friedrich Schubert, born this day, composer.
  • 1777 - France recognized American independence.
  • 1796 - Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1797 - Joseph Henry, was born ; US, Scientist / inventor / pioneer of electromagnetism
  • 1807 - John Greenleaf Whittier was born [d. 1892]. American Poet. Whittier was a pioneer in regional literature as well as a crusader for many humanitarian causes.
  • 1830 - Simon Bolivar died in Santa Marta [b. 1783]; General and Venezuelan statesman, first President of Colombia,
  • 1843 - A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens is published.
  • 1903 - Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first flight in a heavier-than-air plane at Kitty Hawk, N.C.
  • 1906 - Nascimento do musicólogo e compositor português Fernando Lopes Graça em Tomar.
  • 1907 - Indépendance du Bhoutan
  • 1909 - King Leopold II of Belgium , dies (b. 1835)
  • 1925 - Manuel Teixeira Gomes abandona definitivamente Portugal.Depois de ser eleito presidente, o seu mandato foi marcado por grande instabilidade política e social, conduzindo à sua resignação em 11 de Dezembro de 1925. Em 17 de Dezembro, embarca no paquete grego "Zeus". Nunca mais regressará a Portugal.
  • 1925 -Russia & Turkey sign non-aggresion pact.
  • 1930 - Bob Guccione, was born, publisher of Penthouse magazine
  • 1939 - the German pocket battleship "Graf Spee" was scuttled by its crew, ending the World War II Battle of the River Plate off Uruguay.
  • 1941 - Nazi siege of Sevastopol begins.
  • 1941 - Dutch & Australian troops lands on Portuguese-Timor.
  • 1944 -The U.S. Army announced the end of its policy of holding Japanese-Americans in internment camps, allowing "evacuees" to return home.
  • 1944 - Ference Bene, was born, Hungary, record 12 soccer goals (Olympic Gold-1964).
  • 1951 -Tatyana Kazankina was born,in Petrovsk, USSR;
    middle distance runner (Olympic Gold-1976).
  • 1953 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' 10th Symphony, premieres in Leningrad.
  • 1957 - the United States successfully test-fired the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile for the first time.
  • 1957 - création du "Partido Acción Nacional", parti politique Mexico.
  • 1958 - Mike Mills, was born, rock musician (R.E.M.).
  • 1960 - Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Ethiopia after being ousted by his son.
  • 1961 - India seizes Goa, Damão and Diu from Portugal.
  • 1963 -Tsjoi Doo Sun forms government in South Korea.
  • 1969 - General Arthur da Costa e Silva, President of Brazil (1967-69), dies in Rio de Janeiro, at age of 67.
  • 1969 - Signature d'un traité d'amitié de 20 ans entre l'Algérie et la Tunisie.
  • 1969 -The U.S. Air Force ended its "Project Blue Book" and concluded that there was no evidence of extraterrestrial activity behind UFO (OVNI) sightings.
  • 1969 - SALT I talks begin.
  • 1970 - My Lai trial begins.
  • 1970 - Coastal cities events Mass riots in the coastal cities of Poland ended in massacre of shipyard workers in Gdynia .
  • 1971 -Cease fire between India & Pakistan in Kashmir .
  • 1972 - Ivan Pedroso, was born, Cuba, long jumper (Olympics-4th-92) .
  • 1973 - The American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses.
  • 1973 - Paula Radcliffe, was born, distance runner in athletics .
  • 1975 - Milla Jovovitch was born in Kiev, Ukraine, actress, model.
  • 1975 - Lynette Fromme was sentenced in federal court in Sacramento, Calif., to life in prison for her attempt on the life of President Ford.
  • 1978 - OPEC raises oil prices 18% .
  • 1978 - Referendum approves new constitution of Rwanda.
  • 1979 - in a case that aggravated racial tensions, Arthur McDuffie, a black insurance executive, was fatally beaten after a police chase in Miami. (Four white police officers were later acquitted of charges stemming from McDuffie’s death.)
  • 1981 - members of the Red Brigades kidnapped Brigadier General James L. Dozier, the highest-ranking U.S. Army official in southern Europe, from his home in Verona, Italy. (Dozier was rescued 42 days later).
  • 1983 - Bomb attack on Harrod's war house in London, 5 killed, 94 injured.
  • 1983 - Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die.
  • 1986 - Eugene Hasenfus, the American convicted by Nicaragua for his part in running guns to the Contras, was pardoned, then released.
  • 1986 - Vanessa Zima was born , actress.
  • 1986 -US Congress forms "Irangate" committee.
  • 1987 - Marguerite Yourcenar, dies, novelist (Memoirs of Hadrien), [b. 1903]
  • 1989 - The first half-hour length episode of The Simpsons debuts with their Christmas special, "Simpsons Roasting Over an Open Fire".
  • 1989 - Brazil holds its first direct free election in 29 years. Fernando Collor de Mello is elected President.
  • 1989 - Full scale street manifestations and riots in Timisoara ignite the Romanian Revolution
  • 1992 - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed by U.S (President Bush)., Canada, (Prime Minister Brian Mulroney) and Mexico (President Carlos Salinas) in separate ceremonies.
  • 1993 - American troops are pulled out of Somalia following a series of gun battles with Somali troops under the command of General Mohammed Farah Aidid.
  • 1993 -Tennis star Boris Becker (26) weds Barbara Feltus (27)
  • 1994 - North Korea shot down a U.S. Army helicopter which had strayed north of the demilitarized zone — the co-pilot, Chief Warrant Officer David Hilemon, was killed; the pilot, Chief Warrant Officer Bobby Hall, was captured and held for nearly two weeks.
    1994 -Six shots were fired at the White House by an unidentified gunman.
  • 1996 - Inauguration de la Bibliothèque François-Miterrand par Jacques Chirac
  • 1996 -Guerrilheiros do Movimento Revolucionário Tupac Amaru invadem a residência do embaixador japonês em Lima, Peru, e fazem 500 reféns.
  • 1996- A Assembléia Geral das Nações Unidas elege Kofi Annan, do país africano de Gana, como seu novo secretário-geral.
  • 1996 -Stanko Todorov, PM of Bulgaria (1971-81), dies
  • 1997 - A chartered Yakovlev-42 from Ukraine crashes into the mountains near Katerini, Greece killing 70
  • 1998 - Claudia Benton is murdered in her West University, Texas home by Angel Maturino Resendiz. She is his third victim in his third incident.
  • 2002 - Peace accord signed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 2002 - Giovanni Intra dies; born in New Zealand in 1968, co-founder in 1998 (with artist Steve Hanson) of China Art Objects Galleries in Los Angeles.
  • 2003 - First supersonic flight by Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne
  • 2003 - The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King is the third and final Lord of the Rings movie to open in theaters.
  • 2003 - The British government announced the first reported case of a person dying from the human form of mad cow disease after a blood transfusion from an infected donor.

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2004-12-16

Newcastle - Sporting 1-1 Uefa Cup - Grupo D

Num jogo em que pouco se decidia as equipas terminaram com um resultado que as deixou satisfeitas. O Newcastle garantiu o primeiro lugar e o Sporting qualificando-se à vontade evitou as equipas provenientes da Liga dos Campeões.

O Newcastle começou o jogo logo a marcar aos 5' por Bellamy. Entretanto, seguiu-se um período em que o Sporting conseguiu controlar mais a bola, o que não impediu que novamente Bellamy se tenha isolado sendo Ricardo a evitar o 2-0. Após um període de certo descontrolo emocional dos locais (que jogaram desfalcados de jogadores influentes) que conduziu à amostragem de três cartões amarelos por faltas (dois) e protestos ( o terceiro), o Sporting viria a empatar aos 38' na sequência de um pontapé livre, com cruzamento para área e remate de cabeça de Custódio para o fundo da baliza.

Na 2ª. parte o Newcastle pegou no jogo e até cerca dos 65' foi a única equipa que atacou, sem que, porém criasse muito perigo junto da baliza de Ricardo; A partir desta altura e após algumas substituições o Sporting passou fiinalmente a conseguir circular a bola empurrando mesmo o Newcastle para o seu meio-campo.

O resultado é aceitável face às escassas oportunidades e remates à baliza.

Com o triunfo esperado do Sochaux por 1-0 frente ao Panionios, o Sporting terminou em terceiro, defrontando agora uma das seguintes sete equipas: Basileia, At. Bilbao, Dniepr, Middlesbrough, Az Alkmaar, Stuttgart ou Lille.

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Uefa Cup - Group Stage -

16 December 2004

Group A
Hearts 0-1 Ferencváros
Basel 1-0 Feyenoord

Qualifieds: 1º. Basel 7; 2º. Feyenoord 7; 3º. Schalke 7
[Ferencvaros and Hearts out]

Group B
Standard 1-7 Athletic Bilbao
Parma 3-2 Besiktas

Qualifieds: 1º. At. Bilbao 9; 2º. Parma 6; 3º. Steua 6;
[Besiktas and St. Liege out]

Group C
Club Brugge 1-1 Zaragoza
Utrecht 1-2 Austria

Qualifieds: 1º. Dniepr 9; 2º. Austria Wien 7 ; 3º. Zaragoza 7;
[Club Brugge and Utrech out]

Group D
Newcastle 1-1 Sporting Lisbon
Sochaux 1-0 Panionios

Qualifieds: 1º. Newcastle 10; 2º. Sochaux 9; 3º. Sporting 7
[Panionios and Dinamo Tblissi out]

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Via Láctea - Olavo Bilac

"Ora (direis) ouvir estrelas! Certo
Perdeste o senso!" E eu vos direi, no entanto,
Que, para ouvi-las, muitas vezes desperto
E abro as janelas, pálido de espanto...

E conversamos toda a noite, enquanto
A via-láctea, como um pálio aberto,
Cintila. E, ao vir do sol, saudoso e em pranto,
Inda as procuro pelo céu deserto.

Direis agora: "Tresloucado amigo!
Que conversas com elas? Que sentido
Tem o que dizem, quando estão contigo?"

E eu vos direi: "Amai para entendê-las!
Pois só quem ama pode ter ouvido
Capaz de ouvir e de entender estrelas."

Olavo Bilac

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Delírio - Olavo Bilac

Nua, mas para o amor não cabe o pejo
Na minha a sua boca eu comprimia.
E, em frêmitos carnais, ela dizia:
– Mais abaixo, meu bem, quero o teu beijo!

Na inconsciência bruta do meu desejo
Fremente, a minha boca obedecia,
E os seus seios, tão rígidos mordia,
Fazendo-a arrepiar em doce arpejo.

Em suspiros de gozos infinitos
Disse-me ela, ainda quase em grito:
– Mais abaixo, meu bem! – num frenesi.

No seu ventre pousei a minha boca,
– Mais abaixo, meu bem! – disse ela, louca,
Moralistas, perdoai! Obedeci...

Olavo Bilac (n. 16-12-1865 ; m. 28-12-1918]

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On this day in History - Dec. 16

  • 0882 - John VIII, Italian Pope (872-82), dies
  • 1392 -- Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts.
  • 1431 - King Henry VI of England crowned King of France.
  • 1485 - Catherine of Aragon, was born. Queen of England (d. 1536)
  • 1515 - Afonso de Albuquerque dies, Portuguese naval general (at sea) (b. 1453)
  • 1600 - Henri IV épouse Marie de Médicis.
  • 1631 - Mount Vesuvius, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000.
  • 1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
  • 1672 - John II Casimir Vasa, Cardinal / King of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1689 - The English Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights.
  • 1770 - Ludwig van Beethoven, was born in Bonn [he was baptized on 17 December 1770, and it is presumed he was born on 16 December]. (d. 1827); German Composer, he is universally recognized as one of the greatest composers of the Western European music.
  • 1773 - The Boston Tea Party took place.
  • 1774 - François Quesnay, French personal Physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80
  • 1775 - Jane Austen was born , novelist (Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice , Emma)
  • 1776 - Johann Wilhelm Ritter, physicist (d. 1810)
  • 1790 - King Leopold I of Belgium (d. 1865)
  • 1809 - Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
  • 1811 - The first of a series of severe earthquakes occurs, in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri in the United States.
  • 1815 - Criação do Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves, pelo príncipe regente D. João, futuro D. João VI.
  • 1824 - Great North Holland Canal opens.
  • 1835 - Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC .
  • 1838 - Boers defeat Zulu troops at Battle of Blood River, led by Dambuza and Nhlela, celebrated in South Africa as the day of the vow.
  • 1850 - The first four ships arrive at Lyttelton to settle Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • 1864 - Union troops led by general George Thomas defeat Confederate troops in the Battle of Nashville.
  • 1865 - Olavo Bilac, was born, Brazilien poet (d. 1918).
  • 1866 - Wassily Kandinsky, was born, Russian painter.
  • 1884 - Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State.
  • 1888 - King Alexander of Yugoslavia was born (d. 1934)
  • 1893 - World premiere of Antonin Dvorak's "New World Symphony".
  • 1901 - Margaret Mead, was born in Philadelphia, she would become an anthropologist, author, lecturer.
  • 1904 -Edward Morris Bernstein, was born, economist .
  • 1906 - Leonid Brezhnev, was born (Russian leader of the Communist Party) .
  • 1910 - Henri Coanda makes first short flight in aircraft with jet engine.
  • 1915 - Albert Einstein publishes his "General Theory of Relativity"
  • 1916 - Grigori Rasputin assassinated by a group of noble Russian conspirators.
  • 1917 - Sir Arthur C. Clarke, was born, science fiction writer (2001: A Space Odyssey, 2010, Childhood's End) .
  • 1920 - One of the deadliest earthquakes in history hit the Gansu province in China. The 8.6 quake killed 200,000 people.
  • 1922 - Poland's President Gabriel Narutowicz assassinated.
  • 1929 - Chic Blackhawks 1st game at Chicago Stadium, beat Pitts Pirates, 3-1
  • 1932 - Heavy earthquake ravages Kansu China, 70,000 killed
  • 1938 - Liv Ullmann, was born, actress
  • 1944 - The Battle of the Bulge begins. A V-2 rocket hits the Rex Cinema in Antwerp killing 567 people.
  • 1946 - Léon Blum becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1949 -Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed
  • 1949 -Sukarno becomes President Indonesia, Mokammed Hatta Premier
  • 1949 - Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung is received at the Kremlin in Moscow.
  • 1949 - Future SAAB makes its first car . A Swedish company by the name of Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget produced its first motorcar.
  • 1956 - UN troops occupy Port Said, Suez Canal Zone, following the abortive Tripartite Invasion.
  • 1958 - Bogotá warehouse fire kills 82.
  • 1960 - A United Airlines DC-8 and a TWA Super-Constellation collide over New York City killing 134.
  • 1962 - David Lean's "Lawrence of Arabia" premieres.
  • 1962 - Nepal gets constitution / becomes Constitutional Hindu Monarchy.
  • 1963 - A general amnesty is announced for Mau Mau forest fighters in Kenya.
  • 1964 - Heike Drechsler, was born, track and field athlete.
  • 1965 - W. Somerset Maugham, English playwright, novelist and short story writer dies (b. 1874) 1966 - Mao's Little Red Book is published in Beijing.
  • 1969 - O Parlamento britânico aboliu a pena de morte.
  • 1970 - 1st successful landing on Venus (USSR).
  • 1971 - Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released
  • 1 971 - Pakistan surrenders, leading to the establishment of Bangladesh the following day.
  • 1973 - O.J. Simpson becomes the first player in NFL history to rush for 2000 yards in one season.
  • 1979 - Nicole Werra, Miss Wisconsin Teen USA (1996).
  • 1985 - In New York City, mafia bosses Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead when exiting from Sparks Steak House, making hit organizer John Gotti the leader of the powerful Gambino organized crime family.
  • 1987 - Roh Tae Woo wins Presidential Election in South Korea
  • 1989 - The Romanian Revolution began in the city of Timişoara as a protest against an attempt by the government to evict a dissident Methodist priest, László Tőkés.
  • 1989 - Lee Van Cleef, US actor (Good, Bad & Ugly), dies at 64
  • 1989 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (Death in Venice), dies.
  • 1990 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected president of Haiti .
  • 1991 - United Nations reverses ruling that Zionism is racism by 111-25, with 13 abstentions.
  • 1996 - Former South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan, condemned to death for a 1979 coup and a deadly military crackdown, had his sentence commuted to life imprisonment.
  • 1998 - Operation Desert Fox: American and British troops begin to bomb Iraqi targets after Iraq obstructs UN weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 - Mud streams kill thousands in Venezuela.
  • 2000 - NASA announces that there is an ocean beneath Jupiter moon Ganymede's icy surface.
  • 2000 - Colin Powell selected to become the first African-American secretary of state.
  • 2001 - Yakoub Dakidak, senior Hamas military wing activist, killed after nightfall by Israeli troops which had entered Palestiniain Hebron, who say that he was fleeing arrest
  • 2002 - Le Canada devient le 99e pays à signer le protocole de Kyoto.
  • 2003 - Deborah Jin induces the formation of a fermionic condensate among fermionic atoms.



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Uefa Cup 2004/2005 - Group Stage -

15 December 2004

Group E
Middlesbrough 3-0 Partizan
Villarreal 4-0 Egaleo

Qualifieds : 1º Middlesbrough 9 ; 2º.Villarreal 8; 3º. Partizan 5
[Lazio (surprisingly) and Egaleo out]

Group F
Rangers 0-2 Auxerre
GAK 2-0 Alkmaar

Qualifieds: 1º. Alkmaar 9 ; 2º. Auxerre 7 ; 3º. Gak 7
[Rangers out surprisingly]

Group G
Heerenveen 1-0 Beveren
Stuttgart 2-1 Dinamo Zagreb

Qualifieds : 1º. Stuttgart 9 ; 2º. Benfica 9 ; 3º. Heereveen 7
[Dinamo Zagreb and Beveren out]

Group H
Lille 1-0 Sevilla
AEK 0-2 Aachen

Qualifieds : 1º. Lille 9 ; 2º. Sevilla 7 ; 3º. Aachen 7

The draw for next phase is scheduled - 17 December 13:45 - Nyon

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Futsal : Sporting - Benfica 3- 4

O Benfica isolou-se no comando do Campeonato Nacional de Futsal ao vencer fora por 4-3 o anterior comandante, o Sporting. Ao intervalo o Benfica vencia por 1-0 com o golo marcado a 26" do final da 1ª. parte na marcação de um livre directo de 10 metros, por André Lima. Já antes o Sporting desperdiçara igual oportunidade ao atirar ao lado. No início da 2ª parte o Benfica aumentou para 2-0 em jogada individual do mesmo André Lima e fez 3-0 por Nélito que recebeu um passe longo para finalizar com um chapéu sobre o guarda-redes leonino. O jogo parecia então decidido passando o Benfica a jogar à defesa e o Sporting a tomar ai iniciativa do jogo. O Sporting ia falhando diversas oportunidades, designadamente por Bibi, com destaque para a exibição do guarda-redes do Benfica, Zé Carlos que esteve sensacional. A 8' 55'' do fim do jogo Pica Pau fez 4-0 para o Benfica. Entretanto o Sporting passou a optar por jogar com o guarda-redes avançado, as oportunidades sucediam-se, mas chegou.se à vizinhança do último minuto com o Benfica a vencer por 4-0. Depois inexplicavelmente os encarnados com a vitória no saco, quase a comprometiam, sofrendo três golos no último minuto (o 3-4 foi a 7" do fim).

O Benfica impôs assim a 2ª derrota ao Sporting ( a primeira foi por 4-8 também imposta pelo Benfica na 1ª. Jornada) e passou comandar a tabela classificativa.

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2004-12-15

On this day in History - Dec. 15

  • 37 - Nero Claudius Augustus Germanicus was born 5th Emperor of Rome (54-68)
  • 687 - St. Sergius I becomes Pope
  • 1488 -Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after sailing round Cape of Good Hope
  • 1582 - Spanish Netherlands / Denmark / Norway adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1626 - Adriaen de Vries, Dutch Sculptor / painter, dies at about 70
  • 1702 - Forty-seven ronin, formerly in the service of Asano Naganori, assault the household of Kira Yoshinaka, and kill him in vengeance for their lord. Their display of the ideals of bushido becomes a national legend.
  • 1791 - The Bill of Rights took effect with Virginia's ratification of it.
  • 1792 - 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Phila)
  • 1817 - Maria Walewska [Leszczinska], lover of Emperor Napoleon I, dies
  • 1832 - Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born (d. 1923); French civil engineer. A noted constructor of bridges and viaducts; he also designed the Eiffel Tower and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty
  • 1845 - General Douglas MacArthur orders end of Shinto as state religion of Japan
  • 1859 - L. L. Zamenhof, initiator of Esperanto (d. 1917)
  • 1860 - Niels Ryberg Finsen, was born , Denmark Physician / phototherapist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1870 - Josef Hoffmann, was born; Tcheck architect.
  • 1877 - Thomas Edison patents phonograph
  • 1882 Helena Rubinstein, was born, US cosmetic manufacturer.
  • 1885 - Fernando de Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Fernando II of Portugal, dies (b. 1819)
  • 1890 - Sioux Indian chief Sitting Bull and 11 other tribe members were killed by Native American police.
  • 1891 - James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
  • 1892 - Jose Maria Castro composer
  • 1899 - Battle at Colenso, South Africa, the Boers defeat the British.
  • 1907 - Oscar Niemeyer, was born; Brazilien architect
  • 1914 - Battle of Lodz ends; Russiana retreat toward Moscow
  • 1916 - Maurice Wilkins, fisico inglés codescubridor de la estructura del ADN
  • 1916 - the French defeated the Germans in the World War I Battle of Verdun.
  • 1917 - Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1918 - Jeff Chandler, [Ira Grossel], was born in Brooklyn, actor (Broken Arrow)
  • 1927 - Trotski, est exclu du Parti communiste d'URSS.
  • 1939 - The movie Gone With the Wind premiered in Atlanta, Georgia. directed by David Selznick, with Vivian Leigh and Clark Gable.
  • 1944 - Band leader Glenn Miller disappeared in a plane crash over the English Channel.
  • 1944 -American forces invaded Mindoro Island in the Philippines.
  • 1944 - the Senate approved the promotions of Henry H. Arnold, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur and George C. Marshall to the five-star rank of General of the Army and the nominations of William D. Leahy, Ernest J. King and Chester W. Nimitz as Admirals of the Fleet.
  • 1947 - Arthur Machen, dies at age 84, (pseudonym of Arthur Llewellyn Jones), Welsh novelist and essayist
  • 1949 -Albert Camus' "Les Justes" premieres in Paris
  • 1951 - Eric Drummond, 1st sec-gen League of Nations (1919-33), dies at 75
  • 1952 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientales Ecclesias
  • 1956 - The Communist government of Poland allows religious instruction in schools on a voluntary basis.
  • 1961 - Adolf Eichmann the Nazi SS colonel who organized Adolf Hitler's "final solution of the Jewish question," was sentenced to death by an Israeli court
  • 1964 - Canada adopted its national flag, a red maple leaf on a white background.
  • 1965- two U.S. manned spacecraft, Gemini 6 and Gemini 7, maneuvered to within 10 feet of each other while in orbit.
  • 1965 - Bangladesh windstorm kills 10,000
  • 1965 -The United States bombs an industrial center near Haiphong Harbor, North Vietnam.
  • 1966 -Animated-cartoon pioneer and movie producer Walt Disney died in Los Angeles (b. 1901)
  • 1970 - S Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, around 300 killed
  • 1971 - Paul Lévy, mathematician, dies.
  • 1973 - American Psychiatric Assn declares homosexuality is not mental illness.
  • 1976 - Samoa is member of the UN
  • 1978 - US to recognize Communist China, dump Taiwan. President Jimmy Carter states that as of January 1, 1979, the United States will recognize the communist People's Republic of China (PRC) and sever relations with Taiwan.
  • 1979 - the deposed Shah of Iran left the United States for Panama, the same day the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that Iran should release all its American hostages.
  • 1981 - NASA launches Intelsat V
  • 1982 - Spain reopens border with Gibraltar.
  • 1982 - Sao Tome & Principe constitution approved.
  • 1985 - Sylvester Stallone & Brigitte Nielson wed
  • 1986 - 150 killed during race riot in Karachi
  • 1989 - A demonstration that turned into a popular uprising in Romania began the downfall of Nicolae Ceausescu.
  • 1989 - Mercenary coup in Comoros gives up power after 21 days. The mercenary leader and ex-presidential bodyguard, Bob Denard, attempted to create a 'pirate kingdom' after the assassination of the president Ahmed Abderrahman Abdallah.
  • 1990 - Rocker Rod Stewart marries super model Rachel Hunter
  • 1993 - GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) Uruguay Round completed with approval by 117 countries
  • 1993 - British premier Major and Irish premier Reynolds sign Downing Street Declaration concerning Northern Ireland self determination
  • 1993 - Haitian premier Robert Malval resigns.
  • 1993 - Kakuei Tanaka, PM of Japan (1972-74), dies.
  • 1994 - John Bruton becomes Ireland's premier.
  • 1994 - Netscape Navigator 1.0 first released.
  • 1994 - Palau become member of the UN.
  • 1995 - The European Communities Court of Justice passes the Bosman ruling.
  • 1995. A unidade de conta europeia, a futura moeda europeia, é baptizada com o nome de Euro.
  • 1997 - A chartered Tupolev TU-154 from Tajikistan crashes in the desert near Sharja, United Arab Emirates airport killing 85.
  • 1999 - En medio de una catástrofe natural, y la muerte de miles de venezolanos, es aprobada mediante referendum popular la Constitución de la "República Bolivariana de Venezuela" (fundación de la V República)
  • 2000 - US First Lady and Senator-elect Hillary Rodham Clinton agreed to an $8 million book deal with publisher Simon and Schuster for her White House memoirs.
  • 2000 - Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant shut down for good Operators shut down the Chernobyl nuclear power plant with the flip of a switch, closing the facility for good 14 years after it spawned the world's worst nuclear accident.
  • 2001 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens to visitors (no more than 30 at a time), after being closed since 1990, while its tilt was being reduced from 4.50 meters to 4.09 meters.
  • 2002 - Election to the 182-seat state assembly of Gujarat, India. The anti-Muslim Hindu fundamentalist Bharatiya Janata Party, which also leads the national coalition government, wins 126 seats, the Congress Party 51. Gujarat, whose population is 55 million, has 5 million Muslims.
  • 2002 - BBC 7, digital radio station launched in UK .
  • 2003- Former nurse Charles Cullen was charged with murder after telling prosecutors he had killed 30 to 40 severely ill patients in Pennsylvania and New Jersey since 1987 by injecting them with drugs
  • 2003 - Keith Magnuson, dies, National Hockey League player (car accident)

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2004-12-14

My music

Acess to your mp3 player, let it order randomly your musics and write a list of the first twenty or twenty five. Don't cheat :):):)
My experiment gave this:

1. I will - Chris the Burgh
2. My way - Frank Sinatra
3. What's a wonderful world - Louis Armstrong
4. Eu não sei quem te perdeu - Pedro Abrunhosa & Sandra de Sá
5. Imagine - John Lennon
6. Golden Brown - The Stranglers
7. Haja o que houver - Madredeus
8. Baby i love your way - Peter Frampton
9. Le metéque - Georges Moustaki
10. Sand in my shoes - Dido
11. A andorinha da primavera - Madredeus
12. She - Elvis Costello
13. Nothing compares to you -Sinéad O'Connor.com
14. Tears In Heaven - Eric Clapton
15. Avec le temps - Leo Ferré
16. Magnificat (Johan Sebastian Bach) Choer Magnificat Anima mea Dominum
17. I'm your man - Leonard Cohen
18. Everybody hearts - R.E.M
19. Oh gente da minha terra - Mariza
20. Velha infancia - Os tribalistas
21. Suzanne - Leonard Cohen
22. Baby i can hold you - Tracy Chapman
23. A Rush of Blood to the Head - Coldplay
24 Where the wild roses grow up - Nick Cave & Killy Minogue
25. Mas que nada - Miriam Makeba



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On this day in History - Dec. 14

  • 0644 - Osman ibn Affan appointed 3rd kalief of islam.
  • 0867 - Adrian II becomes Pope .
  • 0872 - John VIII becomes Pope .
  • 1077 - Agnes of Poitou, German empress / Wife of Emperor Henry III, dies .
  • 1136 - Harald IV, "Gylle Krist", King of Norway, murdered .
  • 1287 - Zuider Zee sea wall collapsed, with the loss of 50,000 lives.
  • 1503 - Nostradamus [Michel de Nostredame], was born in St. Remy, Provence, France. Astrologuer and physician (d. 1566). He predicted correctly French king Henri II's manner of death. Nostradamus was the author of a book of prophecies that many still believe foretold the future. He wrote in rhyming quatrains, accurately predicting the Great London Fire in 1666, Spain’s Civil War, and a Hitler that would lead Germany into war. He even correctly predicted his own death on July 2, 1566.
  • 1542 - James (30), king of Scotland (1513-42), died.
  • 1546 - Tycho Brahe (d.1601), astronomer, was born in Knudstrup, Denmark. He constructed the most precise astronomical instruments of his time.
  • 1553 - Henri IV the Bourbon, King of Navarra (Henri III) / France , was born.
  • 1798 - David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patented a nut and bolt machine.
  • 1799 - George Washington died at age 67. He was the first president of the United States (1789-97), died at his Mount Vernon, home.
  • 1818 -The pirate Hippolyte Bouchard demanded gunpowder and other supplies from the padres at Mission San Juan Capistrano, Ca. The padres refused and the pirate sent 140 men to destroy the mission and the town was stripped of its provisions.
  • 1819 - Alabama became the 22nd state in the United States, making 11 slave states and 11 free states.
  • 1822 -John Christie, English patron of music, was born. He founded the Glyndebourne Festival Opera.
  • 1853 - Salvador Diaz Miron, was born, Mexican Poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas) .
  • 1855 - Ice hockey originated. The first game was played by 2 military teams.
  • 1861 - Prince Albert of England, husband of Queen Victoria and one of the Union’s strongest advocates, died in London; he was cousin of King D. Fernando II of Portugal husband of Queen D. Maria II; The book “Uncrowned King: The Life of Prince Albert” was later written by Stanely Weintraub.
  • 1863 -The widow of Confederate General B.H. Helm was given amnesty by President Lincoln after she swore allegiance to the Union. Mrs. Helm was the half-sister of Mary Todd Lincoln.
  • 1866 - Roger Fry, English art critic, was born.
  • 1895 - Britain’s King George VI (d.1952), was born. He rule from 1936-1952.
  • 1896 - James H. Doolittle, American Air Force general, was born. He commanded the first bombing mission over Japan. His Tokyo raid was a great boost for American war morale.
    1900 - Max Planck (1858-1947), German physicist, presented the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin. Planck, demonstrated that energy, in certain situations, can exhibit characteristics of physical matter. Planck was rewarded the Nobel Prize (1918) in Physics for his work on blackbody radiation.
  • 1903 - William Ennis became the 1st cop to die in electric chair.
  • 1906 - First U1 submarine was brought into service in Germany.
  • 1908 - The first truly representative Turkish Parliament opened.
  • 1909 - Edward L. Tatum, American molecular geneticist (Nobel 1958), was born.
  • 1909 -The Labor Conference in Pittsburgh ended with a "declaration of war" on U.S. Steel.
  • 1909 - Leopold II, King of Belgium, dies.
  • 1911 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating an expedition led by Robert F. Scott. He use dog sleds that averaged fifteen miles a day in sub-zero temperatures.
  • 1915 - Jack Johnson became the 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion.
  • 1916 -Shirley Jackson, novelist and short story writer (Life Among Savages, The Lottery), was born.
  • 1918 - Sidónio Pais foi assassinado em Lisboa, na Estação do Rossio, baleado por um sargento do exército.
  • 1918 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounced the Finnish throne.
  • 1920 -The League of Nations created a credit system to aid Europe; U.S. export trade was threatened.
  • 1922 - Don Hewitt, NYC, CBS news executive producer (60 Minutes), was born.
  • 1926 - Theo van Rysselberghe (64), Belgian painter (pointillism), died.
  • 1927 -Iraq gained independence from Britain, but British troops remained.
  • 1928 - Lady Chatterley's Lover, de David Herbert Lawrence, se publica.
  • 1929 - Alexander Zaimis elected President of Greece.
  • 1934 - 1st streamlined steam locomotive was introduced in Albany, NY.
  • 1935 - Lee Remick, was born, American actress
  • 1937 - Japanese troops conquered and plundered Nanjing.
  • 1939 - The Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations.
  • 1941 - US Treasury Sec. Henry Morgenthau asked his assistant Harry Dexter White to prepare a paper outlining the possibilities for coordinated monetary arrangements between the US and its allies. White’s proposal said the primary goal should be to stabilize the exchange rates of the Allied countries to encourage the flow of capital. The later led to the establishment of the gold standard at Bretton Woods, N.H., in 1944.
  • 1941 - German Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel ordered the construction of defensive positions along the European coastline.
  • 1944 - Congress established the rank of General of Army, the 5-star General.
  • 1946 - Patty Duke, American actress, was born. She started her career at seven and won an Oscar for her portrayal of Helen Keller in "The Miracle Worker." He went on to star in television's "The Patty Duke Show."
  • 1946 -The United Nations General Assembly voted to establish the U.N. headquarters in New York City. The UN adopted a disarmament resolution prohibiting the A-bomb.
  • 1946 - Jane Birkin, London England, actress (Mrs Don Juan, Dark Places, Dust) .
  • 1947 - NASCAR founded .
  • 1949 - Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov was sentenced to die for treason in Sofia.
  • 1950 - El coronel Osorio asume la presidencia de El Salvador.
  • 1952 -Faleceu em Amarante Teixeira de Pascoaes, defensor do Saudosismo como estética literária.
  • 1955 - Portugal adere à ONU.
  • 1956 - John Diefenbaker was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative party in Canada. he succeeded John Drew.
  • 1958 -Mike Scott , was born, Rock singer-musician (The Waterboys).
  • 1959 - Motown, a famed record label whose roster included The Supremes, The Jackson Five, Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross, Lionel Richie, Stevie Wonder, Boyz II Men and many other musicians, was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1960 - Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms.
  • 1960 - A U.S. B-52 bomber set a 10,000 mile non-stop record without refueling.
  • 1961 - Tanganyika (now Tanzania) is admitted to the UN.
  • 1962 -The U.S. space probe Mariner 2 approached Venus, transmitting information about the planet.
  • 1962 - The Mona Lisa was assessed at US$100 million, the highest insurance valuance for a painting in history.
  • 1967 - DNA synthesized for the first time.
  • 1972 - Willy Brandt re-elected West German chancellor
  • 1972 - Astronauts Schmitt and Cernan blasted off from the moon to join the command module America in lunar orbit, thus ending America’s manned lunar exploration for the 20th century.
  • 1975 - Six South Moluccan extremists surrendered after holding 23 hostages for 12 days on a train near the Dutch town of Beilen.
  • 1975 -Inga Drozdovawas born,Latvia playmate(Nov, 1997)
  • 1976 - Karl Carstens es elegido presidente de la República Federal Alemana.
  • 1977 - The film "Saturday Night Fever,” starring John Travolta, premiered in NYC.
  • 1977 - War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
  • 1979 - Michael Owen, was born , football (soccer) star
  • 1980 - After four days of meetings, members of NATO warned the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland, saying that intervention would effectively destroy the détente between East and West.
  • 1980 - Fans around the world paid tribute to John Lennon, six days after he was shot to death in New York City.
  • 1981 - Israel formally annexed the Golan Heights, seized from Syria in 1967. The parliament approved the annexation of the Golan Heights with legislation in one day.
  • 1982 - Gerardo Iglesias es elegido secretario general del PCE (Partido Comunista de España) en sustitución de Santiago Carrillo.
  • 1985 - Roger Maris (51), HR hitter (61 in 61, NY Yankees), died of cancer.
  • 1985 - Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe as she took office as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
  • 1986 - The experimental aircraft Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world. (The trip took nine days.)
  • 1987 - Supreme Court nominee Anthony M. Kennedy told his confirmation hearing he had no hidden agenda for abortion and privacy cases.
  • 1987 - Chrysler pleaded no contest to federal charges of selling several thousand vehicles as new even though they'd been driven by employees with the odometer disconnected.
  • 1987 - In the worst attack on merchant shipping in the 'Gulf War', 21 crewmen from a Norwegian tanker are killed.
  • 1988 - In a dramatic policy shift, President Reagan authorized the United States to enter into a "substantive dialogue" with the Palestine Liberation Organization, after chairman Yasser Arafat said he was renouncing "all forms of terrorism."
  • 1989 - Nobel Peace laureate Andrei D. Sakharov died in Moscow at age 68.
  • 1989 - Chile holds its first free election in 16 years. Patricio Aylwin was elected president.
  • 1990 - President Bush said he would nominate Lynn Martin to succeed Elizabeth H. Dole as labor secretary.
  • 1990 - President Bush prodded Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to agree to talks on the Persian Gulf crisis by January third.
  • 1990 - Right to Die case permitted Nancy Cruzan to have her feeding tube removed she died 12 days later.
  • 1992 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin lost a battle with hard-liners as he was forced to abandon his reformist prime minister, Yegor Gaidar, in favor of Communist-era technocrat Viktor Chernomyrdin.
  • 1993 - A Colorado judge struck down the state's voter-approved Amendment Two prohibiting gay rights laws, calling it unconstitutional.
  • 1993 - United Mine Workers approved a five-year contract, ending a strike that had reached seven states and involved some of the nation's biggest coal operators.
  • 1993 - Actress Myrna Loy died in New York at age 88.
  • 1994 -Former Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus, died at age 84. His refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops.
  • 1995 - AIDS patient Jeff Getty received the first-ever bone-marrow transplant from a baboon. The experimental procedure at a San Francisco hospital was criticized by animal rights activists.
  • 1995 - A way to genetically improve resistance to leaf blight in rice plants was reported found by scientists.
  • 1995 -An agreement for peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs. Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national parliament was also part of the plan.
  • 1996 - Teamsters President Ron Carey won election to a second term. Later, the results were overturned, and Carey was barred from a rerun vote by a court-appointed monitor who ruled that Carey had used union money for his campaign.
  • 1996 - In New Orleans, the 700-foot freighter, Bright Field, lost power on the Mississippi River, went out of control and slammed into a riverfront structure and then hit a crowded mall. No one was killed.
  • 1997 - Astronomers detected the brightest explosion ever detected in a galaxy 12 billion light-years away.
  • 1997 - Cuban President Fidel Castro declared Christmas 1997 an official holiday to ensure the success of Pope John Paul II's upcoming visit in Jan.
  • 1997 -From India it was reported that Bombay film studios churn out 900 features a year in Hindi and other Indian languages at an average cost of $2.24 million.
  • 1997 - Iran's new president, Mohammad Khatami, called for a dialogue with the people of the United States -- a nation reviled by his predecessors as "The Great Satan."
  • 1997 - In Mexico the 500-seat Chamber of Deputies approved Pres. Zedillo’s $108.9 billion budget for 1988. The secret budget was reduced to $6.25 million.
  • 1997 -From Mexico it was reported that the Korean owners of the Han Young plant in Tijuana have agreed to cut ties with the government union and recognize the independent Unidad Obrera (Worker Unity) that was elected on Oct 6.
  • 1998 -Researchers reported that the protein IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor type1, was found to sustain muscle maintenance and repair when injected into muscle cells. The protein was packaged in the shell of a virus that causes no disease.
  • 1998 -The peak of the Geminid meteor shower.
  • 1998 -In Algeria Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia resigned.
  • 1998 - In Angola UNITA rebels launched an offensive at Cuito and Huambo and claimed to have shot down a government jet.
  • 1998 - In Brazil legislators proposed to give themselves a 59% pay raise as the economy slipped into recession.
  • 1998 - The British human rights group, Global Witness, reported that in Angola UNITA was selling diamonds to finance its battles against government forces.
  • 1998 - In China the armed forces completed the hand over of their commercial holdings to civilian control.
  • 1998 - In Guinea Lansana Conte was re-elected president to a 7-year term with 54.1% of the vote.
  • 1998 - In Iran authorities arrested several suspects in the recent string of murders of opposition figures. Pirouz Davani, leader of the United Left, and Rostami Hamedani, an activist with Davani, were reported missing.
  • 1998 - In Mexico the Senate approved a new law that ended restrictions limiting foreign ownership of the nation’s top banks.
  • 1998 - In Kosovo Serbian border guards killed 31 ethnic Albanian guerrillas on the Albanian border.
  • 1998 -In Pec masked Albanian rebels opened fire in the Panda barroom and killed 6 young Kosovo Serbs.
  • 1999 - Jorge Edwards es galardonado con el Premio Cervantes.
  • 1999 - In Seattle Ahmed Ressam (32) was arrested after crossing the border at Port Angeles from Canada with a car trunk with over 150 pounds of bomb-making materials that included 200 pounds of urea, timing devices and a bottle of RDX, cyclotrimethylene trinitramine. Canadian authorities later issued an arrest warrant for Abdelmajed Dahoumane for possessing or making explosives. Dahoumane was arrested in Algeria In Oct, 2000. In 2001 Ressam admitted that he planned to detonate a bomb at the LA Int’l. Airport. Mokhtar Haouari provided fake ID and $3,000 to Ressam. Haouari was sentenced to 24 years in prison in 2002.
  • 1999 - US and German negotiators agreed to establish a $5.2 billion fund for Nazi-era slave and forced laborers.
  • 1999 - Charles Schultz, creator of the Peanuts cartoon, announced that he would retire and that the last Peanuts cartoon would appear Feb 13, 2000.
  • 1999 - In Germany the government and industry officials agreed to establish nearly $5.2 billion fund to compensate slave laborers of the Nazi regime.
  • 1999 - It was reported that Hong Kong Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa had recently announced a $3.75 billion environmental crusade in an effort to reduce pollution. An 80% reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions by 2005 was planned. Hong Kong's yearly emissions for sulfur dioxide was 80,000 tons. Guangdong Province on the Chinese mainland put out 630,000 tons.
  • 1999 - In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
  • 1999 - In Mexico a passenger bus collided head-on with a gas truck and at least 26 people were killed near Salvatierra in Guanajuato.
  • 1999 - In Panama former US Pres. Jimmy Carter symbolically turned over the Panama Canal. The official ownership transfer date was Dec 31.
  • 1999 -In Romania Pres. Constantinescu fired Prime Minister Radu Vasile, though the constitution did not grant him that power. Alexandru Athanasiu, the Labor and Social Welfare minister, was named to replace Vasile. The average monthly salary was down to $89.
  • 1999 - In South Africa Clarence Mlokoti (69), co-founder of the Kaizer Chiefs soccer team, was killed during an attempted car-jacking in Soweto.
  • 1999 - Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian national, was arrested after authorities allegedly found nitroglycerin in the trunk of his car as he arrived from Canada by ferry at Port Angeles, Wash. (Ressam was convicted in April 2001 of terrorist conspiracy and eight other charges.)
  • 2000 -Pres. Clinton spoke in England and urged the US and other rich countries to end farm subsidies, spend money on fighting disease in the 3rd World and to cut emissions to thwart global warming.
  • 2000 President-elect George W. Bush conferred by phone with congressional leaders of both parties and planned a goodwill tour of Washington, D.C.; he also received a flood of congratulatory calls from world leaders on his first full day as president-elect. ref#62190
    2000 U.S. businessman Edward Pope was pardoned and released by Russia after being convicted of espionage.
  • 2000 -The Federal Trade Commission unanimously approved the $111 billion merger of America Online and Time Warner.
  • 2000 - In the southern Philippines Muslim extremists killed 3 passengers on a motorcycle taxi.
  • 2000 - In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe claimed that his government has no control over the economy and blamed the “white man” as the real enemy during an address to a Congress of the ruling Zanu-PF Party
  • 2001 - The US vetoed a UN Security council vote that condemned all “acts of terror” against Israelis and Palestinians.
  • 2001 - American and British commandos behind a screen of local Afghan fighters contained the last remnants of al Qaeda forces in the White Mountains of Tora Bora. American Marines occupied Kandahar airport.
  • 2001 - The US shipped a load of corn to Cuba, the 1st American food shipment there since 1963.
  • 2001 - European leaders agreed to send 4,000 troops to Afghanistan.
  • 2001 -European nations began distributing a “Eurokit” of euro coins in advance of the Jan 1 day when the euro becomes legal tender.
  • 2001 -The German parliament approved a plan to shut down all nuclear power plants within 20 years.
  • 2001 -W.G. Sebald (b.1944), German-born British author, died in a car accident. His books included “The Emigrants” (1996), “The Rings of Saturn” (1998) and “Austerlitz” (2001). The National Books Critics Circle awarded “Austerlitz” top honors in 2002.
  • 2003 - Pakistani dictator Gen. Pervez Musharraf [11 Aug 1943~] escapes an assassination attempt when a powerful bomb explodes a couple of minutes after his highly-guarded convoy crossed a bridge in Rawalpindi. There are no casualties.
  • 2004 - Special Extended DVD Edition of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King released.

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